Apiaceae
Carrot Family
Synonyms:
Umbelliferae [HC]
35 genera
98 species
8 subspecies and varieties
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Aegopodium podagrariabishop's goutweed
Distribution: Introduced in the Pacific Northwest and much of eastern United States
Habitat: Shady and waste places; a tenacious garden weed
Origin: Introduced; native to Eurasia
Anethum graveolensdill
Origin: Introduced; native to Asia
Angelica argutaLyall's angelica, sharptooth angelica
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Alberta and Utah.
Habitat: Stream banks, wet meadows, marshes and bottomlands, from the foothills and valleys to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Angelica canbyiCanby's angelica
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - September
Angelica genuflexakneeling angelica
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, east in British Columbia to the Selkirk Mountains.
Habitat: Stream banks, wet meadows and other moist places, moderate to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Angelica hendersoniiHenderson's angelica, woolly angelica
Distribution: Coastal Washington; south to California.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs and sand dunes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Angelica lucidaseacoast angelica, sea-watch
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; margin of the Pacific Basin, from the Kuril Islands to California.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs and beaches in the Pacific Northwest, occasionally inland elsewhere.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Anthriscus caucalisburr chervil
Distribution: Introduced occasionally in eastern United States, and from Washington to California.
Habitat: Moist, open places, usually in disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced; native to Eurasia
Flowers: May
Anthriscus cerefolium
Origin: Introduced
Anthriscus sylvestriswild chervil
Distribution: Escaped on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon and Idaho; eastern North America and Greenland.
Habitat: Moist areas, usually on disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced; native to Eurasia
Flowers: May-August
Apium crispum
Origin: Introduced
Apium graveolens
Distribution: Introduced, occsionally escapes.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, usually where moist.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - August
Berula incisastalky berula, cut-leaf-water-parsnip
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Mississippi River.
Habitat: Wet areas, often in water, in valleys and plains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Carum carvicaraway
Origin: Introduced; native to Europe
Flowers: June - July
Chaerophyllum temulumrough chervil
Distribution: Currently known in Washington from King County area; distributed in scattered localities in northeastern North America.
Habitat: Forest edge and understory
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-June
Cicuta bulbiferabulblet-bearing water-hemlock, bulbous water-hemlock
Distribution: British Columbia to southern Oregon, east to Newfoundland and Virginia,
Habitat: Marshes, bogs, wet meadows and standing water, lowlands to mountain valleys; uncommon in the Pacific Northwest.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August - September
Cicuta douglasiiDouglas' water-hemlock, western water-hemlock
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Montana.
Habitat: Marshes and wet areas, low to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Cicuta maculataspotted water-hemlock
Distribution: Known from historic collections in the Spokane area; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Marshes and wet areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. angustifolia – spotted cowbane
Conioselinum pacificumPacific hemlock-parsley
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington along the coast; Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, south to California.
Habitat: Bluffs and rocky or sandy beaches along the seashore.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Conium maculatumpoison-hemlock
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America
Habitat: Disturbed areas in moist soil.
Origin: Introduced; native to Europe
Flowers: May-August
Cymopterus foeniculaceusmontane spring parsley
Origin: Native
Cymopterus terebinthinusturpentine spring parsley
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; Washington to Oregon, east to Montana and Utah.
Habitat: Shrub-steppe habitat, often in dry, cobbly streambeds, steep slopes, sandy soils, and other drought-stressed sites.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Daucus carotaQueen Anne's-lace, wild carrot
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, ditchbanks, somewhat moist waste land.
Origin: Introduced; native to Europe
Flowers: June-August
Daucus pusillusAmerican wild carrot
Distribution: Pacific Northwest to California, and throughout the Southern States; chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington
Habitat: Dry, open areas at low elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Eryngium articulatumbee-thistle, beefthistle eryngo
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - September
Eryngium petiolatumOregon eryngo, rush-leaf eryngo
Distribution: Chiefly along the Columbia River in Washington, south to the Willamette Valley.
Habitat: Low ground, especially in places submerged in spring and drier in summer.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Eryngium planumblue eryngo
Origin: Introduced
Foeniculum vulgaresweet fennel
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and wasteland.
Origin: Introduced; native to the Mediterranean
Flowers: July-September
Glehnia leiocarpaAmerican glehnia
Distribution: Coastal in Washington; Alaska south along the coast to northern California.
Habitat: Sandy beaches and dunes along the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Heracleum mantegazzianumgiant hogweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington;
Habitat: Disturbed areas often associated with residential development.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-July
Heracleum maximumAmerican cow-parsnip, cow parsnip
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; occurring throughout North America except for southeastern and lower Midwest of U.S.
Habitat: Moist areas, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Levisticum officinale
Origin: Introduced
Ligusticum apiifoliumcelery-leaf wild lovage
Distribution: West of the Cascades, Washington to central California.
Habitat: Thickets, fence rows, sparcely-wooded slopes and prairies.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Ligusticum canbyiCanby's wild lovage
Distribution: On both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; east to Montana and Wyoming, south to Oregon.
Habitat: Wet to somewhat dry soil, from montane to subalpine and alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Ligusticum grayiGray's lovage, sheep wild lovage
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout the mountain regions of Washington; east to Idaho, south to California and Nevada.
