Apiaceae
Carrot Family
Synonyms:
Umbelliferae [HC]
35 genera
91 species
6 subspecies and varieties
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Aegopodium podagrariabishop's goutweed
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations west of the Cascades crest in the Puget Trough in Washington; southern British Columbia to Oregon, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed forest understory and edge, where often dumped as garden waste.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Anethum graveolensdill
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: May-August
Angelica argutaLyall's angelica, sharp-tooth angelica
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Alberta and Utah.
Habitat: Stream banks, wet meadows, marshes and bottomlands, from the foothills and valleys to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Angelica canbyiCanby's angelica
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington, though disjunct on the Olympic Peninsula; northern Washington to central and northeastern Oregon.
Habitat: Meadows and forest openings, generally where moist, from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Angelica genuflexakneeling angelica
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Alaska to California, east in British Columbia to the Selkirk Mountains.
Habitat: Stream banks, wet meadows and other moist places, from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Angelica hendersoniiHenderson's angelica, woolly angelica
Distribution: Occurring on the outer coast in Washington; northwestern Washington to California.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs and sand dunes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Angelica lucidaseacoast angelica, sea-watch
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington in the coastal counties; Alaska to California, also in eastern North America; Far East Russia.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, beaches, and estuaries.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Anthriscus caucalisburr chervil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of the United States and parts of Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, forest edges, wastelots, and other disturbed areas where often seasonally moist.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-July
Anthriscus sylvestriswild chervil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Idaho, also in eastern North America and Greenland.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, forest edge, wastelots, and other disturbed areas where seasonally moist.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-August
Apium graveolenscelery
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho, Utah, and Nevada, east across the southern U.S. to eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, usually where moist, where escaped from nearby cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Berula incisastalked berula, cut-leaf water parsnip
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to central North America.
Habitat: Wet areas, often emergent in ponds, lakes, and back water channels, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Chaerophyllum temulumrough chervil
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the lowlands in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to northwestern Oregon, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Forest edge and understory, shady roadsides, and other disturbed areas where shady and seasonally moist.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Cicuta bulbiferabulblet-bearing water-hemlock, bulbous water-hemlock
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to southern Oregon, east to Newfoundland and Virginia,
Habitat: Marshes, bogs, wet meadows and standing water, lowlands to mountain valleys.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Cicuta douglasiiDouglas' water-hemlock, western water-hemlock
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Alberta, Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Marshes, ditches, and wet low places, from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Cicuta maculataspotted water-hemlock
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Marshes, ditches, and shorelines, from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. angustifolia – spotted water-hemlock
Conioselinum pacificumPacific hemlock-parsley
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the marine coast in Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Bluffs and rocky or sandy beaches along the seashore.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Conium maculatumpoison hemlock
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas, often where soil is moist.
Origin: Introduced; native to Europe
Flowers: April-August
Cymopterus foeniculaceusmontane spring parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to northeastern Oregon, east to Montana, Wyoming and Utah.
Habitat: Forest openings, meadows, and other open, dry areas from montane to alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Cymopterus terebinthinusturpentine spring parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; north-central Washington to northeast Oregon, east to western Idaho.
Habitat: Sand dunes and other dry, open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Daucus carotaQueen Anne's-lace, wild carrot
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, meadows, lawns, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Daucus pusillusAmerican wild carrot, rattlesnake weed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, east across the southern U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Grassy balds, headlands, rocky outcroppings, and other to seasonally moist open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Eryngium articulatumbee-thistle, bee-thistle eryngo
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest along the eastern border of Washington; disjunct in eastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, otherwise southwestern Oregon to California.
Habitat: Low ground along streams and lakes, often where submerged.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Eryngium petiolatumOregon eryngo, rush-leaf eryngo
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in southwestern Washington and in the Columbia River Gorge; southern Washington through the Willamette Valley to southwestern Oregon.
Habitat: Low ground, especially in places submerged in spring and drying out in summer.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Foeniculum vulgaresweet fennel
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in lowland areas in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from the Mediterranean region
Flowers: July-September
Glehnia leiocarpaAmerican glehnia
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the coastal counties in Washington; coastal Alaska to coastal northern California.
