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The Conus Biodiversity Website

CATALOGUE OF RECENT AND FOSSIL CONUS

  Conus coccineus Gmelin, 1791.

Range: E. Indonesia, Philippines, Queensland, New Caledonia, Solomon Is., and Vanuatu.

Description: Moderately small to moderately large, moderately solid. Last whorl ovate to conoid-cylindrical, sometimes cylindrical; outline convex to almost straight and parallel-sided adapically; left side concave basally. Shoulder angulate, undulate to weakly tuberculate. Spire of low to moderate height. Larval shell of about 2 whorls, maximum diameter 0.8-0.9 mm. Early postnuclear whorls tuberculate, late whorls tuberculate to undulate. Teleoconch sutural ramps tlat, with 1-3 increasing to 5-7 spiral grooves. Last whorl with closely spaced, variably granulose spiral ribs.

Shell Morphometry
  L 30-62 mm
  RW 0.11-0.26 g/mm
  RD 0.51-0.63
  PMD 0.71-0.83
  RSH 0.11-0.18

Colour variable: white, pink, orange, to dark brown. Last whorl with a white central-band, usudly containing brown blotches above and spirally arranged dots below. In light coloured specimens. spiral ribs outside the central band occasionally bear dark spiral lines. Larval whorls and first 2-4 postnuclear sutural ramps white to pink; following sutural ramps matching the colour of last whorl, often with darker radial blotches; sutural margins usually darker. Aperture white to violet.

Periostracum greenish brown, thin to thick, translucent to opaque, with interlaced axial ridges.

Habitat and Habits: In 1-20 m, at exposed coral reef sites and in coral rubble.

Discussion: C. coccineus is most similar to C. vittatus from the Panamic Province. For comparison, see the Discussion of the latter species (see Vol. 2). C. ammiralis and C. coccineus are two simultaneously described synonyms. Kohn (1966) selected C. coccineus as the valid name.

Range Map Image

C. coccineus range map

This section contains verbatim reproductions of the accounts of 316 species of Conus from the Indo-Pacific region, from Manual of the Living Conidae, by Röckel, Korn and Kohn (1995). They are reproduced with the kind permission of the present publisher, Conchbooks.

All plates and figures referred to in the text are also in Röckel, Korn & Kohn, 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae Vol. 1: Indo-Pacific Region.

The range maps have been modified so that each species account has it own map, rather than one map that showed the ranges of several species in the original work. This was necessary because each species account is on a separate page on the website and not confined to the order of accounts in the book.

 

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