Caprifoliaceae
Honeysuckle Family
2 genera
18 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Lonicera ×bellashowy fly honeysuckle
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Oregon and Idaho, scattered localities in central North America, and more widespread in eastern North America.
Habitat: Forest edge and understory, riparian areas, and disturbed areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-June
Lonicera caurianabluefly honeysuckle, sweet-berry honeysuckle
Distribution: Reported from Washington; Alaska to California, also in Idaho.
Origin: Native
Lonicera ciliosaorange honeysuckle
Distribution: Occurring in or near forested areas on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana.
Habitat: Open to rather dense woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera conjugialispurple-flower honeysuckle
Distribution: Mt. Adams south chiefly through the east side of the Cascades in Washington; south to the Sierra Nevada of California.
Habitat: In woods, meadows and moist open slopes at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Lonicera etruscaEtruscan honeysuckle
Distribution: Occasional west of the Cascades in Washington; established along the Oregon coast and southern British Columbia.
Habitat: Thickets and waste areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Lonicera hispidulahairy honeysuckle, pink honeysuckle
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Forest understory and edge, thickets, balds, and open woodlands at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera involucratabearberry honeysuckle, black twin-berry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Forest openings and edge, thickets, and marshes from low elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
var. involucrata – bearberry honeysuckle, black twin-berry
Lonicera japonicaJapanese honeysuckle
Distribution: Occasionally escaped from cultivation in lowland western Washington; California east through the midwestern, southeastern, and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, woods, and thickets.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera maackiiAmur honeysuckle
Origin: Introduced
Lonicera periclymenumwoodbine
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; western Washington to California, also in scattered locations in northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, forest edge, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera pileata
Origin: Introduced
Lonicera tataricaTartarian honeysuckle
Distribution: Scattered localities throughout Washington; throughout much of North America except the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, woods, and thickets.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera utahensisRocky Mountain honeysuckle, Utah honeysuckle
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana and south in the Rockies to Arizona.
Habitat: Mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lonicera xylosteumEuropean fly honeysuckle
Origin: Introduced
Symphoricarpos albuscommon snowberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and distributed widely throughout Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains, and further east to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Thickets, forest edge, and open slopes, from the lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. albus – common snowberry
var. laevigatus – common snowberry
Symphoricarpos molliscreeping snowberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Nevada, disjunct in north-central Idaho.
Habitat: Slopes and forest edge, often where wet, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. hesperius – creeping snowberry, spreading snowberry
Symphoricarpos occidentaliswestern snowberry, wolfberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Utah, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Prairies, forest margins, and bottomlands from low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Symphoricarpos rotundifoliusmountain snowberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California east to Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Open slopes and dry meadows, from sagebrush desert to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. vaccinioides – mountain snowberry