Cypress Family
3 genera
6 species
3 subspecies and varieties
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Callitropsis nootkatensisAlaskan yellow cedar
Distribution: In the Cascades and Olympic Mountains of Washington; Alaska south at increasing altitudes to northern California.
Habitat: Moist areas, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: May-July
Juniperus communis
Distribution: Much of Canada and the United States
Habitat: Lowland woods to mountain valleys and open, rocky alpine slopes
Cones: April - May
var. depressa – common juniper, dwarf juniper, ground juniper, prostrate juniper
var. montana – common juniper
Juniperus maritimaseaside juniper
Distribution: Puget Trough in Washington; Georgia Basin in British Columbia
Habitat: Open areas at low to mid-elevation in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Juniperus occidentalis
Distribution: Common east of the Cascades in Oregon, south to California; occasional north to Kittitas County in Washington and east to Idaho
Habitat: Desert foothills and lower mountains
Cones: May - June
var. occidentalis – western juniper.
Juniperus scopulorumRocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain redcedar
Distribution: British Columbia to Oregon, east to Nebraska
Habitat: Coastal islands to inland valleys and lower mountains
Origin: Native
Cones: May - June
Thuja plicatacanoe cedar, western red cedar
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to northern California, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Moist or swampy areas from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: Producing cones in April-May