Covers mushrooms and other non-lichenized fungi that form multicellular fruiting bodies large enough to be seen with the unaided eye.
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446 species, 9 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Index to genera:Calbovista
– sculptured giant puffball, sculptured puffball, warted giant puffball
– small staghorn
Habitat: Occurs on conifer wood
– yellow false coral, yellow tuning fork, coral jelly fungus, yellow staghorn
Distribution: It is common, but rarely abundant, in western North America, as well as in Europe and Asia.
Habitat: Occurs on rotting conifer wood in the forests
– pink Calocybe, pink domecap
Habitat: Occurs with conifers such as Engelmann spruce, subalpine fir, and Douglas-fir.
– blue-staining cup, dazzling cup, snowbank orange peel fungus
Distribution: Although most common in the western mountains, it occurs across North America, as well as in Europe and temperate Asia.
– Boone's puffball, western giant puffball
Habitat: Sagebrush steppe and open, grassy areas
– purple-spored puffball, vase puffball
Distribution: Common in montane conifer forests during spring and summer
– sculptured puffball, Sierran puffball
– small warted mountain puffball
Habitat: Moist woodland environments
– golden chanterelle, Pacific chanterelle, Pacific golden chanterelle, yellow chanterelle
Description: The species epithet formosus means “finely formed” or “beautiful” and this certainly is descriptive of many of our golden chanterelles. The fruitbodies are often large for a chanterelle, and have a dull orange to brownish orange cap that readily bruises brownish and often is finely scaly. The fertile ridges often are deep and relatively thin; they are usually pale orange-yellow but may have a pinkish cast. The stipe usually is fairly slender and tapered downward.
Distribution: Broad Abundant through moist portions
Habitat: Moist ground
– rainbow chanterelle
Distribution: Western Moist, coastal or mountain environments
Habitat: It seems to be associated primarily with spruce, occurring with Sitka spruce and shore pine near the coast and with Engelmann spruce in the mountains.
– white chanterelle
Distribution: Western Forests containing Douglas-fir and hemlock
Habitat: Favor old-growth forests
– imperial cat, imperial mushroom
– swollen-stalked cat
Distribution: Catathelasmas usually occur on calcareous soils in conifer forests, often in large local populations, forming arcs or rings of fruitbodies.
– gray polypore, mossy maze polypore
– pepper bolete, peppery bolete
Distribution: It is widespread and can be rather common in some years, but usually is not abundant.
– eyelash dung cup
– desert stalked puffball
– green cups, green stain, green wood-cups
Distribution: Broad Across North America, Europe, and Asia
Spores: spores (5--8 x 1--2 µm)
– silver leaf fungus, silver-leaf fungus
Distribution: North America and Europe C. cyanophylla usually grows in small groups and can be found in fall on rain-soaked conifer logs, as well as spring and early summer on wet conifer logs exposed by melting snow.
– woolly pine spike
Distribution: Occurs only in western North America.
Habitat: Often is found in mixed conifer forests that lack pines.
– golden-gilled Chrysomphalina, golden-gilled Gerronema, goldgill navelcap
Substrate: cone scales of true firs
Spores: spores are smooth and ovoid (5--7.5 x 3--3.5 µm)
– pointed club
Habitat: Clavaria acuta usually occurs on bare soil in somewhat disturbed areas.
– strap coral, strap-shaped coral
– strap-shaped pestle
Distribution: Widespread in western and northern North America.
Habitat: Often these species can be found in large troops under conifers.
– flat-top coral, flat-topped coral, truncate club coral
Distribution: Broad throughout the Northern Hemisphere
Habitat: Occurs with conifers
– gray coral, ashy coral mushroom
– crested coral, wrinkled coral, white-crested coral fungus
– handsome club, golden fairy-club
Distribution: A widespread species, occurring across North America and in Europe and parts of Asia.
– snowmelt Clitocybe, white-stranded Clitocybe
Distribution: Western snowbank mushrooms
– crowded white Clitocybe
– fragrant funnel, slim anise mushroom
– funnel Clitocybe, common funnel, funnel-cap
– snowbank Lyophyllum
Distribution: Western snowbank mushroom
– cloudy Clitocybe, clouded funnel
Distribution: A variety of forests, often appearing along woodland trails late in fall
– anise-scented Clitocybe, aniseed funnel, blue-green anise mushroom
– sweat-producing Clitocybe
– brick-red Clitocybe
Distribution: Any time of year, often on bare soil
– small scaly Clitocybe
Distribution: Broad Widespread, often common, and variable species
Distribution: Common in Pacific Coast conifer forests
– black and white Clitocybula
Habitat: C. atrialba is a western species that occurs singly on the (sometimes buried) wood of alder and perhaps other hardwoods.
Substrate: Wood or woody debris
Spores: whitish amyloid spores
– the miller, sweetbread mushroom
Distribution: Widely distributed in conifer as well as deciduous hardwood forests.
– appleseed coincap, tuberous Collybia, lentil shanklet
– tiger's eye
Habitat: Occurs on the ground or on woody debris and is most characteristic of disturbed areas such as trail edges and roadsides in conifer forests.
– common cone-head, brown dunce-cap
– fairy bonnet, crumble cap, little helmet, fairy inkcap
– glistening inkcap, glistening inky-cap, mica-cap
Habitat: Hardwood stumps, buried roots, and other organic debris.