Habitat: Moist or sometimes dry open slopes and drier meadows in subalpine and alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Lilaeopsis occidentaliswestern grasswort, western lilaeopsis
Distribution: Southern Vancouver Island to California, including the Puget Sound region.
Habitat: Marshes, salt flats, muddy or sandy beaches and shores along and near the coast
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Lomatium ambiguumstreambank desert-parsley, swale desert-parsley, lacy lomatium
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; southern British Columbia south to northeast Oregon, east to western Montana.
Habitat: Open, often rocky slopes and flats, from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lomatium anomalumnine-leaf lomatium
Origin: Native
Lomatium bradshawiiBradshaw's desert-parsley
Distribution: Willamette Valley of Oregon from near Salem to near Eugene.
Habitat: Low, moist ground.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May
Lomatium brandegeeiBrandegee's desert-parsley
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington;
Habitat: Open to wooded slopes, moderate to fairly high elevations in the mountains; southern British Columbia south to Washington.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lomatium brevifoliumnarrowfruit biscuit-root
Origin: Native
Lomatium canbyichucklusa, Canby's desert-parsley
Distribution: Along Columbia River in NE Washington, common from Kittitas County south into Oregon
Habitat: Scablands and sagebrush steppe in rather deep soil
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - April
Lomatium columbianumColumbia Gorge desert-parsley
Distribution: At the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Washington south to northern Oregon.
Habitat: Deeper soil in shrub-steppe.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-April
Lomatium couscous, cous-root desert-parsley
Distribution: Southeast Washington and northeast Oregon,east through Idaho to Montana and Wyoming
Habitat: Dry, open, often rocky places often with sagebrush; common at low elevations, occasionally found much higher
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Lomatium cuspidatumWenatchee desert-parsley, Wenatchee Mountain lomatium
Distribution: Endemic to the Wenatchee Mountains of Chelan and Kittitas Counties, Washington.
Habitat: Open, rocky slopes, often on serpentine, between 2500-6000 ft.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lomatium dissectumfern-leaved desert parsley
Distribution: Chiefly west of the east base of the Cascades, British Columbia to California
Habitat: Open areas from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Lomatium farinosumHamblen's lomatium
Distribution: Chelan to Yakima Counties, Washington, east to Montana.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and scablands, often on lithosol and with sagebrush.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - May
Lomatium geyeriGeyer's desert-parsley
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; southern British Columbia south to Washington, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Deeper soil in low to mid-elevations of open, dry areas, and under Ponderosa pine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium gormaniiGorman's desert-parsley, salt and pepper
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Open slopes and scablands in the foothills, valleys and plains, often with sagebrush.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium grayiGray's lomatium, milfoil lomatium
Distribution: Widespread east of the Cascades from low to moderate elevations in Washington; British Columbia south to Nevada, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Typically in rocky draws where moist in spring, also on rock outcrops.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium knokeiKnoke's biscuit-root
Distribution: Known only from Kittitas County in Washington.
Habitat: Open, vernally wet, gently sloping meadows of fine-textured clay soils at approximately 1200 meters.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lomatium laevigatumslickrock desert-parsley, smooth lomatium
Distribution: Along the Columbia River in Klickitat County, Washington, and adjacent Oregon.
Habitat: Crevices is basalt cliffs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April
Lomatium leptocarpumgumbo-lomatium
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Lomatium linearifoliaGreat Basin Indian-potato, linear-leaved orogenia
Distribution: Eastern Washington and Oregon, southeast to Colorado
Habitat: Open slopes and ridges, low to mid-elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - May
Lomatium lithosolamansHoover's tauschia, Hoover's umbrella-wort
Origin: Native
Lomatium macrocarpumlarge-fruit desert-parsley, bigseed lomatium
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to North Dakota, Wyoming and Utah.
Habitat: Open, dry, rocky areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium martindaleiCascade desert-parsley, coast range lomatium
Distribution: Distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon.
Habitat: Dry mountain meadows, often rocky areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Lomatium multifidumfern-leaved desert parsley
Distribution: East of the Cascades, British Columbia to Oregon, east to Wyoming
Habitat: Open, often rocky slopes and dry meadows, low to mid-elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Lomatium nudicauleIndian-consumption-plant, barestem lomatium, pestle parsnip
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Dry, open areas; common in shrub-steppe, but found in mountain meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium piperiPiper's lomatium
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; central Washington south to northern California.
Habitat: Sagebrush-bunchgrass steppe up to ponderosa pine forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium quintuplexUmptanum desert-parsley
Distribution: Endemic to eastern Kittitas County and northeastern Yakima County, Washington.
Habitat: Principally lithosol areas in the shrub-steppe.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium rollinsiiRollins' desert-parsley
Distribution: Canyons of the Snake and lower Salmon Rivers, eastern Oregon and western Idaho.
Habitat: Open slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April
Lomatium salmoniflorumSalmon River desert-parsley
Distribution: Near the Snake and Clearwater Rivers in Idaho, Latah and Nez Perce Counties, Idaho, and Whitman County west to Palouse Falls, Washington.
