Caprifoliaceae
Honeysuckle Family
2 genera
14 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Lonicera cauriana
Distribution: Reported from Washington; Alaska to California, also in Idaho.
Origin: Native
Lonicera ciliosaorange honeysuckle
Distribution: Ranging throughout Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Montana.
Habitat: Open to rather dense woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera conjugialispurple-flower honeysuckle
Distribution: Mt. Adams south chiefly through the east side of the Cascades in Washington; south to the Sierra Nevada of California.
Habitat: In woods, meadows and moist open slopes at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Lonicera etruscaEtruscan honeysuckle
Distribution: Occasional west of the Cascades in Washington; established along the Oregon coast and southern British Columbia.
Habitat: Thickets and waste areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Lonicera hispidulahairy honeysuckle
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon.
Habitat: Open woods at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Lonicera involucrata
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Common in open woods at low to mid-elevations.
Flowers: April-August
var. involucrata – bearberry, black twin-berry, twinberry
Lonicera japonicaJapanese honeysuckle
Distribution: Occasionally escaped from cultivation in lowland western Washington; California east through the midwestern, southeastern, and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, woods, and thickets.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera periclymenum
Origin: Introduced
Lonicera tataricaTartarian honeysuckle
Distribution: Scattered localities throughout Washington; throughout much of North America except the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, woods, and thickets.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera utahensisRocky Mountain honeysuckle, Utah honeysuckle
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana and south in the Rockies to Arizona.
Habitat: Mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Symphoricarpos albus
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska south to California, east across Canada and northern United States to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets and open slopes, lowlands to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. albus – common snowberry
var. laevigatus – common snowberry
Symphoricarpos molliscreeping snowberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Slopes and forest edges, often where wet.
Flowers: May-July
var. hesperius – creeping snowberry, spreading snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentaliswestern snowberry, wolfberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Utah, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Prairies, forest margins, and bottomlands from low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Symphoricarpos rotundifolius
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California and New Mexico.
Habitat: Open slopes and dry meadows, foothills to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. vaccinoides – mountain snowberry