Vascular Plants
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Common names beginning with G:
Great flowered gaillardia (Gaillardia aristata)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, open areas at low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Brown galingale (Cyperus fuscus)
Ciliate galinsoga (Galinsoga quadriradiata)
Distribution: Introduced and sparingly established in western Washington; occurring throughout most of North America except intermountain west from Idaho to Texas.
Habitat: Gardens and waste places.
Origin: Introduced from Central and South America
Shaggy galinsoga (Galinsoga quadriradiata)
Distribution: Introduced and sparingly established in western Washington; occurring throughout most of North America except intermountain west from Idaho to Texas.
Habitat: Gardens and waste places.
Origin: Introduced from Central and South America
Crow garlic (Allium vineale)
Distribution: Scattered localities throughout Washington.
Habitat: Disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Nevius's garlic (Allium nevii)
Distribution: East slope and foothills of the Cascades, Kittitas County, Washington, south to Wasco County, Oregon
Habitat: Open areas where the soil is wet into the spring
Origin: Native
Wild garlic (Allium vineale)
Distribution: Scattered localities throughout Washington.
Habitat: Disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Small-flowered gaura (Oenothera curtiflora)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Open, sandy, rocky, often disturbed places.
Origin: Introduced
Explorer's gentian (Gentiana calycosa)
Distribution: In the Cascades, Olympics and Blue Mountains of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Alberta, Wyoming, and Utah.
Habitat: Alpine to subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Glaucous gentian (Gentiana glauca)
Distribution: In the North Cascades of Washington; Alaska south to Washington and Montana.
Habitat: Tundra and alpine meadows.
Origin: Native
King's gentian (Gentiana sceptrum)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to northwest California.
Habitat: Bogs and wet places, especially along the coast, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Mt. bog gentian (Gentiana calycosa)
Distribution: In the Cascades, Olympics and Blue Mountains of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Alberta, Wyoming, and Utah.
Habitat: Alpine to subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Pleated gentian (Gentiana affinis)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California and Arizona.
Habitat: Damp soil and meadowlands, from the valleys and foothills to well up in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Prairie gentian (Gentiana affinis)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California and Arizona.
Habitat: Damp soil and meadowlands, from the valleys and foothills to well up in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Rocky Mtn. gentian (Gentiana affinis)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California and Arizona.
Habitat: Damp soil and meadowlands, from the valleys and foothills to well up in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Samiland gentian (Comastoma tenellum)
Distribution: Known only from Okanogan County in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the northern Rocky Mountains; circumpolar.
Habitat: Alpine areas, typically where moist.
Origin: Native
Staff gentian (Gentiana sceptrum)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to northwest California.
Habitat: Bogs and wet places, especially along the coast, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Swamp gentian (Gentiana douglasiana)
Distribution: Narrow distribution in Cascade and Olympic Mountains of Washington; Alaska south to Washington.
Habitat: Bogs and tundra.
Origin: Native
Carolina geranium (Geranium carolinianum)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; ranging throughout nearly all of North America.
Habitat: Woodlands and waste places, tending to be weedy.
Origin: Native
Dovefoot geranium (Geranium molle)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, roadsides, moist ground in waste places and lawns.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Montane geranium (Geranium ibericum)
Origin: Introduced
Purple geranium (Geranium purpureum)
Origin: Introduced
Round-leaved geranium (Geranium rotundifolium)
Origin: Introduced
Spanish geranium (Geranium ibericum)
Origin: Introduced
Sticky geranium (Geranium oreganum)
Distribution: West of the Cascades in southwestern Washington; south to northern California.
Habitat: Meadows and woodlands.
Origin: Native
Sticky geranium (Geranium viscosissimum)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington, British Columbia south to California, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Moderately dry areas, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Sticky purple geranium (Geranium viscosissimum)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington, British Columbia south to California, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Moderately dry areas, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Western geranium (Geranium oreganum)
Distribution: West of the Cascades in southwestern Washington; south to northern California.
Habitat: Meadows and woodlands.
Origin: Native
White geranium (Geranium richardsonii)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to southern California and New Mexico.
Habitat: Mostly in partial shade, from the lowlands to well up in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Blue giant-hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)
Distribution: Eastern Washington; British Columbia east to Quebec, south to Wyoming and Kentucky.
Habitat: Disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Nettle-leaf giant-hyssop (Agastache urticifolia)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Dry open slopes and draws, foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Nettle-leaf giant-hyssop (Agastache urticifolia)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Dry open slopes and draws, foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Western giant-hyssop (Agastache occidentalis)
Distribution: East slopes of the Cascades, Chelan to Yakima Counties, Washington; south to Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, open, often rocky slopes at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Delicate gilia (Lathrocasis tenerrima)
Distribution: Known from Okanogan, Douglas, and Chelan counties in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah and Nevada.
Habitat: Rocky outcroppings, Ponderosa pine forest openings, and montane shrub-steppe communities.
Origin: Native
Small-flowered gilia (Microgilia minutiflora)
Origin: Native
Lott's gily-flower (Aliciella lottiae)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the south-central portion of Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Open, sandy areas in sagebrush-steppe at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Shy gily-flower (Gilia inconspicua)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho, Colorado, and New Mexico.
Habitat: Rocky and sandy open areas in sagebrush desert.
Origin: Native
Wild ginger (Asarum caudatum)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington except in central lowlands; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Moist, shady woods at low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Giraffehead (Lamium amplexicaule)
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; introduced and widespread in North America; Eurasia and North Africa.
Habitat: Weed in distrurbed areas, fields, lawns.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Yellow glandweed (Parentucellia viscosa)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; south-central U.S.
Habitat: Occasional in disturbed areas, often where seasonally moist, at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Mediterranean
Yellow glandweed (Parentucellia viscosa)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; south-central U.S.
Habitat: Occasional in disturbed areas, often where seasonally moist, at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Mediterranean
Glasswort (Sarcocornia perennis)
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to Baja California, also on Atlantic coast, Europe, and Mediterranean region.