Habitat: Open, rocky slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - April
Lomatium sandbergiiSandberg's biscuit-root
Origin: Native
Lomatium serpentinumSnake Canyon desert-parsley
Distribution: Near the Snake River Canyon, western Idaho, eastern Oregon and extreme southeast Washington.
Habitat: Open, often rocky slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Lomatium simplexnine-leaf biscuit-root
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed east of the Continental Divide in Montana south to Colorado.
Habitat: Dry, open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium suksdorfiiSuksdorf's desert-parsley
Distribution: Endemic in Klickitat County, Washington
Habitat: Dry, open slopes
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium tamanitchiiribseed biscuit-root
Origin: Native
Lomatium tenuissimumLeiberg's umbrella-wort
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - May
Lomatium thompsoniiThompson's desert-parsley
Origin: Native
Flowers: June
Lomatium triternatumtriternate biscuit-root
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Dry to somewhat moist open areas, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Lomatium tuberosumpotato desert-parsley, Hoover's lomatium
Distribution: Scattered locations in Yakima County, Washington, and adjacent counties.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and talus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - April
Lomatium utriculatumbladder desert-parsley, spring gold, fine-leaved desert parsley
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington;British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Low elevations; somewhat moist, open, often rocky areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium watsoniiWatson's desert-parsley
Distribution: Soluthern Kittitas County, south through Yakima and Klickitat Counties, to northcentral Oregon.
Habitat: Open hillsides, often with sagebrush.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May
Myrrhis odorata
Origin: Introduced
Oenanthe sarmentosaPacific water-dropwort, American water-parsley
Distribution: West of the Cascades from British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Low elevations; wet areas, often is standing water.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Osmorhiza berteroiChilean sweet-cicely, mountain sweet-cicely
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; southern Alaska to California, east to South Dakota and Arizona.
Habitat: Woodlands, from near sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Osmorhiza depauperatablunt-fruit sweet-cicely
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Osmorhiza occidentalisSierran sweet-cicely, western sweet-cicely
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Low to mid-elevations in open areas and openings in wooded areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Osmorhiza purpureapurple sweet-cicely
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Moist areas at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Pastinaca sativacommon parsnip, wild parsnip
Distribution: Introduced and widely naturalized in North America; found in scattered locations in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Roadsides, ditchbanks and other disturbed sites.
Origin: Introduced; native to Europe
Flowers: May - July
Perideridia bolanderiBolander's yampah
Distribution: Northeast Oregon and adjacent Idaho, south through eastern Oregon and western Idaho to Nevada and Utah.
Habitat: Dry, open, often rocky hillsides, ridges and dry washes in the foothills and high plains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Perideridia montanaGairdner's yampah
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Colombia to southern California, east to Saskatchewan, South Dakota and New Mexico.
Habitat: Woodlands and vernally wet meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Perideridia oreganasquaw-potato
Distribution: Western Washington to northern California, in and west of the Cascades.
Habitat: Moist to dry meadows and open slopes or flats, from the valleys to well up in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Petroselinum crispumparsely
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington at low elevations;
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Pimpinella saxifragaburnet-saxifrage
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July - September
ssp. nigra – burnet-saxifrage
Sanicula arctopoidesfootsteps-of-spring, bear's-foot sanicle
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; Vancouver Island, B.C. south along the coast to California.
Habitat: Maritime species of coastal bluffs and meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Sanicula bipinnatifidapurple black-snakeroot, purple sanicle
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Uncommon at low to moderate elevations in dry, open areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Sanicula crassicaulisPacific sanicle
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Common in meadows and open woods from the coast to low elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
var. crassicaulis – Pacific sanicle
Sanicula graveolensSierran black-snakeroot
Distribution: Distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Common in open woods at low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Sanicula marilandicaMaryland black-snakeroot
Distribution: Eastern British Columbia, northeast Washington, and northern Idaho, east to the Atlantic coast.
Habitat: Moist, low ground, less often on moist, wooded slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June
Sium suavewater parsnip, hemlock water-parsnip
Distribution: Southern British Columbia to central California, east to Newfoundland and Virginia.
Habitat: Swampy places and shallow water, in the valleys and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Tauschia stricklandiiStrickland's tauschia, Strickland's umbrella-wort
Distribution: At 5000 to 6500 feet elevation, Mt. Rainier and Twin Sisters Lakes area of Yakima County.
Habitat: Stream banks, moist meadows and slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August
Torilis arvensisfield hedge-parsley
Distribution: Introduced in scattered locations in the Pacific Northwest, mostly west of the Cascades.
Habitat: Weed of disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July - September
Torilis japonica
Origin: Introduced
Turgenia latifolia
Origin: Introduced
Yabea microcarpaCalifornia hedge-parsley, false hedge-parsley
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho, Utah, and New Mexico.
Habitat: Along streams and vernally moist slopes at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Zizia apteraheart-leaved Alexanders
Distribution: Eastern Washington and northwest Oregon, east to central and eastern United States.
Habitat: Moist or wet meadows, stream banks, and moist low ground; tolerant of alkali.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
var. occidentalis – heart-leaved Alexanders