Vascular Plants

Includes all flowering plants, conifers, ferns and fern-allies.

Browse by common name:
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Common names beginning with V:
Downy-fruit valerian (Valeriana acutiloba)
Origin: Native
Edible valerian (Valeriana edulis)
Distribution: Occurring in the eastern region of Washington; Southern British Columbia south into Washington, Idaho, and Montana, east to Ontario and Ohio.
Habitat: A wide variety of open, somewhat moist habitats, from the foothills to rather high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Scouler's valerian (Valeriana scouleri)
Distribution: Mostly west of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California
Habitat: Wet meadows and moist woods, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Sitka valerian (Valeriana sitchensis)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Common in moist areas at mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Small-flower valerian (Valeriana occidentalis)
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Wenatchee valerian (Valeriana columbiana)
Distribution: Wenatchee Mountains and Cle Elum Ridge, east slope of the Cascades, in Washington
Habitat: Rocky, open slopes, often on basalt, at mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Western valerian (Valeriana occidentalis)
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Woodland valerian (Valeriana dioica)
Distribution: British Columbia to Nova Scotia in Canada, south to northwest Washington, central Idaho and northwest Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist places in the mountains, often in wet meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Valley-tassels (Castilleja attenuata)
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California and Arizona.
Habitat: Drier areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Vanillagrass (Hierochloe odorata)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations across Washington; Alaska south to Washington, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Wet meadows and marshes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Vanillaleaf (Achlys triphylla)
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Moist areas in deep woods to forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Vaseflower (Clematis hirsutissima)
Distribution: Occurring in only a few counties in central and eastern Washington; Washington south to Oregon, east to Montana, south to Arizona and New Mexico.
Habitat: Meadows, grasslands, and forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Velvet weed (Oenothera curtiflora)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Open, sandy, rocky, often disturbed places.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-September
Creeping velvet-grass (Holcus mollis)
Origin: Introduced
Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti)
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; introduced noxious weed, common in eastern United States, uncommon in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Rich, moist soils in gardens, cultivated fields and waste areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July-August
Velvetweed (Oenothera curtiflora)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Open, sandy, rocky, often disturbed places.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-September
Ventenata (Ventenata dubia)
Distribution: Chiefly in the eastern portion of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, pastures, crop land, and other disturbed sites.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-July
Clasping-leaf Venus'-looking-glass (Triodanis perfoliata)
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; throughout much of the United States and adjacent areas of Canada and Mexico.
Habitat: Various habitats, from the valleys and plains to moderate elevations in the moutains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Blue verbena (Verbena hastata)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Marshes, wetlands, streamsides, and other riparian areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
White sand verbena (Abronia mellifera)
Distribution: Distributed east of the Cascades in Washington in the Columbia Basin and along the Snake River; north-central Oregon, southeastern Oregon and adjacent Idaho, southeastern Idaho and adjacent Wyoming.
Habitat: Dunes and sandy soil at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Annual vernalgrass (Anthoxanthum aristatum)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; eastern half of North America.
Habitat: Meadows, grasslands, forest openings, and other disturbed, open areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Sweet vernalgrass (Anthoxanthum odoratum)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, widely distributed throughout the eastern half of North America.
Habitat: Lawns, pastures and wasteland, usually where moist.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-July
Carpet vervain (Verbena bracteata)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Disturbed open areas in natural and impacted settings including roadsides and waste lots.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
European vervain (Verbena officinalis)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)
Distribution: Occurring in the northeastern region of Washington; widely distributed throughout much of the U.S. and northeastern Canada.
Habitat: Roadsides and other dry, open places.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Purpletop vervain (Verbena bonariensis)
Origin: Introduced
Vervain (Verbena officinalis)
Origin: Introduced from Europe
American vetch (Vicia americana)
Distribution: Widely distributed througout much of Washington; widely distributed throughout most of North America except the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Forest openings from low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Bird vetch (Vicia cracca)
Distribution: Introduced and widely naturalized in eastern United States; occasional in the Rocky Mountains and westward.
Habitat: Waste land, roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Common vetch (Vicia sativa)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, but more common on the west side; widely distributed throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, yards and roadsides at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-July
Crown vetch (Securigera varia)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including wastelots, roadsides, and fields.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Field milk vetch (Astragalus agrestis)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed in the western, central, and northeastern regions of North America.
Habitat: Moist spots in sagebrush plains, and mountain meadows to alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Giant vetch (Vicia nigricans)
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; coastal from Alaska to California, inland to the Willamette Valley in Oregon.
Habitat: Near streams or forest clearings at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Hairy vetch (Vicia hirsuta)
Distribution: Introduced and fairly common in western Washington and Oregon
Habitat: Disturbed ground, gardens, low elevations
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; distributed widely throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed meadows, grasslands, prairies, roadsides and other open areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-September
Hungarian vetch (Vicia pannonica)
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - June
John Day milk vetch (Astragalus diaphanus)
Distribution: Along the Columbia River from the mouth of the John Day river in Wasco County, Oregon, to Klickitat County, Washington.
Habitat: Gravel bars, alluvial slopes, and in thin gravelly soil overlying basaltic rock.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Purple milk vetch (Astragalus agrestis)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed in the western, central, and northeastern regions of North America.
Habitat: Moist spots in sagebrush plains, and mountain meadows to alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Slender vetch (Vicia tetrasperma)
Distribution: Introduced and occasionally escaping west of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon, south to California.