Habitat: Salt marshes and beaches along coast.
Origin: Native
Woody glasswort (Sarcocornia perennis)
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to Baja California, also on Atlantic coast, Europe, and Mediterranean region.
Habitat: Salt marshes and beaches along coast.
Origin: Native
Woody saltwort glasswort (Sarcocornia perennis)
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to Baja California, also on Atlantic coast, Europe, and Mediterranean region.
Habitat: Salt marshes and beaches along coast.
Origin: Native
Western globeflower (Trollius albiflorus)
Distribution: Chiefly in the Olympics and Cascades mountains of Washington; British Columbia south to Washington, east to Montana, south to Colorado and Utah.
Habitat: Subalpine and alpine wet meadows and slopes, blooming as the snow recedes.
Origin: Native
Gooseberry-leaved globemallow (Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; south-central Washington to central Idaho, south to Utah and Nevada.
Habitat: Open desert to the lower levels of the mountains.
Origin: Native
Long-sepal globemallow (Iliamna longisepala)
Distribution: Kittitas County to Chelan and Douglas counties in Washington; endemic to Washington.
Habitat: From sagebrush to ponderosa pine areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Munro's globemallow (Sphaeralcea munroana)
Distribution: Widely distributed east of the Cascades in Washington; southeast British Columbia and Montana, south to California.
Habitat: Desert plains to open lower mountain slopes.
Origin: Native
Munro's globemallow (Sphaeralcea munroana)
Distribution: Widely distributed east of the Cascades in Washington; southeast British Columbia and Montana, south to California.
Habitat: Desert plains to open lower mountain slopes.
Origin: Native
White-stemmed globemallow (Sphaeralcea munroana)
Distribution: Widely distributed east of the Cascades in Washington; southeast British Columbia and Montana, south to California.
Habitat: Desert plains to open lower mountain slopes.
Origin: Native
White-stemmed globemallow (Sphaeralcea munroana)
Distribution: Widely distributed east of the Cascades in Washington; southeast British Columbia and Montana, south to California.
Habitat: Desert plains to open lower mountain slopes.
Origin: Native
Beach morning glory (Convolvulus soldanella)
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; British Columbia south to San Diego County, California.
Habitat: Coastal beaches and sand dunes, often extending down to the high tide level.
Origin: Native
Low glyceria (Glyceria declinata)
Origin: Introduced
Gnome-plant (Hemitomes congestum)
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia south to Monterey County, California.
Habitat: Rich humus in damp coniferous forests at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Spear leaf goat-chicory (Agoseris retrorsa)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Nevada, Utah, and Arizona.
Habitat: Shrub-steppe and ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Native
Tall goat-chicory (Agoseris elata)
Distribution: On both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to California.
Habitat: Meadows and open woods, from the valleys to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Hybrid goatsbeard (Tragopogon miscellus)
Origin: Native
Meadow goatsbeard (Tragopogon dubius)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Drier areas at low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Remarkable goatsbeard (Tragopogon mirus)
Distribution: Known only from one colony at Pullman, Washington, and another at nearby Palouse.
Habitat: Dry, open areas in the foothills.
Origin: Native
Woolly goatsbeard (Tragopogon floccosus)
Distribution: Known only from Whitman County in Washington.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, fields, roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Western goblin (Botrychium montanum)
Distribution: British Columbia to California, east to Montana
Origin: Native
Spring gold (Crocidium multicaule)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Dry, open areas at low elevations, especially shrub-steppe.
Origin: Native
Spring gold (Lomatium utriculatum)
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington;British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Low elevations; somewhat moist, open, often rocky areas.
Origin: Native
Northern golden-saxifrage (Chrysosplenium tetrandrum)
Distribution: In Washington known only from the north-central part of the state: Alaska south to Washington, east to Montana and Colorado in the U.S., east across Canada to the Atlantic Coast; circumpolar.
Habitat: Rock crevices and wet banks and slopes, high elevations in our area.
Origin: Native
Pacific golden-saxifrage (Chrysosplenium glechomifolium)
Distribution: West of the Cascades and mostly along the coast, British Columbia south to northwest California.
Habitat: Moist, usually swampy places, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Oregon goldenaster (Heterotheca oregona)
Distribution: British Columbia to California, east base of the Cascades to the coast.
Habitat: Sand and gravel bars along rivers, low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Spokane goldenaster (Heterotheca barbata)
Origin: Native
Cascade Canada goldenrod (Solidago elongata)
Origin: Native
Columbian heath goldenrod (Ericameria resinosa)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Basalt cliffs and rock crevices in the plains and foothills, extending up to 6000 feet on the east slope of the Cascades.
Origin: Native
Fragrant goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
Origin: Native
Grass leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
Origin: Native
Greene's heath goldenrod (Ericameria greenei)
Distribution: East of the Cascade crest in Washington; from northern Washington to California, and in the Wallowa Mountains of Oregon.
Habitat: Open or sparsely wooded slopes at rather high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Missouri goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)
Distribution: Southern British Columbia and western Washington, east to Ontario and Tennesee.
Habitat: Rather dry, open places, from the valleys and plains to fairly high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Northern goldenrod (Solidago multiradiata)
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado
Habitat: Mountain meadows and open slopes at high elevations
Origin: Native
Rabbitbush heath goldenrod (Ericameria bloomeri)
Distribution: Southern British Columbia and northeast Washington, south in the Cascades and the mountains of eastern Oregon to California.
Habitat: Dry, rocky slopes and open woods, from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Rocky Mountain goldenrod (Solidago multiradiata)
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado
Habitat: Mountain meadows and open slopes at high elevations
Origin: Native
West Coast goldenrod (Solidago elongata)
Origin: Native
Western goldenrod (Euthamia occidentalis)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains of the U.S.
Habitat: Low, ususally moist ground in the valleys and plains.