Habitat: Sandy beaches and dunes along the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Heracleum mantegazzianumgiant hogweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the Puget Trough lowlands in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Oregon, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas often associated with residential development; Class A noxious weed.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-July
Heracleum maximumAmerican cow-parsnip, American hogweed
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America except in the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Moist areas, including meadows and forest edge from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Ligusticum apiifoliumcelery-leaf wild lovage, parsely-leaf wild lovage
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Low elevation woodland slopes, prairies, and thickets.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Ligusticum canbyiCanby's wild lovage
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Alberta and western Montana.
Habitat: Wet to somewhat dry soil, from montane forest openings to subalpine and alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Ligusticum grayiGray's lovage, sheep wild lovage
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in the mountainous areas of Washington; northern Washington to California and Nevada, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Moist or sometimes dry open slopes and drier meadows in subalpine and alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Lilaeopsis occidentaliswestern grasswort, western lilaeopsis
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Marshes, river banks, salt flats, muddy or sandy beaches and shores along and near the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Lomatium ambiguumWyeth biscuit-root, stream bank desert-parsley, swale desert-parsley, lacy lomatium
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to northeast Oregon, east to southeastern Alberta, western Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open, often rocky slopes and flats, from the foothills to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lomatium anomalumanomalous biscuit-root, nine-leaved biscuit-root
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the southeastern counties of Washington; southeastern Washington to eastern Oregon, east to western Idaho and northwestern Montana.
Habitat: Open slopes, usually on clay soils.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium bradshawiiBradshaw's biscuit-root, Bradshaw's desert-parsley, Bradshaw's lomatium
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Clark County in Washington; southwestern Washington to the Willamette Valley near Eugene, Oregon.
Habitat: Wet meadows at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lomatium brandegeeiBrandegee's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; south-central British Columbia to south-central Washington.
Habitat: Open to wooded slopes from middle elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Lomatium brevifoliumnarrowfruit biscuit-root, short-leaved biscuit-root, short-leaved desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; north-central Washington to Hood River and Wasco counties in Oregon.
Habitat: Balds, slopes, and forest openings, often where rocky, from the lowlands to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lomatium canbyiCanby's biscuit-root, chucklusa, Canby's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington chiefly in the Columbia River Basin. central Washington to northeastern Nevada, east to southwestern Idaho.
Habitat: Scablands and sagebrush steppe in rather deep soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-April
Lomatium columbianumpurple biscuit-root, Columbia Gorge desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the south-central and Columbia River Gorge areas in Washington; south-central Washington to Hood River and Wasco counties in Oregon.
Habitat: Open slopes in low elevation valleys to low montane.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-April
Lomatium couscous biscuit-root, cous, cous-root desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the southeastern counties in Washington; southeastern Washington to northeast Nevada, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Dry, open, often rocky places often with sagebrush; common at low elevations, occasionally found at higher elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Lomatium cuspidatumWenatchee biscuit-root, Wenatchee desert-parsley, Wenatchee Mountain lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic to the Wenatchee Mountains of Chelan and Kittitas counties in Washington.
Habitat: Open, rocky slopes, often on serpentine, from middle elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lomatium dissectumfern-leaved biscuit-root, sessile-fruited fern-leaved biscuit-root, fern-leaved desert parsley, fern-leaved lomatium
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, disjunct in west-central Idaho.
Habitat: Open areas from the valleys and foothills to middle elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium farinosumnorthern biscuit-root, Hamblen's lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to western Idaho, disjunct in Wasco County, Oregon.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and scablands, often on lithosol and with sagebrush.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium geyeriGeyer's desert-parsley, Geyer's lomatium
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Washington, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Deeper soil in low to mid-elevations of open, dry areas, and under Ponderosa pine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Lomatium gormaniiGorman's desert-parsley, Gorman's lomatium, salt and pepper
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Open slopes and scablands in the foothills, valleys and plains, often with sagebrush.
Origin: Native
Flowers: February-May
Lomatium klickitatenseKlickitat biscuit-root, Klickitat desert-parsley, Klickitat lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the Columbia River Gorge area in Washington; south-central Washington to adjacent Oregon.
