Boraginaceae
Borage Family
24 genera
83 species
15 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Order by:
Scientific name
Common name
Display as:
Adelinia grandisgrand hound, grand hound's tongue, Pacific hound, Pacific hound's tongue
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Washington south to California.
Habitat: Forest openings and meadows at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Amsinckia intermediafireweed fiddleneck, Menzie's fiddleneck, rancher's fiddleneck, small-flowered fiddleneck
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - May
Amsinckia lycopsoidesbugloss fiddleneck, tarweed fiddleneck
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington, with scattered localities west of the crest; east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Dry, open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Amsinckia menziesiiharvest fiddleneck, rigid fiddleneck, rancher's fireweed
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to California.
Habitat: Open, dry foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Amsinckia retrorsaharvest fiddleneck, rigid fiddleneck
Origin: Native
Amsinckia spectabilisseaside amsinckia
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Coastal dunes or sandy bluffs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. spectabilis – woolly breeches, Scouler's fiddleneck, seaside fiddleneck
Amsinckia tessellatatessellate fiddleneck
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho, south to New Mexico.
Habitat: Roadsides and dry, open slopes and flats, often in disturbed soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
var. tessellata – tessellate fiddleneck
Anchusa azureaItalian alkanet, Italian bugloss
Distribution: Scattered localities in Washington; British Columbia south to California, scattered localities east of the Cascades to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from Old World
Flowers: June-August
Anchusa officinaliscommon alkanet, common bugloss
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations throughout Washington, but mostly east of the Cascades; occurring throught much of western North America, the upper Midwest, and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Mediterranean region
Flowers: May-July
Asperugo procumbenscatchweed, madwort
Distribution: Introduced in much of the northern part of the United States; common east of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon
Habitat: A weed of moist soil in fields, roadsides and other disturbed areas, mostly east of the Cascades.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May - July
Borago officinalisborage, common borage
Distribution: Introduced at scattered locations in the United States; occasional west of the Cascades in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Waste ground and disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from southern Europe
Flowers: April - June
Buglossoides arvensiscorn gromwell, field gromwell
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Cryptantha affiniscommon cryptantha, slender cryptantha, quill cat's eye
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Rocky Mountains and South Dakota.
Habitat: Open areas from sagebrush to coniferous forests at moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Cryptantha ambiguaobscure cryptantha, wilke's cryptantha, basin cat's eye
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; southern British Columbia, east to western Montana and south to California and Colorado.
Habitat: Dry, open places from the lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Cryptantha fendleriFendler's cryptantha, sand dune cat's eye
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Cryptantha flaccidaflaccid cryptantha, weakstem cat's eye
Distribution: Central and southeast Washington, south to southern California, and along the western border of Idaho.
Habitat: Dry, open slopes and flats at lower elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Cryptantha gracilisnarrow-stem cryptantha
Origin: Native
Cryptantha grandifloralarge-flowered cryptantha
Origin: Native
Cryptantha intermediacommon cryptantha, Clearwater cat's eye
Distribution: Washington to California, east to Idaho and Arizona
Habitat: Moderately dry, open slopes
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - September
Cryptantha pterocaryawingnut cryptantha
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho, Colorado and Texas.
Habitat: Dry, open, often sandy areas of sagebrush and grasslands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Cryptantha rostellatabeaked cryptantha
Origin: Native
Cryptantha scopariadesert cryptantha, pinyon desert cat's eye
Distribution: Common on the Snake River plains of Idaho, extending into adjacent Oregon, northeast Nevda and southwest Wyoming; adjunct to Yakima County, Washington, and adjacent counties.
Habitat: Dry, open slopes in the valleys, plains and foothills, common among sagebrush.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Cryptantha simulanspinewoods cryptantha, pinewoods cat's eye
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Cryptantha torreyanaTorrey's cryptantha, Torrey's cat's eye
Distribution: Widely distributed east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana.
Habitat: Open areas, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Cryptantha watsoniiWatson's cryptantha, Watson's cat's eye
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Open hillsides, sagebrush-steppe plains, and forest openings at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Cynoglossum officinalegypsy flower, common hound's tongue
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; ntroduced in much of North America.
