Caryophyllaceae
Pink Family
29 genera
98 species
28 subspecies and varieties
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Agrostemma githagocommon corncockle
Distribution: Introduced and well established in Washington; also occurring in Oregon, less common in Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Roadsides and wasteland.
Origin: Introduced, European
Flowers: June-July
Arenaria paludicolamarsh sandwort
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - August
Arenaria serpyllifolia
Distribution: Widely distributed across Washington; introduced in most of North America.
Habitat: Weed in various habitats.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
var. serpyllifolia – thyme-leaf sandwort
Cardionema ramosissimasandcarpet, sandmat
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; south to Mexico.
Habitat: Sandy beaches along the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Cerastium arvense
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades and in the Blue Mountains in Washington. Widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Coastal cliffs to inland valleys, rocky hillsides, subalpine meadows.
Flowers: April-August
ssp. strictum – field chickweed
Cerastium beeringianumalpine chickweed
Distribution: Occurring in the Cascade Mountains in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains in the U.S.; east across Canada to the Atlantic coast.
Habitat: Alpine zone, mostly in cirques or on talus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Cerastium brachypetalum
Origin: Native
ssp. brachypetalum – gray chickweed, gray mouse ear
Cerastium brachypodumshort-stalk mouse-ear chickweed
Origin: Native
Cerastium dichotomumdry chickweed
Distribution: Washington to California.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, especially along roadsides.
Origin: Introduced from southern Europe
Flowers: April-June
Cerastium dubiumdoubtful mouse-ear chickweed
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Cerastium fontanum
Distribution: Introduced and common in most of Canada and the United States; more common east of the Cascades
Habitat: Disturbed ground, lawns and gardens
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: March - September
ssp. vulgare – common chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed
Cerastium glomeratumsticky mouse-ear chickweed
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington, but more common west of the Cascades crest; occurring throughout western and eastern North America.
Habitat: Low elevations in disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: March-June
Cerastium nutans
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, south in the Rocky Mountains to New Mexico and Arizona, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Dry to moist banks and woodlands.
Flowers: April-June
var. nutans – nodding chickweed
Cerastium pumilumdwarf chickweed, dwarf mouse ear
Distribution: Introduced at scattered locations in Washngton.
Habitat: Dry, sandy or gravelly places, roadsides.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April - May
Cerastium semidecandrumlittle chickweed, little mouse ear
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Cerastium tomentosumsnow-in-summer
Distribution: Occasionally escaping cultivation in lowland northwestern Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east across northern U.S. and southern Canada to Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, waste sites.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-May
Cherleria bifloratwo-flowered sandwort
Origin: Native
Cherleria obtusilobaalpine sandwort
Origin: Native
Corrigiola litoralis
Distribution: Southern British Columbia south to Oregon; also in Maryland.
Habitat: Lake and pond margins, often where disturbed.
Flowers: June-September
ssp. litoralis – strapwort
Dianthus armeriadeptford pink
Distribution: Introduced in most of the United States
Habitat: Escaped from gardens
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - August
Dianthus barbatussweet William
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America except the southwest U.S.
Habitat: Wasteland and disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Dianthus deltoidesmaiden pink
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April - July
Eremogone aculeataneedle-leaf sandwort, prickly sandwort
Distribution: Known from Kittitas County in Washington; Beaverhead County, Montana, to northeast Oregon, south to Nevada, Utah, and northeast California.
Habitat: Gravelly sagebrush-covered hills at 6000 feet elevation to rocky alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Eremogone capillaris
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to northern Oregon and northern Nevada, east to Alberta and Montana.
Habitat: Sagebrush plains to rocky subalpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. americana – fescue sandwort, thread-leaved sandwort
Eremogone congesta
Distribution: Okanogan County, Washington, south on the east side of the Cascades to Oregon and the Sierra Nevada of California, east to the Rockies.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert to alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
var. cephaloidea – ballhead sandwort, sharptip sandwort
var. congesta – ballhead sandwort
var. prolifera – ballhead sandwort
Eremogone franklinii
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Sand dunes, scabland and sagebrush slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
var. franklinii – Franklin's sandwort
var. thompsonii – Thompson's sandwort
Gypsophila paniculatababy's breath
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed, open, dry, often sandy areas. Noxious weed in eastern Washington and Idaho.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: June-September
Herniaria hirsutahairy rupturewort
Distribution: Recently collected in Spokane County; Washington and California, also in Maryland and Massachusetts
Habitat: Disturbed sandy flats, roadsides, and woodlands at low elevation
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Holosteum umbellatumjagged-chickweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crestin Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, most common in the shrub-steppe.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-May
Honckenya peploides
Distribution: Occuring along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to northern Oregon, northeastern North America and Greenland.
Habitat: Coastal beaches and sand dunes.