Origin: Native
Western goldentop (Euthamia occidentalis)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains of the U.S.
Habitat: Low, ususally moist ground in the valleys and plains.
Origin: Native
Columbia goldenweed (Ericameria resinosa)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Basalt cliffs and rock crevices in the plains and foothills, extending up to 6000 feet on the east slope of the Cascades.
Origin: Native
Greene's goldenweed (Ericameria greenei)
Distribution: East of the Cascade crest in Washington; from northern Washington to California, and in the Wallowa Mountains of Oregon.
Habitat: Open or sparsely wooded slopes at rather high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Hall's goldenweed (Columbiadoria hallii)
Distribution: Occurring in the south-central region of Washington; Washington south to Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, open or sparsely wooded slopes.
Origin: Native
Lyall's goldenweed (Tonestus lyallii)
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympics and Cascades mountains in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Alberta, south to Colorado.
Habitat: Mountain meadows and rocky slopes, alpine and subalpine.
Origin: Native
Narrowleaf goldenweed (Nestotus stenophyllus)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Dry, rocky soil, often with sagebrush.
Origin: Native
Palouse goldenweed (Pyrrocoma liatriformis)
Distribution: Occurring in the Palouse region of southeastern Washington.
Habitat: Grassy hillsides and prairies.
Origin: Native
Rabbitbrush goldenweed (Ericameria bloomeri)
Distribution: Southern British Columbia and northeast Washington, south in the Cascades and the mountains of eastern Oregon to California.
Habitat: Dry, rocky slopes and open woods, from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Coastal goldfields (Lasthenia minor)
Origin: Native
Maritime goldfields (Lasthenia maritima)
Distribution: Coastal southern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Rocky beaches.
Origin: Native
Seaside goldfields (Lasthenia maritima)
Distribution: Coastal southern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Rocky beaches.
Origin: Native
Smooth goldfields (Lasthenia glaberrima)
Distribution: West of the Cascades, southwest Washington south to central California.
Habitat: Wet or muddy ground at low elevations, including venral pools.
Origin: Native
Fern-leaf goldthread (Coptis aspleniifolia)
Distribution: Alaska to Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and in Whatcom, Jefferson and Snohomish Counties, Washington
Habitat: Moist woods and bogs
Origin: Native
Idaho goldthread (Coptis occidentalis)
Distribution: Northeast Washington and adjacent British Columbia, east to Idaho and Montana
Habitat: Moist woods
Origin: Native
Oregon goldthread (Coptis laciniata)
Distribution: Occurring in the southwestern region of Washington; Washington south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Goose-grass (Galium aparine)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Variety of habitats, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Bristly black gooseberry (Ribes lacustre)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; Alaska south to California, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist woods and streambanks to drier forest slopes at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Desert gooseberry (Ribes velutinum)
Distribution: Occurring in the southeastern corner of Washington; Washington south to California, east to Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona.
Habitat: Open areas in sagebrush-steppe and Ponderosa pine forests.
Origin: Native
Goodding's gooseberry (Ribes velutinum)
Distribution: Occurring in the southeastern corner of Washington; Washington south to California, east to Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona.
Habitat: Open areas in sagebrush-steppe and Ponderosa pine forests.
Origin: Native
Gummy gooseberry (Ribes lobbii)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington, but occasionally found to the coast; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Lowland valleys to open forests at moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Lobb's gooseberry (Ribes lobbii)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington, but occasionally found to the coast; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Lowland valleys to open forests at moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Mount Adams gooseberry (Ribes watsonianum)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Alberta.
Habitat: Forest openings in canyons and on ridges, mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Mountain gooseberry (Ribes montigenum)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Subalpine to alpine ridges, talus slopes and rock crevices.
Origin: Native
Oregon gooseberry (Ribes lobbii)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington, but occasionally found to the coast; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Lowland valleys to open forests at moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Snake River gooseberry (Ribes niveum)
Distribution: Occurring in the southeastern corner of Washington; Washington south to Oregon and Nevada, east to Idaho and Colorado.
Habitat: Usually in thickets along streams, but somedtimes on open hllsides.
Origin: Native
Snow gooseberry (Ribes niveum)
Distribution: Occurring in the southeastern corner of Washington; Washington south to Oregon and Nevada, east to Idaho and Colorado.
Habitat: Usually in thickets along streams, but somedtimes on open hllsides.
Origin: Native
Spring gooseberry (Ribes watsonianum)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Alberta.
Habitat: Forest openings in canyons and on ridges, mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Swamp gooseberry (Ribes lacustre)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; Alaska south to California, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist woods and streambanks to drier forest slopes at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Wastson gooseberry (Ribes watsonianum)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Alberta.
Habitat: Forest openings in canyons and on ridges, mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Western prickly gooseberry (Ribes montigenum)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Subalpine to alpine ridges, talus slopes and rock crevices.
Origin: Native
Clammy goosefoot (Dysphania pumilio)
Distribution: Introduced over much of the United States.
Habitat: Sandy or gravelly soiles, waste areas.
Origin: Introduced from Australia
Clammy goosefoot (Dysphania pumilio)
Distribution: Introduced over much of the United States.
Habitat: Sandy or gravelly soiles, waste areas.
Origin: Introduced from Australia
Desert goosefoot (Chenopodium pratericola)
Origin: Native
Fremont's goosefoot (Chenopodium fremontii)
Origin: Native
Giant goosefoot (Chenopodium simplex)
Distribution: Introduced in much of North America; British Columbia to California in the West.
Habitat: Weed of roadsides and waste areas.
Origin: Native
Hians goosefoot (Chenopodium hians)
Origin: Native
Hybrid goosefoot (Chenopodium ×schulzeanum)
Origin: Native
Jerusalem oak goosefoot (Dysphania botrys)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Weed of roadsides, waste areas and streambanks.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Large seed goosefoot (Chenopodium macrospermum)
Origin: Introduced from South America
Leafy goosefoot (Chenopodium foliosum)
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Low goosefoot (Chenopodium chenopodioides)
Origin: Introduced from South America
Maple leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium simplex)
Distribution: Introduced in much of North America; British Columbia to California in the West.