Habitat: Dry to seasonally moist, areas and forest openings at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium knokeiKnoke's biscuit-root, Knoke's desert-parsley, Knoke's lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic to Kittitas County.
Habitat: Open, vernally wet, gently sloping meadows of fine-textured clay soils at approximately 1200 meters.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lomatium laevigatumsmooth biscuit-root, slickrock desert-parsley, smooth lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in south-central Washington; south-central Washington to adjacent Oregon.
Habitat: Crevices is basalt cliffs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April
Lomatium leptocarpumgumbo biscuit-root, gumbo lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the southeastern counties in Washington; southeastern Washington to southern Oregon, east to western Idaho.
Habitat: Seasonally wet, usually shallow-soil meadows, and micro-depressions in vernally wet, rocky sites, often with clay component.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lomatium linearifoliumlinear-leaved biscuit-root, linear-leaved desert-parsley, linear-leaved lomatium, turkey peas
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to north-central Oregon, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open slopes and ridges, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium lithosolamansHoover's biscuit-root, Hoover's desert-parsley, Hoover's lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic to Kittitas and Yakima counties.
Habitat: Open, rocky, shallow soil on xeric sites at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-April
Lomatium macrocarpumlarge-fruit desert-parsley, bigseed lomatium
Distribution: Widely distributed east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Open, dry, rocky areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium martindaleiCascade biscuit-root, Cascade desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to northern California.
Habitat: Dry meadows and rocky outcroppings from middle elevations to the alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Lomatium multifidumfern-leaved biscuit-root, fern-leaved desert-parsley, fern-leaved lomatium
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Open, often rocky slopes and dry meadows, lowlands to low alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium nudicaulebare-stemmed biscuit-root
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Dry, open areas, including on lithosols, from lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium papilioniferumbutterfly bearing biscuit-root, butterfly bearing desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and open slopes at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium piperiPiper's biscuit-root, Piper's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to northern California.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium quintuplexUmptanum biscuit-root, Umptanum desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington, where endemic to eastern Kittitas County and northeastern Yakima County.
Habitat: Generally in lithosol areas in sagebrush desert.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium rollinsiiRollins's biscuit-root, Rollins's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the southeastern counties in Washington; southeastern Washington to the canyons of the Snake and lower Salmon Rivers in eastern Oregon and western Idaho.
Habitat: Open slopes in grasslands, on rocky or fine-textured, loess-derived soils, from valleys to the montane.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium roneorumRone's biscuit-root, Rone's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic to Chelan County.
Habitat: Open, rocky slopes in Ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium salmoniflorumSalmon River biscuit-root, Salmon River desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the southeastern counties in Washington; southeastern Washington to the Snake and Clearwater rivers in Idaho.
Habitat: Dry, open, rocky slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium sandbergiiSandberg's biscuit-root, Sandberg's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in northeastern Washington; southeastern British Columbia to northeastern Washington, east to southeastern Alberta and northwestern Montana.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and ridges at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lomatium serpentinumSnake Canyon biscuit-root, Snake Canyon desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the southeastern counties in Washington; southeastern Washington to the Hells Canyon area of Oregon and Idaho.
Habitat: Dry, open, often rocky slopes from lowland valleys to the montane.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Lomatium simplexnine-leaf biscuit-root, nine-leaf desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Moderately dry to moist grasslands and forest openings at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lomatium suksdorfiiSuksdorf's biscuit-root, Suksdorf's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington at the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Klickitat County; south-central Washington to Hood River and Wasco counties in Oregon.
Habitat: Open slopes, forest edge and openings, often where dry, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium tamanitchiiribseed biscuit-root, ribseed desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest at the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington, where endemic to Klickitat County.
Habitat: Open slopes and valleys, typically in clay-rich, silicic volcanic ash-derived soils at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium tenuissimumLeiberg's biscuit-root, Leiberg's umbrella-wort
Distribution: Historically occurring east of the Cascades crest along the eastern border of southern Washington; eastern Washington to adjacent western Idaho.
Habitat: Vernally moist meadows with fine-textured soils at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Lomatium thompsoniiThompson's biscuit-root, Thompson's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington, where endemic to Chelan and Kittitas counties.