Habitat: Noxious weed of roadsides and disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Echium vulgarecommon viper's bugloss
Distribution: Introduced in much of the United States; uncommon in the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Dry ground in waste places
Origin: Introduced from Mediterranean region
Flowers: June - August
Eritrichium argenteumpale alpine forget-me-not
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Greeneocharis circumscissacushion cryptantha, matted cryptantha
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades, central Washington to Baja California, east to Utah.
Habitat: Dry, open, usually sandy places in the lowlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Gruvelia pusillalittle gruvelia
Distribution: East of the Cascades crest in Chelan and Klickitat counties in Washington; Washington, south to California, introduced and disjunct in Chile.
Habitat: Dry, open places at lower elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Hackelia americananodding stickseed
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Hackelia ciliataOkanogan stickseed
Distribution: Spokane and Stevens Counties to Okanogan and Kittitas Counties, Washington
Habitat: Dry, open slopes and flats in areas with sagebrush or ponderosa pine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Hackelia cinereagray stickseed
Distribution: Occurring in Kittitas, Chelan and Spokane counties in Washington; Washington east to northern Idaho and northwest Montana.
Habitat: Open or lightly forested areas, especially on talus or cliffs, and loose stream banks, in valleys and foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Hackelia diffusadiffuse stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon.
Habitat: Cliffs and talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. arida – sagebrush stickseed, steppe stickseed
var. cottonii – Cotton's stickseed
var. diffusa – diffuse stickseed
Hackelia floribundamanyflowered stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Southern British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Thickets, meadows, stream banks and other moist places, from low elevations to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Hackelia hispidarough stickseed
Distribution: Snake River Canyon and vicinity in Oregon, Idaho and Washington; also in the Grand Coulee of Washington.
Habitat: Cliffs and talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
var. disjuncta – sagebrush stickseed
var. hispida – rough stickseed
Hackelia micranthameadow forget-me-not, blue stickseed
Distribution: Common, Cascade Mountains in Washington and Oregon, Rocky Mountains in Idaho
Habitat: Hillsides and open areas at mid-elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: Jun-Aug
Hackelia tayloriiTaylor's stickseed
Origin: Native
Hackelia venustalesser showy stickseed
Distribution: Endemic to Chelan County, WA.
Habitat: Rocky slopes with ponderosa pine, at about 1000 feet elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lappula fremontiiFremont's stickseed
Origin: Introduced
Lappula longispinalong-spined stickseed
Distribution: East of the Cascades in the Pacific Northwest; Eurasia.
Habitat: A weed in dry, disturbed places, along roadsides and on overgrazed ranges.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Lappula montanamontane stickseed
Origin: Introduced
Lappula occidentaliswestern stickseed
Origin: Introduced
Lappula squarrosabristly sheepburr, bristly stickseed, common stickseed, European stickseed, bristly-fruited tickweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America; Eurasia.
Habitat: Shrub-steppe, disturbed areas, roadside.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia, possibly native in northern Rocky Mts. (Cronquist et al. 1984)
Flowers: June-August
Lithospermum incisumfringed stoneseed
Origin: Native
Lithospermum ruderalewestern gromwell, Columbian puccoon, western stoneseed
Distribution: Common east of the Cascades in southern British Columbia, Washington and Oregon
Habitat: Shrub-steppe to open, dry areas in the mountains at mid-elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Lycopsis arvensisannual bugloss, European bugloss, small bugloss
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Mertensia brachycalyxshort-sepaled bluebells
Origin: Native
Mertensia ciliatastreamside bluebells
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Stream banks, wet meadows, damp thickets, and wet cliffs, from the foothills to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Mertensia longifloratrumpet bluebells, long-flowered lungwort
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades, British Columbia to California, east to Montana
Habitat: Drier areas, foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Mertensia oblongifolialanguid lady, leafy lungwort
Distribution: Uncommon east of the Cascades in Washington to California, east to South Dakota
Habitat: Deeper soils in shrub-steppe
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Mertensia paniculatapaniculate bluebells, tall bluebells
Distribution: Alaska to Oregon, east to Montana; also in the Great Lakes region
Habitat: Streambanks and wet meadows at mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - August
var. borealis – tall lungwort
var. paniculata – panicled lungwort
Mertensia platyphyllabroadleaved bluebells, western bluebells
Distribution: Occurring from the west base of the Cascades Mountains to the coast in Washington; Washington south to Oregon.
Habitat: Stream banks and moist, low woods at lower elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Mertensia umbratilisshade bluebells, shade lungwort
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon.