Habitat: Weed of roadsides and waste areas.
Origin: Native
Narrowleaf goosefoot (Chenopodium desiccatum)
Origin: Native
Narrowleaf goosefoot (Chenopodium leptophyllum)
Distribution: East side of the Cascades, British Columbia to Baja California, east to the Mississippi Valley.
Habitat: Deserts and dry grasslands.
Origin: Native
Narrowleaf goosefoot (Chenopodium pratericola)
Origin: Native
Nettleleaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale)
Distribution: Introduced throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Pinyon goosefoot (Chenopodium atrovirens)
Origin: Native
Red goosefoot (Chenopodium chenopodioides)
Origin: Introduced from South America
Smooth goosefoot (Chenopodium subglabrum)
Origin: Native
Wall goosefoot (Chenopodium murale)
Distribution: Introduced throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
White goosefoot (Chenopodium strictum)
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Goosegrass (Eleusine indica)
Distribution: Uncommon weed in western Oregon; more common in California and eastern United States.
Habitat: Waste ground and roadsides.
Origin: Introduced from Africa
Common gorse (Ulex europaeus)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; also in the eastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas at low elevation, often near or along roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Bishop's goutweed (Aegopodium podagraria)
Distribution: Introduced in the Pacific Northwest and much of eastern United States
Habitat: Shady and waste places; a tenacious garden weed
Origin: Introduced. Native to Eurasia.
European grape (Vitis vinifera)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
River-bank grape (Vitis riparia)
Origin: Introduced from E. US
Garden grape-hyacinth (Muscari armeniacum)
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Grape-hyacinth (Muscari neglectum)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Common grapefern (Botrychium virginianum)
Distribution: Throughout the United States and Canada; chiefly in southern British Columbia and northern Idaho in the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Moist woods and thickets, seldom in meadows, valleys to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Lance-leaved grapefern (Botrychium lanceolatum)
Distribution: Circumboreal, extending south to southern Washington and Pennsylvania
Habitat: Moist or wet places in the mountains, occasionally to high elevations
Origin: Native
Leathery grapefern (Sceptridium multifidum)
Origin: Native
Leathery grapefern (Sceptridium multifidum)
Origin: Native
Narrow-leaf grapefern (Botrychium lineare)
Origin: Native
Virginia grapefern (Botrychium virginianum)
Distribution: Throughout the United States and Canada; chiefly in southern British Columbia and northern Idaho in the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Moist woods and thickets, seldom in meadows, valleys to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Alaska blue grass (Poa paucispicula)
Origin: Native
Alaska blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium littorale)
Origin: Native
Alkaline grass (Distichlis spicata)
Distribution: Vancouver Island, British Columbia, south to California; also along the east coast of the United States from Canada to Florida and Texas.
Habitat: Coastal beaches and salt marshes.
Origin: Native
American slough grass (Beckmannia syzigachne)
Distribution: Alaska to California, east from the coast to Manitoba and the Great Lakes region
Habitat: Pond margins, marshes and ditches at low elevations
Origin: Native
Annual blue grass (Poa annua)
Distribution: Common weed throughout the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Lawns, gardens, roadsides, and waste ground to open woods.
Origin: Introduced
Annual false wheat grass (Eremopyrum triticeum)
Distribution: British Columbia south to Arizona, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Dry wasteland, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Annual hair grass (Deschampsia danthonioides)
Origin: Native
Annual rabbit's-foot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Wet to dry waste areas, including vernal pools where the water is brackish.
Origin: Introduced
Arctic-hair grass (Vahlodea atropurpurea)
Distribution: Alaska south to the high mountains of California, east to Newfoundland and New Hamshire.
Habitat: Mountain meadows, streambanks, and lake margins to alpine ridges.
Origin: Native
Awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona)
Origin: Introduced from the tropics
Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli)
Distribution: Found throughout southern Canada and most of the United States.
Habitat: Cultivted fields and wasteland, usually where moist, especially along irrigation ditches.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Bearded melic grass (Melica aristata)
Origin: Native
Beardless lyme grass (Leymus triticoides)
Origin: Native
Beardless rabbit's-foot grass (Polypogon viridis)
Origin: Introduced
Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon)
Distribution: Common in the warmer portion of the United States, California to Florida; occasional in the Pacific Northwet.
Habitat: A weed of lawns, partures and railroad tracks.
Origin: Introduced
Blowout grass (Redfieldia flexuosa)
Origin: Introduced from central United States
Bolander's blue grass (Poa bolanderi)
Origin: Native
Bristly dog's-tail grass (Cynosurus echinatus)
Distribution: Introduced in southwest British Columba and Oregon\'s Wilamette Valley, south into California; more common in central and eastern United States.
Habitat: Weed of waste places.
Origin: Introduced
California sweet grass (Anthoxanthum occidentale)
Origin: Native
Cascade reed grass (Calamagrostis tweedyi)
Distribution: Wenatchee Mountains, Chelan and Kittitas County, Washington, and Idaho County, Idaho
Habitat: Moist meadows and subalpine slopes, usually in timber
Origin: Native
Cheat grass (Bromus tectorum)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades,Alaska south to Baja California, east to Maine and Texas.
Habitat: Waste or disturbed areas, especially common on overgrazed land.
Origin: Introduced
Chilean rabbit's-foot grass (Polypogon australis)
Origin: Introduced
Coastal salt grass (Distichlis spicata)
Distribution: Vancouver Island, British Columbia, south to California; also along the east coast of the United States from Canada to Florida and Texas.
Habitat: Coastal beaches and salt marshes.
Origin: Native
Coastline blue grass (Poa confinis)
Distribution: VAncouver Island, British Columbia, south along the coast to San Francisco, California.
Habitat: Coastal sand dunes.