Flowers: May-September
ssp. major – sea purslane
Lepyrodiclis holosteoidesFalse jagged-chickweed
Origin: Introduced
Loeflingia squarrosaspreading pygmyleaf
Origin: Native
Minuartia eleganselegant stitchwort
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Minuartia nuttallii
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Sagebrush hills to alpine slopes, especially on gravelly benches or talus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. fragilis – brittle sandwort, brittle stichwort
var. nuttallii – Nuttall's sandwort
Minuartia pusillaannual sandwort, dwarf sandwort, dwarf stitchwort
Origin: Native
Minuartia rubellaboreal stitchwort
Distribution: Alaska to Greenland, south in the mountains to Oregon and New Mexico
Habitat: Subalpine to alpine meadows, ridges and talus slopes
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Minuartia tenellaslender sandwort, slender stitchwort
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon.
Habitat: Lowlands, prairies and coastal bluffs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Moehringia lateriflorablunt-leaf sandwort, bluntleaf sandwort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington, though more common east of the crest; occurring throughout much of North America except along the southern U.S. boundary.
Habitat: Forest understory and edge, open meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Moehringia macrophyllalarge-leaf sandwort
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades, east to the Atlantic Coast
Habitat: Moist to dry, shaded to open woods, meadows and rocky slopes in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - August
Moenchia erectaupright chickweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California; in scattered locations in other parts of the central and southern U.S.
Habitat: Open, disturbed areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-May
Myosoton aquaticumgiant chickweed, water chickweed
Distribution: Introduced in much of eastern United States; occasional in the Pacific Coast states and British Columbia.
Habitat: Stream banks, woods, marshes and wet meadows.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - October
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
Origin: Introduced
ssp. tetraphyllum – fourleaf manyseed
Pseudostellaria jamesianasticky-starwort
Distribution: East of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho, Wyoming and New Mexico.
Habitat: Moist or dry open woods, rocky slopes and meadows, from moderate to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Sabulina basalticabasalt sandwort, Olympic sandwort
Origin: Native
Sabulina sororiaTwin Sisters sandwort
Origin: Native
Sagina apetalaannual pearlwort
Distribution: Occurring in the lowlands west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; Kansas.
Habitat: Waste ground.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-June
Sagina decumbens
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to southern California.
Habitat: Moist soil at low elevations, but not typically coastal.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
ssp. occidentalis – western pearlwort
Sagina maxima
Distribution: Occurring in counties along the coast in Washington; distinctly coastal, Alaska south to Monterey County, California.
Habitat: Moist sand or rocks.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
ssp. crassicaulis – stick-stemmed pearlwort
Sagina procumbensbird-eye pearlwort
Distribution: Introduced west of the Cascades, British Columbia to California
Habitat: Moist areas, especially gardens
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May - October
Sagina saginoidesalpine pearlwort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Alberta; east across northern Canada to Greenland.
Habitat: Open areas, typically where at least seasonally moist, from mid elevations to the alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September.
Saponaria ocymoidesrock soapwort
Distribution: Garden plant, occasionally escaping but rarely persistent, in the Pacific Coast states and a few states in eastern United States.
Habitat: Old gardens, waste sites and rocky places.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - July
Saponaria officinalisbouncing-bet
Distribution: Introduced throughout the United States; common east of the Cascades in Washington
Habitat: Roadsides and waste ground
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July - September
Scleranthus annuusannual knawel
Distribution: Occasional introductions throughout the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Disturbed soils, waste lots, cultivated areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-July
Silene acaulismoss campion
Distribution: Alaska to Oregon, and south in the Rocky Mountains to Arizona
Habitat: Rock crevices and talus slopes at high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Silene antirrhinasleepy catchfly
Distribution: Distributed widely throughout Washington; occurring across North America from low elevations to 10,000 feet.
Habitat: Open areas, often where disturbed.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Silene armeriasweet William catchfly
Distribution: Introduced as an ornmental and occasionally escaping throughout North America.
Habitat: Disturbed soil and wasteland.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - July
Silene bernardinaPalmer's catchfly
Origin: Native
Silene conicasand catchfly
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May - July
Silene conoideaconoid catchfly
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May - July
Silene coronariarose campion
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Utah; eastern North America.
Habitat: Along roadways, railways and waste land.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Silene csereiibiennial campion
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Washington, east across the central and northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including fields, roadsides, and wastelots.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Silene dichotomaforked catchfly
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May - July
Silene dioicared catchfly
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in lowland western Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, roadsides, and wastelots where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Silene douglasii
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout most of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Sagebrush plains to mountain slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. douglasii – Douglas's catchfly
var. rupinae – Douglas's catchfly
Silene flos-cuculiragged-robin
Origin: Introduced
Silene gallicawindmill-pink
Distribution: Occurring in the lowlands west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Arizona; also in the eastern half of the U.S.
