Vascular Plants

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Scientific names beginning with F:
16 genera
42 species, 14 subspecies and varieties
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Fagopyrum esculentumgarden buckwheat
Distribution: Introduced in much of the United States.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, waste areas; frequently escapes cultivation.
Fallopia baldschuanicaBukhara fleeceflower, Chinese fleecevine, Russian vine
Distribution: Low elevation west of the Cascades; scattered throughout western and eastern North America
Habitat: Disturbed areas in urban settings.
Fallopia convolvulusblack bindweed, Black bindweed, cornbind
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Cultivated or waste ground.
Fallopia japonicaJapanese knotweed
Fallopia sachalinensisgiant knotweed
Fallopia x bohemicaBohemian knotweed, hybrid Japanese knotweed
Fauria crista-gallideer cabbage, deer-cabbage
Festuca campestrisprairie fescue
Festuca filiformisfine-leaf sheep fescue
Festuca idahoensisbluebunch fescue
Distribution: British Columbia south to Sierran California, east to Alberta and Colorado.
Habitat: Grasslands and sagebrush desert to dry and rock mountain slopes, occasionally to 12,000 feet in elevation.
Festuca occidentaliswestern fescue
Festuca ovinasheep fescue
Festuca roemeriRoemer's fescue
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Meadows, grasslands, balds and forest openings mostly at low elevations.
Festuca rubra
ssp. mediana – dune red fescue
ssp. pruinosa – rock fescue
ssp. rubra – red fescue
ssp. secunda – red fescue
Festuca saximontana
var. purpusiana – sheep fescue
var. saximontana – sheep fescue
Festuca subulatabearded fescue
Festuca subulifloracrinkle-awn fescue
Festuca trachyphyllahard fescue
Festuca valesiacaValais fescue
Festuca viridulagreen-leaf fescue
Distribution: British Colubia south to California, east to Alberta and Montana.
Habitat: Subalpine slopes, rock slides, and meadows to well above timberline.
Festuca washingtonicaWashington fescue
Ficaria vernalesser celandine
Distribution: In scattered locations in western Washington but likely more widespread; British Columbia south to Oregon; eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas often where shaded and moist.
Filago vulgarisGerman filago
Filipendula occidentalisqueen-of-the-forest
Floerkea proserpinacoidesfalse mermaidweed
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east across the northern U.S. and southern Canada to the Altantic Coast.
Habitat: Along vernal streams in the foothills to wet areas at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Foeniculum vulgaresweet fennel
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and wasteland.
Fragaria chiloensisbeach strawberry, coastal strawberry, cultivated strawberry
Distribution: Along the coast from Alaska to California, and the shores of some Puget Sound islands
Habitat: Strictly maritime
Fragaria vesca
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Moist woods, stream banks and sandy meadows, low to mid-elevations in the mountains
var. bracteata – strawberry, wood strawberry
var. crinita – Pacific strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Distribution: Distributed widely throughout Washington except in sagebrush areas; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Open woods to gravelly meadows in the plains and lower mountains
ssp. platypetala – broadpetal strawberry
var. glauca – blueleaf strawberry, wild strawberry
Frangula purshianabuckthorn, false buckthorn, cascara
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Idaho.
Habitat: Forest understory and margins from low to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Frasera albicaulis
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Nevada.
Habitat: Low plains to open areas in the mountains at moderate elevations.
var. albicaulis – white-stemmed frasera
var. columbiana – Columbia frasera
Frasera fastigiataclustered frasera, Umpqua green-gentian
Distribution: In the Blue Mountains of Washington; Oregon, east to northeast Idaho.
Habitat: Moist woods and meadowlands.
Frasera speciosaelkweed, giant frasera, monument plant
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, Texas and South Dakota.
Habitat: Open areas to open forests, foothills to subalpine slopes.
Fraxinus latifoliaOregon ash
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Deep, fertile, generally moist soil along the coast and prairie areas.
Fraxinus pennsylvanicagreen ash
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America except some West Coast states and provinces.
Habitat: Riparian zones where soil is moist but not saturated.
Fritillaria affinischecker lily, chocolate lily
Distribution: On both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Prairies and grassy bluffs to woodlands and coniferous forests, sea level to fairly high elevations in the mountains.
Fritillaria camschatcensisblack lily, Indian rice
Distribution: Chiefly northern Puget Sound lowlands in Washington; Kodiak Island and coastal Alaska south to Washington.
Habitat: Moist areas from near tide flats to mountain meadows.
Fritillaria pudicayellow bells, yellow missionbells
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Utah.
Habitat: Shrub-steppe to mixed coniferous forests, low to moderate elevations.
Fumaria muraliscommon fumitory
Fumaria officinaliscommon fumitory
Distribution: Sparingly introduced European weed, known from scattered locations in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Disturbed soil and waste places.
Fumaria reuteriMartin's fumitory