Origin: Native
Common canary grass (Phalaris canariensis)
Origin: Introduced
Common hard grass (Sclerochloa dura)
Distribution: Sparingly introduced in much of western United States; established in eastern Washington and Oregon.
Habitat: Weed of waste areas.
Origin: Introduced
Common velvet grass (Holcus lanatus)
Distribution: Widely introduced in Canada and the United States, more common west of the Cascades in Washington.
Habitat: Roadsides, lawns, waste ground to open woods in the lower mountains.
Origin: Introduced
Ditch rabbit's-foot grass (Polypogon interruptus)
Origin: Native
Dwarf alkali grass (Puccinellia pumila)
Origin: Native
Early silver-hair grass (Aira praecox)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; Nova Scotia south to Virginia in eastern North America.
Habitat: Gravelly prairies, sea bluffs and dunes near the coast, also in other disturbed, open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Eurasian quack grass (Thinopyrum ponticum)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in the southern portion of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the central portion of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including roadsides, wastelots, and agricultural fields.
Origin: Introduced
European alkali grass (Puccinellia distans)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades in Washington; North-central British Columbia south, chiefly east of the Cascades, to California, east through most of Canada and to the east base of the Rockies.
Habitat: Moist soil, especially where alkaline.
Origin: Introduced
Fern grass (Desmazeria rigida)
Origin: Introduced
Fiddle grass (Epilobium hirsutum)
Distribution: Introduced occasionally west of the Cascades and near Bingen in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon; upper central and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Garden escape in wet areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flat-stem blue grass (Poa compressa)
Distribution: Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to most of the United States; common in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Waste ground, roadsides, and gardens to open woods and meadows, usually where moist.
Origin: Introduced
Fowl blue grass (Poa palustris)
Distribution: Introduced and widely distributed through Alaska and Canada, south to northern California and Virginia.
Habitat: Sea level to open meadows and forested areas in the mountains, always where moist.
Origin: Introduced
Fowl manna grass (Glyceria striata)
Distribution: Alaska south to northern California, east to Newfoundland and Florida.
Habitat: Wet places, bogs, and mountain meadows.
Origin: Native
Golden-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium californicum)
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; southern Vancouver Island, B.C, south to southern California.
Habitat: Wet ground, especially at the edges of lakes and bogs, at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Gray club-awn grass (Corynephorus canescens)
Origin: Introduced
Great Basin lyme grass (Leymus cinereus)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; central and western North America.
Habitat: Sagebrush-steppe, arid grasslands, forest edges, and other dry, open areas in the intermountain west.
Origin: Native
Harford's melic grass (Melica harfordii)
Origin: Native
Henderson's rice grass (Achnatherum hendersonii)
Distribution: Yakima and Kittitas counties in Washington; south to Jefferson County, Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, rocky, shallow soil, in sagebrush or ponderosa pine.
Origin: Native
Hooker's blue grass (Poa nervosa)
Origin: Native
Howell's blue grass (Poa howellii)
Origin: Native
Howell's reed grass (Calamagrostis howellii)
Origin: Native
Indian rice grass (Achnatherum hymenoides)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Alberta and the Dakotas and Texas.
Habitat: Grasslands, desert plains, and foothills, especially on rocky or sandy soil.
Origin: Native
Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense)
Distribution: Introduced and established in much of the United States; rarely persistent in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Waste ground, especially where moist.
Origin: Introduced from Mediterranean
Jointed goat grass (Aegilops cylindrica)
Distribution: A weedy plant from Europe, introduced in much of western United States.
Habitat: Waste ground and roadsides; a troublesome weed in wheat.
Origin: Introduced from S. Europe
Leiberg's blue grass (Poa leibergii)
Origin: Native
Lemmon's alkali grass (Puccinellia lemmonii)
Origin: Native
Letterman's blue grass (Poa lettermanii)
Origin: Native
Little mountain blue grass (Poa curtifolia)
Origin: Native
Little quaking grass (Briza minor)
Distribution: Well established in Eastern North America; occasional on the West coast.
Habitat: Dry waste areas.
Origin: Introduced from the Mediterranean region
Loose-flower blue grass (Poa laxiflora)
Distribution: Southern Alaska south to the Olympic Peninsula of Washington and Multnomah, Clackamus and Benton Counties, Oregon.
Habitat: Moist woods to rocky, open slopes, from near sea level to lower elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Mammoth lyme grass (Leymus racemosus)
Origin: Introduced
Marsh blue grass (Poa leptocoma)
Origin: Native
Meadow rye grass (Schedonorus pratensis)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered localities on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Meadows, pastures, roadsides, and other disturbed areas, often where moist
Origin: Introduced
Mediterranean canary grass (Phalaris paradoxa)
Origin: Introduced
Moss grass (Coleanthus subtilis)
Origin: Native
Nodding false semaphore grass (Pleuropogon refractus)
Distribution: Southern British Columbia south in both the Southern British Columbia south in both the Olympics and Cascades of Washington, and the Cascades and coastal mountain of Oregon, to Mendocino County, California.
Habitat: Bogs, stream banks, swampy meadows,and moist, shaded woods, from near sea level toabout 5000 feet elevation in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Nootka alkali grass (Puccinellia nutkaensis)
Origin: Native
Nootka reed grass (Calamagrostis nutkaensis)
Origin: Native
Northern blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium septentrionale)
Distribution: Occurring in northeastern Washington; British Columbia east to Saskatchewan, south into northern Washington.
Habitat: Mesic to dry meadows and stream banks.
Origin: Native
Northwestern manna grass (Glyceria ×occidentalis)
Origin: Native
Nuttall's alkali grass (Puccinellia nuttalliana)
Origin: Native
One-and-a-half-flower reed grass (Calamagrostis sesquiflora)
Origin: Native
Onion grass (Melica bulbosa)
Origin: Native
Or large barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli)
Distribution: Found throughout southern Canada and most of the United States.