Habitat: Weed of disturbed soil and wasteland.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Silene latifoliawhite campion
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; introduced in much of North America.
Habitat: Well established in undisturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Silene menziesiiMenzies' catchfly
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Common in open woods from the lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Silene noctifloranight-flowering catchfly
Distribution: Introduced in much of the United States; more common east of the Cascades in Washington.
Habitat: Grain fields and waste areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - August
Silene oreganaOregon catchfly
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains of Montana, Wyoming, and Utah.
Habitat: Forest openings and meadows from middle elevation to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Silene parryiParry's silene
Distribution: Widely distributed across Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east in the mountains to Montana and Utah.
Habitat: Open areas, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Silene repenscampion, pink catchfly campion, creeping silene
Origin: Native
Silene scouleri
Distribution: Occuring in localities on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Prairies and open timberland, low to moderate elevations.
Flowers: June-August
ssp. hallii – Hall's catchfly
ssp. scouleri – Scouler's silene
Silene seelyiSeely's silene
Distribution: Wenatchee Mountains, Kittitas and Chelan Counties, Washington.
Habitat: Cliffs and talus slopes at moderate to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - August
Silene spaldingiiSpalding's silene
Distribution: Occurring in southeastern counties of Washington; southeastern Washington to adjacent northeastern Oregon and western Idaho, also in western Montana.
Habitat: Sagebrush, scabland and ponderosa pine forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Silene suksdorfiiCascade catchfly
Distribution: Occurring in the Cascades Mountains in Washington; from Mt. Baker, Washington area south to northern California.
Habitat: Alpine and subalpine slopes, often on talus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Silene vulgarisbladder campion
Distribution: Occurring in many areas throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America except along the southern areas of the U.S.
Habitat: Weed of waste ground, usually at lower elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Spergula arvensiscorn spurry
Distribution: Introduced in much of the United States; mostly west of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon
Habitat: Weed of waste ground, usually at lower elevations
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: March - October
Spergularia canadensis
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to California.
Habitat: Coastal tidelands and mudflats.
Flowers: June-August
var. occidentalis – Canadian sandspurry
Spergularia diandraalkali sandspurry
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April - July
Spergularia macrotheca
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; British Columbia south to Baja California.
Habitat: Along the sea shore, often in salt marshes and rock crevices in the splash zone.
Flowers: June-September
var. macrotheca – beach sandspurry
Spergularia rubrared sandspurry
Distribution: Occurring throughout Washington; introduced from Europe and common throughout North America.
Habitat: Weed of gardens, waste places, disturbed grasslands and forest openings.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-October
Spergularia salinasaltmarsh sandspurry
Distribution: Both coastal and inland populations in Washington; Native and introduced throughout North America.
Habitat: Saline or brackish areas along the coast, and alkaline areas inland.
Origin: Both Native and Introduced
Flowers: May-August
Stellaria alsinebog stichwort
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Washington in western North America; native to eastern North America; also introduced in Chile.
Habitat: Streambanks, culverts, ditches, and moist forest edges, typically where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Stellaria borealis
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to New York and Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist areas, rocky slopes and meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - early August
ssp. borealis – boreal starwort
ssp. sitchana – boreal starwort
Stellaria calycanthanorthern bog starwort
Distribution: Circumpolar, south in North America to California, Michegan and New York.
Habitat: Moist meadows and steam banks, low to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - Early August
Stellaria crispacrisped starwort
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Alberta and Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist areas in the lowlands and lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - Early August
Stellaria gramineagrass-leaf starwort
Distribution: Introduced and abundant in eastern United States; occasional in western Washington and Idaho.
Habitat: Chiefly in lawns.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May - July
Stellaria humifusasaltmarsh starwort
Distribution: Occurring along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east across Canada to the Atlantic coast; circumpolar.
Habitat: Salt marshes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Stellaria longifolialong-leaved starwort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America except in the south-central and southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Wet meadows, swamps, marshes, forested wetlands at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Stellaria longipes
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska south to California, east to New York and New Mexico.
Habitat: Moist streambanks and rocky slopes at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
ssp. longipes – Goldie's starwort
Stellaria mediacommon chickweed
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout most of Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, often where moist in spring; very common.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: February-October
Stellaria neglectagreater chickweed
Origin: Introduced
Stellaria nitensshiny starwort
Distribution: British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Gravelly prairies and stream banks to grassy hillsides at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Stellaria obtusablunt-sepaled starwort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Canadian and Southern Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist forest and riparian zone understory, talus slopes, from low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Stellaria pallidalesser chickweed
Origin: Introduced
Stellaria umbellataumbrella starwort
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in central and south-central Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Northwest Territories, south throughout western U.S.
Habitat: Wetlands, riparian zones, stream banks.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Vaccaria hispanicacowcockle
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations across Washington; widely distributed throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, railways and old fields.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August