Habitat: Waste ground and disgturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - August
Spring vetch (Vicia lathyroides)
Distribution: Occurring in the Puget Sound lowlands in Washington; British Columbia south to California; also in southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including wastelots, roadsides, and fields.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-June
Tiny vetch (Vicia hirsuta)
Distribution: Introduced and fairly common in western Washington and Oregon
Habitat: Disturbed ground, gardens, low elevations
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Tufted vetch (Vicia cracca)
Distribution: Introduced and widely naturalized in eastern United States; occasional in the Rocky Mountains and westward.
Habitat: Waste land, roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Winter vetch (Vicia villosa)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; distributed widely throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed meadows, grasslands, prairies, roadsides and other open areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-September
Woolly vetch (Vicia villosa)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; distributed widely throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed meadows, grasslands, prairies, roadsides and other open areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-September
Yellow vetch (Vicia lutea)
Origin: Introduced
Meadow vetchling (Lathyrus pratensis)
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Silky beach vetchling (Lathyrus littoralis)
Distribution: Occurring in the coastal counties in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Sand dunes and sandy beaches.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Thin-leaf vetchling (Lathyrus holochlorus)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon.
Habitat: Fence rows and partially cleared land.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Yellow vetchling (Lathyrus aphaca)
Distribution: Known only from the San Juan Islands in Washington; Washington south to California, and in scattered locations in central and southern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Oval-leaved viburnum (Viburnum ellipticum)
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; southern Washington to northern California.
Habitat: Thickets, bottom lands and open woods.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Puncture vine (Tribulus terrestris)
Distribution: East of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Noxious weed of sandy soils and roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-September
Russian vine (Fallopia baldschuanica)
Distribution: Low elevation west of the Cascades; scattered throughout western and eastern North America
Habitat: Disturbed areas in urban settings.
Origin: Introduced from central Asia
Flowers: Aug.-Sept.
3-nerved violet (Viola trinervata)
Distribution: Okanogan County, Washington, to Malheur County, Oregon.
Habitat: Sagebrush flats and rocky hillsides, often on lithosol, where vernally moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - June
Aleutian violet (Viola langsdorffii)
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - August
Dame's violet (Hesperis matronalis)
Distribution: Scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; distributed throughout North America except for the southern portion of the U.S.
Habitat: Sometimes escaping and persisting on waste ground.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-June
Darkwoods violet (Viola orbiculata)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open woods, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Dog violet (Viola riviniana)
Origin: Introduced
Early blue violet (Viola adunca)
Distribution: Occurring throughout Washington; ranging across North America.
Habitat: Dry to moist meadows and open woods, moderate to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Evergreen violet (Viola sempervirens)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Brithish Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Evergreen yellow violet (Viola orbiculata)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open woods, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Fan violet (Viola sheltonii)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades, from near Cle Elum, Kittitas County, Washington, south to Baja California, east to Idaho
Habitat: Chaparral or open forest, often under ponderosa pine
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Flett's violet (Viola flettii)
Distribution: Endemic to the northern Olympic Mountains, Washington.
Habitat: Alpine rock crevices and talus slopes at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Great spurred violet (Viola selkirkii)
Origin: Native
Howell's violet (Viola howellii)
Distribution: West of the Cascade crest in Washington; southern British Columbia south to northern California.
Habitat: Moist woods and prairies at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Kidney-leaf white violet (Viola renifolia)
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Lance-leaved violet (Viola lanceolata)
Origin: Introduced from eastern and central North America
Flowers: May - June
LeConte violet (Viola nephrophylla)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Newfoundland, south on the east side of the Cascades to California, east to Arizona.
Habitat: Moist places, especially in meadows and along streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Marsh violet (Viola palustris)
Distribution: British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and near the Canadian border to Maine and Labrador
Habitat: Moist meadows and streambanks, low to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Northern bog violet (Viola nephrophylla)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Newfoundland, south on the east side of the Cascades to California, east to Arizona.
Habitat: Moist places, especially in meadows and along streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Northern woodland violet (Viola sororia)
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Nuttall's violet (Viola nuttallii)
Origin: Native
Olympic violet (Viola flettii)
Distribution: Endemic to the northern Olympic Mountains, Washington.
Habitat: Alpine rock crevices and talus slopes at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Pioneer violet (Viola glabella)
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington, Alaska to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Moist woods and stream banks, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
Rainier violet (Viola trinervata)
Distribution: Okanogan County, Washington, to Malheur County, Oregon.
Habitat: Sagebrush flats and rocky hillsides, often on lithosol, where vernally moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - June
Redwood violet (Viola sempervirens)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Brithish Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Round-leaved violet (Viola orbiculata)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open woods, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Sagebrush violet (Viola trinervata)
Distribution: Okanogan County, Washington, to Malheur County, Oregon.
Habitat: Sagebrush flats and rocky hillsides, often on lithosol, where vernally moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - June
Selkirk`s violet (Viola selkirkii)
Origin: Native
Shelton's violet (Viola sheltonii)
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades, from near Cle Elum, Kittitas County, Washington, south to Baja California, east to Idaho
Habitat: Chaparral or open forest, often under ponderosa pine
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Small white violet (Viola macloskeyi)
Distribution: British Columbia to Alberta, south in the mountains to California.
Habitat: Boggy and wet ground from low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Sweet blue violet (Viola odorata)
Distribution: In scattered locations throughout Washington; introduced and escaping at various location in the United States.
Habitat: Sheltered, disturbed areas in somewhat moist soil.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March - May and August - September
Wood violet (Viola riviniana)
Origin: Introduced
Columbia virgins-bower (Clematis occidentalis)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Saskatchewan and Wyoming.
Habitat: Often in deep, fine soils in shady forest, also in cliffs and other rocky sites in open woods and thickets, at moderate to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July