Habitat: Cultivted fields and wasteland, usually where moist, especially along irrigation ditches.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata)
Distribution: Distributed widely throughout Washington; distributed widely throughout North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas such as meadows, fields, roadsides, and forest edges; common forage plant; also planted in logged areas in the mountains.
Origin: Introduced
Pale grass (Sisyrinchium sarmentosum)
Distribution: In the Cascade Mountains of Washington and Oregon near the Columbia River Gorge.
Habitat: Moist, grassy areas.
Origin: Native
Pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana)
Distribution: Occurring in several counties west of the Cascades crest; Washington to California, in scattered states eastward to Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed, open soil of wastelots, abandoned fields, and roadsides at low elevations, often near coast.
Origin: Introduced from central South America
Pineland reed grass (Calamagrostis koelerioides)
Origin: Native
Prairie Koeler's grass (Koeleria macrantha)
Distribution: British Columbia south to northern Mexico, east to Ontario and Deleware.
Habitat: Sagebrush deserts, prairies, and open forests to subalpine ridges, mostly on sandy to rocky soil.
Origin: Native
Purple moor grass (Molinia caerulea)
Distribution: Known from a single locality in King County where it is persistent; occurring in scattered locations throughout North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas at low elevation near the coast.
Origin: Introduced
Purple pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata)
Distribution: Occurring in lowland western Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Disturbed, open areas at low elevation
Origin: Introduced from northern South America
Rat-tail six-weeks grass (Vulpia myuros)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; occurring throughout most of North America except for the Great Plains and eastern Canada.
Habitat: A weedy species of waste places and dry, overgrazed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Wet places, usually where disturbed, especially along roads, streambanks, and open fields.
Origin: Introduced
Rice cut grass (Leersia oryzoides)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia east to the Atlantic Coast, south throughout the U.S.
Habitat: Wet places, often in fairly deep water.
Origin: Native
Richardson's rice grass (Achnatherum richardsonii)
Origin: Native
Ripgut grass (Bromus diandrus)
Distribution: Introduced from British Columbia to Baja California, mostly west of the Cascades in Washington, but east to Idaho and Colorado.
Habitat: A weed of waste ground and along highways and railroads.
Origin: Introduced
Rough-stalk blue grass (Poa trivialis)
Origin: Introduced
Sand lyme grass (Leymus flavescens)
Origin: Native
Sand-dune blue grass (Poa macrantha)
Distribution: Southern Vancouver Island and the islands of Puget Sound, south along the coast to Mendocino County, California.
Habitat: Chiefly on sand dunes.
Origin: Native
Scribner's grass (Scribneria bolanderi)
Origin: Native
Shining alkali grass (Puccinellia nutkaensis)
Origin: Native
Shore grass (Sisyrinchium littorale)
Origin: Native
Showy melic grass (Melica spectabilis)
Distribution: Southern British Columbia south to northern California chiefly east of the Caascade crest, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Usually in moist, loamy soil in meadows and open parks in mountain forests, but also dry to wet meadowlands and open forests to subalpine ridges.
Origin: Native
Six-weeks love grass (Eragrostis lutescens)
Origin: Native
Slender hair grass (Deschampsia elongata)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Alberta, Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Moist sandy or gravelly banks and slopes, and borders of streams and lakes.
Origin: Native
Slender-spike manna grass (Glyceria leptostachya)
Origin: Native
Small floating manna grass (Glyceria borealis)
Distribution: Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to California and New Mexico.
Habitat: Swamps, wet meadows, and stream margins, often growing in 1-3 feet of water.
Origin: Native
Small melic grass (Melica fugax)
Origin: Native
Smith's melic grass (Melica smithii)
Distribution: Slouthern British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Alberta and Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist woods.
Origin: Native
Suksdorf's blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium sarmentosum)
Distribution: In the Cascade Mountains of Washington and Oregon near the Columbia River Gorge.
Habitat: Moist, grassy areas.
Origin: Native
Tall rye grass (Schedonorus arundinaceus)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Meadowlands, fallow fields an ditch banks.
Origin: Introduced
Teal love grass (Eragrostis hypnoides)
Distribution: In Washington, chiefly west of the Cascades, and along the Columbia and Snake Rivers; widespread in central and eastern United States.
Habitat: Mud flats along streams, ponds and lakes.
Origin: Native
Thurber's rice grass (Achnatherum thurberianum)
Origin: Native
Western blue grass (Poa suksdorfii)
Origin: Native
Western-wheat grass (Pascopyrum smithii)
Origin: Native
Wheeler's blue grass (Poa wheeleri)
Origin: Native
White-grain mountain-rice grass (Oryzopsis asperifolia)
Distribution: British Columbia east to Newfoundland, south to Maine and Montana and the northeast portion of Washington.
Habitat: Open coniferous woods.
Origin: Native
Withered blue grass (Poa marcida)
Origin: Native
Woods blue grass (Poa interior)
Origin: Native
Fringed Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia fimbriata)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta, Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Bogs, stream banks and wet meadows, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia palustris)
Distribution: Primarily west of the Cascades in Washington on the Olympic Peninsula and southwestern counties; Arctic America south to Minnesota and British Columbia, in the Rocky Mountains to Colorado and in parts of the Sierra Nevada in California.
Habitat: Arctic tundra to moist, shaded areas in the mountains, where usually along streams or around springs.
Origin: Native
Kotzebue's Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia kotzebuei)
Distribution: Known only from Okanogan and Chelan counties in Washington; Arctic Alaska south to Chelan County, WA, east across northern Canada to Labrador, east in the U.S. to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist subalpine meadows, cliff faces, and ledges, often in boggy soil.
Origin: Native
Northern grass-of-parnassus (Parnassia palustris)
Distribution: Primarily west of the Cascades in Washington on the Olympic Peninsula and southwestern counties; Arctic America south to Minnesota and British Columbia, in the Rocky Mountains to Colorado and in parts of the Sierra Nevada in California.