Habitat: Open, rocky slopes and ponderosa pine forest openings, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lomatium triternatumtriternate biscuit-root
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Oregon, east to Alberta and western Montana.
Habitat: Open hillsides and slopes, forest edge and opening, typically where dry, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Lomatium tuberosumHoover's biscuit-root, Hoover's lomatium, potato desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington, where endemic to Benton, Grant, Kittitas, and Yakima counties. Scattered locations in Yakima County, Washington, and adjacent counties.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and talus fields at middle elevations .
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-April
Lomatium utriculatumcommon biscuit-root, bladder desert-parsley, spring-gold
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Grassy balds, prairies, meadows, and open slopes, often at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lomatium watsoniiWatson's biscuit-root, Watson's desert-parsley
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central and south-central Washington; central Washingotn to Wasco County, Oregon.
Habitat: Open hillsides, often with sagebrush, from valleys to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Oenanthe sarmentosaoenanthe, Pacific water-dropwort, American water-parsley, Pacific water-parsley
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Low elevation wet areas, often in standing water.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Osmorhiza berteroimountain sweet-cicely
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes region, and eastern North America.
Habitat: Forest understory and edge, from near sea level to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Osmorhiza depauperatablunt-fruit sweet-cicely
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Forest understory and edge, often where moist from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Osmorhiza occidentalisSierran sweet-cicely, western sweet-cicely
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains from Alberta to Utah.
Habitat: Forest openings and edge, thickets, and riparian zones from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Osmorhiza purpureapurple sweet-cicely
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Moist forest openings, understory, and edge from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Pastinaca sativacommon parsnip, wild parsnip
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed sites at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Perideridia montanamountain yampah
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Woodland edge, balds, prairies, outcroppings, and vernally wet meadows from the lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Perideridia oreganaOregon yampah
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in southwestern Washington; southern Washington to California.
Habitat: Moist to dry meadows and open slopes or flats, from low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Petroselinum crispumparsely
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations west of the Cascades crest in Washington at low elevations, where escaping from nearby cultivation; Washington to California, east in scattered locations across the U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, balds, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Sanicula arctopoidesfootsteps-of-spring, bear's-foot sanicle
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the coast in Washington; Vancouver Island, B.C. south along the coast to California.
Habitat: Maritime species of coastal bluffs, meadows, and balds.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Sanicula bipinnatifidapurple black-snakeroot, purple sanicle
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Balds, forest edge, and other open to partially shaded areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Sanicula crassicaulisPacific sanicle
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Meadows, balds, prairies, and open woods from the coast to low elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
var. crassicaulis – Pacific sanicle
var. tripartita – Pacific sanicle
Sanicula graveolensSierran black-snakeroot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Common in open woods, balds, and thickets at low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Sanicula marilandicaMaryland black-snakeroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the northeastern counties in Washington; Eastern British Columbia to northeast Washington, east to the Atlantic coast.
Habitat: Moist, low ground, less often on moist, wooded slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Sium suavewater parsnip, hemlock water-parsnip
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Swampy places and shallow water of lakes, ponds, and backwater channels, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Tauschia stricklandiiStrickland's tauschia, Strickland's umbrella-wort
Distribution: Occurring in the Cascades in Washington, where endemic to Mount Rainier National Park and nearby Yakima County.
Habitat: Moist meadows, forest openings and edge at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Torilis arvensisfield hedge-parsley
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Nevada, widespread from the U.S. midwest to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, forest edge, thickets, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Torilis japonicaupright hedge-parsley, Japanese hedge-parsley
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, also in south-central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Forest understory and edge, thickets, fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-July
Yabea microcarpaCalifornia hedge-parsley, false hedge-parsley
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington and in the Columbia River Gorge. British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho, Utah, and New Mexico.
Habitat: Along streams, open woodlands, and vernally moist slopes at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Zizia apteraheart-leaved Alexanders
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central and eastern Washington; Yukon Territory to Nevada, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist or wet meadows, stream banks, and moist low ground; tolerant of alkali.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. occidentalis – heart-leaved Alexanders