Habitat: Forest openings and seasonally moist areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Myosotis arvensismouse ear, rough forget-me-not, field scorpiongrass
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and forest openings, typically associated with disturbance.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Myosotis discoloryellow and blue scorpiongrass, yellow scorpiongrass
Distribution: Introduced in Washington to California, east to Montana, and along the East Coast
Habitat: Roadsides, dry to moist open areas
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May - August
Myosotis laxabay forget-me-not, small forget-me-not
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Colombia and Alberta south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also in the eastern half of North America.
Habitat: In moist soil and shallow water, at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Myosotis micranthablue scorpion-grass
Distribution: Introduced over most of northern United States and southern Canada; in Washington, chiefly east of the Cascades, where fairly common.
Habitat: Roadsides, stream banks, and moist to dry open places.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April - June
Myosotis scorpioidescommon forget-me-not, true forget-me-not, water forget-me-not
Distribution: Introduced in much of western and eastern United States; uncommon in the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Low to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June - August
Myosotis sylvaticawood forget-me-not
Distribution: Introduced in western Washington and some mid-West and Eastern states
Habitat: Roadsides and moist woods at low elevations
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - August
Myosotis vernaspring forget-me-not, early scorpiongrass, spring scorpiongrass, white scorpiongrass
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Oreocarya glomeratabuttecandle, cockscomb oreocarya, Sheldon's oreocarya
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades, from southern British Colombia to Grant County, Oregon, east to North Dakota.
Habitat: Dry, open places in the valleys, plains and foothills, occasionally higher.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Oreocarya leucophaeagray cat's eye
Distribution: Along the Columbia and lower Yakima rivers, from Wenatchee, Washington to the Dalles, Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, usually sandy places at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Oreocarya spiculiferaSnake River cryptantha, Snake River cat's eye
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon and Nevada, east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Utah.
Habitat: Dry, open slopes and flats in the plains, valleys and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Oreocarya thompsoniiThompson's cat's eye
Distribution: Serpentine soils in the Wenatchee Mountains and adjacent Cascades of Washington
Habitat: Moderate to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Pectocarya penicillatashortleaf combseed, winged pectocarya
Distribution: East of the Cascades, southern British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Dry, open areas, often in sandy soil and among sagebrush, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Pectocarya setosabristly combseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho, Utah, and New Mexico.
Habitat: Open areas in sagebrush-steppe habitat.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Pentaglottis sempervirensgreen alkanet
Distribution: Occurring in lowland western Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Disturbed soil in shaded areas.
Origin: Introduced from sw Europe
Flowers: April-July
Plagiobothrys cognatus
Origin: Native
Plagiobothrys cusickiimatted popcorn flower
Origin: Native
Plagiobothrys figuratusfragrant plagiobothrys
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon.
Habitat: Nonalkaline meadows, low ground, and moist fields.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Plagiobothrys figuratus var. figuratusfragrant popcorn flower
Origin: Native
Plagiobothrys hispidulusharsh plagiobothrys
Origin: Native
Plagiobothrys leptocladusalkali popcorn flower, slender branched popcorn flower
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Oregon, south to Baja California, east to northern Utah and the Snake River plains in Idaho.
Habitat: Moist clay flats and beds of drying pools; tolerant of alkali.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Plagiobothrys nothofulvusrusty popcorn flower
Distribution: Common in the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Oregon south to northern Baja California and east to Nevada.
Habitat: Open slopes, fields and roadsides.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Plagiobothrys scouleriScouler's popcorn flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Wisconsin and New Mexico.
Habitat: Moist areas, foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains, seldom in alkaline areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Plagiobothrys tenellusPacific popcorn flower, slender popcorn flower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Dry, open places at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Pulmonaria ovalisoval lungwort
Origin: Introduced
Symphytum asperumprickly comfrey, rough comfrey
Distribution: Introduced and occasionally escaped from cultivation, scattered in the United States; chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington.
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed habitats.
Origin: Introduced from sw Asia
Flowers: May - July
Symphytum grandiflorumcreeping comfrey
Origin: Introduced from Caucasus
Symphytum officinalecommon comfrey
Distribution: Distributed west of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America except in extreme north and south states/provinces.
Habitat: Escaped from cultivation, often found in disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Symphytum orientalewhite comfrey
Origin: Introduced from sw Asia
Symphytum ×uplandicumhybrid comfrey
Origin: Introduced from Europe