Habitat: Arctic tundra to moist, shaded areas in the mountains, where usually along streams or around springs.
Origin: Native
Small-flowered Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia parviflora)
Origin: Native
Western grasswort (Lilaeopsis occidentalis)
Distribution: Southern Vancouver Island to California, including the Puget Sound region.
Habitat: Marshes, salt flats, muddy or sandy beaches and shores along and near the coast
Origin: Native
Greasewood (Sarcobatus vermiculatus)
Distribution: East of the Cascade in Washington; Washington south to California, east to the Dakotas, south to Colorado.
Habitat: Saline or alkaline, usually heavy soils of the drier regions.
Origin: Native
Umpqua green-gentian (Frasera fastigiata)
Distribution: In the Blue Mountains of Washington; Oregon, east to northeast Idaho.
Habitat: Moist woods and meadowlands.
Origin: Native
Dyer's greenweed (Genista tinctoria)
Origin: Introduced
Corn gromwell (Buglossoides arvensis)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Corn gromwell (Buglossoides arvensis)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Field gromwell (Buglossoides arvensis)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Field gromwell (Buglossoides arvensis)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Western gromwell (Lithospermum ruderale)
Distribution: Common east of the Cascades in southern British Columbia, Washington and Oregon
Habitat: Shrub-steppe to open, dry areas in the mountains at mid-elevations
Origin: Native
Tall hairy grooveburr (Agrimonia gryposepala)
Origin: Native
Gill over the ground (Glechoma hederacea)
Distribution: Occurring in locations throughout Washington; introduced thoughout nearly all of North America.
Habitat: Moist woods and thickets, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Ground-cherry (Physalis longifolia)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; occurring throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Weed of cultivated fields and waste places.
Origin: Introduced
Long-leaved ground-cherry (Physalis longifolia)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; occurring throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Weed of cultivated fields and waste places.
Origin: Introduced
Prairie ground-cherry (Physalis hispida)
Origin: ?
Alpine clubmoss ground-pine (Lycopodium alpinum)
Distribution: Alaska to northern Washington, east to northern Idaho and northwest Montana.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, dry heath meadows, and open conifer forests at high elevations. In Washington, often found associated with Phyllodoce, Cassiope, and Vaccinium in dry heath soils.
Origin: Native
Ground-pine (Lycopodium alpinum)
Distribution: Alaska to northern Washington, east to northern Idaho and northwest Montana.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, dry heath meadows, and open conifer forests at high elevations. In Washington, often found associated with Phyllodoce, Cassiope, and Vaccinium in dry heath soils.
Origin: Native
One-cone ground-pine (Lycopodium lagopus)
Origin: Native
Trailing ground-pine (Lycopodium complanatum)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, primarily in the northern half of the state; Alaska south to Washington, Idaho and Montana, east across Canada and the northern U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist to dry, usually coniferous forests, rocky slopes and sandy openings, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Tree ground-pine (Lycopodium dendroideum)
Distribution: Widespread across boreal forests of North America, south to northern Washington, Idaho, Montana, Colorado, and NE U.S. Also found in Asia. In Washington, known from scattered locations in the west Cascades and in Pend Oreille county.
Habitat: Woodlands and open brushy areas. In Washington, found mostly among rock or talus with thick moss or duff layers, often under brush or on edges of forest. At mid elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Small groundcone (Kopsiopsis hookeri)
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington along the Puget Sound and outer coasts; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Myco-heterotrophic on Gaultheria shallon, which occurs primarily in forest understories, along forest edges, and in forest and meadow openings at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Small groundcone (Kopsiopsis hookeri)
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington along the Puget Sound and outer coasts; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Myco-heterotrophic on Gaultheria shallon, which occurs primarily in forest understories, along forest edges, and in forest and meadow openings at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Vancouver groundcone (Kopsiopsis hookeri)
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington along the Puget Sound and outer coasts; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Myco-heterotrophic on Gaultheria shallon, which occurs primarily in forest understories, along forest edges, and in forest and meadow openings at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Vancouver groundcone (Kopsiopsis hookeri)
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington along the Puget Sound and outer coasts; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Myco-heterotrophic on Gaultheria shallon, which occurs primarily in forest understories, along forest edges, and in forest and meadow openings at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Groundivy (Glechoma hederacea)
Distribution: Occurring in locations throughout Washington; introduced thoughout nearly all of North America.
Habitat: Moist woods and thickets, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Arrowleaf groundsel (Senecio triangularis)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist places and streambanks, moderate to high elevations in the mountains, and low elvations west of the Cascades.
Origin: Native
Balsam groundsel (Packera paupercula)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon and New Mexico, east to Labrador and Virginia.
Habitat: Meadows, moist cilffs and woods, foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Balsam groundsel (Packera paupercula)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon and New Mexico, east to Labrador and Virginia.
Habitat: Meadows, moist cilffs and woods, foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Black-tipped groundsel (Senecio lugens)
Distribution: Alaska and Yukon, south to the Olympic Mountains and the northern mountains in Wyoming; reported in Okanogan County, but otherwise not known in the Cascades.
Habitat: Wet meadows, grassy alpine slopes and rich northern woods.
Origin: Native
Cleftleaf groundsel (Packera streptanthifolia)
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado
Habitat: Moist to moderately dry open areas and woods, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Cleftleaf groundsel (Packera streptanthifolia)
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado
Habitat: Moist to moderately dry open areas and woods, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)
Distribution: Introduced throughout the United States; common west of the Cascades in the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Roadsides, waste ground
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Dwarf arctic groundsel (Packera cymbalaria)
Distribution: Alaska to Newfoundland, south to central Washington and Montana; Eurasia.
Habitat: Open, rocky areas in the high mountains.
Origin: Native
Elegant groundsel (Packera indecora)
Distribution: Alaska to Washington, east to Montana
Habitat: Uncommon in moist woods and on stream banks, moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flett's groundsel (Packera flettii)
Distribution: From the foothills to the tops of the Olympic Mountains in Washington, and also at high elevations in the Cascades in the vicinity of Mount Rainier.