– tippler's bane, common inkcap, alcohol inky, inky-cap
Habitat: Occurs widely in many natural and disturbed habitats, including gardens and other urban settings
– snowy inkcap
Habitat: Grows on dung, primarily of cattle.
– shaggy inkcap, lawyer's-wig, shaggy-mane
Distribution: C. acutus occurs in nutrient-poor conifer forests, often on moist sites in litter, and can be found throughout the north temperate regions.
– silvery-violet Cortinarius, pearly webcap
Habitat: C. aurantiobasis tends to occur in wetter habitats with conifers, often near western hemlock and/or Sitka spruce, and frequently among sphagnum or other mosses.
– gypsy, gypsy mushroom
Distribution: Common in certain years in the PNW, but becomes less abundant inland and to the south
– cinnamon Cort, cinnamon webcap
Habitat: Western conifer forests, extending from lower elevations into the higher mountains
– belted slimy Cortinarius
Distribution: Common and widespread
Habitat: C. croceus occurs throughout north temperate forests and into alpine and arctic areas. It grows with various conifers, as well as hardwoods including beech, birch, and willow.
– deadly Cortinarius, goldband webcap
Habitat: C. gentilis has a broad ecological range, occurring in moist environments as well as drier, upland conifer sites. During the summer in the western mountains it can be very common, often fruiting in groups, sometimes from well rotted woody debris.
– bulbous Cortinarius, blue-foot webcap
– sooty olive Cortinarius, bitter webcap
– spotted Cort, viscid violet Cort
– brown Cortinarius, hoary webcap, woolly webcap
Distribution: Widespread, but variable in its fruiting, in some years being rather common and in others being absent.
Habitat: C. laniger is characteristic of boreal and montane conifer forests.
Distribution: Cortinarius montanus can be very common and widespread, but often occurs as one or a few fruitbodies at a time.
Habitat: Common in older, cool, moist conifer forests.
– slimy Cortinarius, orange webcap
Distribution: C. muscigenus varies in abundance from year to year, and in some seasons can be very common.
Habitat: mid- to high elevation conifer forests
– purple-staining Cortinarius
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats with different conifers and is more frequent in moist areas. Most commonly found along the coast, especially with Sitka spruce.
– blood-red Cortinarius, northern red-dye, blood-red webcap
– little brown Cortinarius
Habitat: Widespread species found in a variety of habitats including pine forests and alpine areas with dwarf birch
Distribution: Varies in abundance from year to year
Habitat: Low to mid-elevation conifer forests
Habitat: C. salor is found in a wide range of forest types
– western red-capped Cortinarius, western red-dye
– pungent Cort, lilac conifer Cortinarius, gassy webcap
Habitat: Abundant in the far-western mountane and boreal regions, but is much less frequent in the Rocky Mountains.
– pointed Cortinarius
Habitat: Coastal conifer forests from northern California to southern Canada.
Habitat: Western North America, occurring both in Rocky Mountain spruce-fir forests and the forests of the Cascades and coastal ranges.
Habitat: Common in conifer forests
– violet Cort, violet Cortinarius, violet webcap
Distribution: In some years it is difficult to find but in general it is commonly encountered, but usually in small numbers.
Habitat: Widespread in older forests in PNW region, but much less common in the interior mountains than nearer the coast.
– angel-of-death, black chanterelle, fairy's loving cup, horn-of-plenty, black trumpet, trumpet-of-death
– funnel chanterelle, trumpet chanterelle, winter chanterelle, winter craterelle, yellow-foot, yellowlegs
Distribution: Western West Coast
Habitat: Moist forest
Substrate: Mossy rotten wood
– jelly crep, flabby Crepidotus, peeling oysterling
– common bird's nest fungus, yellow bird's nest fungus, common birds' nest, white-egg bird's nest
– cryptic globe fungus, veiled polypore
– common Cudonia
Distribution: Widespread in North America, Europe, and Asia.
Distribution: It is widespread, but not particularly common.
Substrate: C. clavus occurs in spring and early summer on very wet plant debris, such as cones and twigs, often at least partly submerged in running water.
– field bird's nest, deep splashcup
– splash-cup bird's-nest, dung-loving bird's-nest fungus, dung bird's nest
– fluted bird's-nest, streaked bird's-nest, splash cups, ribbed splashcup
Habitat: It can be common in gardens where woody materials have been added to the planting beds.
Substrate: Cyathus striatus occurs in a number of different habitats on decaying plant materials such as wood chips, small branches, and needles.
Substrate: It occurs on mosses, usually hair caps (Polytrichum spp.) and is common in late summer and fall in our moist conifer forests, especially along trails and other areas where mossbeds are found.
Spores: colorless, non-amyloid, smooth, rounded, and 4--5 x 2.5--3 μm
– pure Cystoderma, unspotted Cystoderma, saffron parasol, earthy powdercap
– conifer Cystoderma
Distribution: Only in North America
Habitat: It occurs in a variety of habitats, including conifer, mixed, and hardwood forests on litter, humus, rotting wood, and in mosses.
– vermilion Cystoderma, cinnabar powdercap
– lilac dapperling, Bucknall's Lepiota