Habitat: Open, rocky places, especilly on talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Long rayed groundsel (Packera macounii)
Distribution: West of the Cascades, British Columbia to southern Oregon, mostly in the Puget Trough.
Habitat: Open woods and dry, open places.
Origin: Native
Macoun's groundsel (Packera macounii)
Distribution: West of the Cascades, British Columbia to southern Oregon, mostly in the Puget Trough.
Habitat: Open woods and dry, open places.
Origin: Native
Porter's groundsel (Packera porteri)
Origin: Native
Rayless alpine groundsel (Packera pauciflora)
Distribution: Alaska, east across Canada to Labrador, south to northern Washington and Idaho.
Habitat: Alpine and sub-alpine meadows and moist cliffs.
Origin: Native
Rayless mountain groundsel (Packera indecora)
Distribution: Alaska to Washington, east to Montana
Habitat: Uncommon in moist woods and on stream banks, moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Rocky Mountain groundsel (Packera streptanthifolia)
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado
Habitat: Moist to moderately dry open areas and woods, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Rocky Mountain groundsel (Packera streptanthifolia)
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado
Habitat: Moist to moderately dry open areas and woods, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Stout meadow groundsel (Senecio hydrophiloides)
Distribution: East of the Cascades, Okanogan County and adjacent British Columbia, south to eastern Oregon and east to western Montana.
Habitat: Wet meadows in the mountains and foothills, but not in alkali.
Origin: Native
Water groundsel (Senecio hydrophilus)
Distribution: East of the Cascades, British Columbia to California, east to South Dakota and Colorado.
Habitat: Swampy places in the valleys and foothills; tolerant of alkali.
Origin: Native
Wood groundsel (Senecio sylvaticus)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Woodland groundsel (Senecio sylvaticus)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Woolly groundsel (Packera cana)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Saskatchewan and Nebraska.
Habitat: Dry, open, often rocky places, from the foothills to above timberline.
Origin: Native
Black-foot groundsmoke (Gayophytum racemosum)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascade in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Open slopes, often where moist early, from the foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Deceptive groundsmoke (Gayophytum decipiens)
Origin: Native
Dwarf groundsmoke (Gayophytum humile)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widespread in western North America; also known from South America.
Habitat: Open areas at low to middle elevations where soil is seasonally wet.
Origin: Native
Pinyon groundsmoke (Gayophytum ramosissimum)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California and Arizona, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Dry foothills and valleys to the lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Racemose groundsmoke (Gayophytum racemosum)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascade in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Open slopes, often where moist early, from the foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Zigzag groundsmoke (Gayophytum heterozygum)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Nevada.
Habitat: Forest openings at low to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Grouseberry (Vaccinium scoparium)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Open, dry forests, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Little gruvelia (Gruvelia pusilla)
Distribution: East of the Cascades crest in Chelan and Klickitat counties in Washington; Washington, south to California, introduced and disjunct in Chile.
Habitat: Dry, open places at lower elevations.
Origin: Native
Guaco (Peritoma serrulata)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America except Alaska and southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Sagebrush deserts and Ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Native
Columbia gumplant (Grindelia hirsutula)
Distribution: From the coast to mid elevations; both sides of the Cascades in Washington. British Columbia south to California, east to New York and Quebec.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, forest openings, alluvial areas, disturbed sites.
Origin: Native
Oregon gumplant (Grindelia hirsutula)
Distribution: From the coast to mid elevations; both sides of the Cascades in Washington. British Columbia south to California, east to New York and Quebec.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, forest openings, alluvial areas, disturbed sites.
Origin: Native
Puget Sound gumplant (Grindelia integrifolia)
Distribution: British Columbia to northern California, along the coast, and in the Puget Trough as far south as the head of Willamette Valley.
Habitat: Salt marshes and rocky shores along the coast, and various non-maritime habitats in the Puget Trough.
Origin: Native
Coastal gumweed (Grindelia hirsutula)
Distribution: From the coast to mid elevations; both sides of the Cascades in Washington. British Columbia south to California, east to New York and Quebec.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, forest openings, alluvial areas, disturbed sites.
Origin: Native
Columbia gumweed (Grindelia hirsutula)
Distribution: From the coast to mid elevations; both sides of the Cascades in Washington. British Columbia south to California, east to New York and Quebec.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, forest openings, alluvial areas, disturbed sites.
Origin: Native
Curlycup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east across southern Canada and most of the United States to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Dry, open, often sandy places, at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Gumweed (Grindelia hirsutula)
Distribution: From the coast to mid elevations; both sides of the Cascades in Washington. British Columbia south to California, east to New York and Quebec.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, forest openings, alluvial areas, disturbed sites.
Origin: Native
Idaho gumweed (Grindelia hirsutula)
Distribution: From the coast to mid elevations; both sides of the Cascades in Washington. British Columbia south to California, east to New York and Quebec.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, forest openings, alluvial areas, disturbed sites.
Origin: Native
Low gumweed (Grindelia hirsutula)
Distribution: From the coast to mid elevations; both sides of the Cascades in Washington. British Columbia south to California, east to New York and Quebec.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, forest openings, alluvial areas, disturbed sites.
Origin: Native
Puget Sound gumweed (Grindelia integrifolia)
Distribution: British Columbia to northern California, along the coast, and in the Puget Trough as far south as the head of Willamette Valley.
Habitat: Salt marshes and rocky shores along the coast, and various non-maritime habitats in the Puget Trough.
Origin: Native
Willamette Valley gumweed (Grindelia integrifolia)
Distribution: British Columbia to northern California, along the coast, and in the Puget Trough as far south as the head of Willamette Valley.
Habitat: Salt marshes and rocky shores along the coast, and various non-maritime habitats in the Puget Trough.
Origin: Native