Hydrophyllaceae
Waterleaf Family
5 genera
26 species
16 subspecies and varieties
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Hesperochiron californicusCalifornia monkey-fiddle
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; south to California, eastward from Montana to Utah.
Habitat: Mostly in more or less alkaline meadows and flats, in plains, foothills and valleys
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Hesperochiron pumilusdwarf monkey-fiddle
Distribution: East of the Cascade summits in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Utah and Arizona.
Habitat: Meadows and moist, open slopes from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Hydrophyllum capitatum
Distribution: Mostly east of the Cascade summits in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Somewhat moist open slopes and woodlands, foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
var. capitatum – wool breeches, ballhead waterleaf
var. thompsonii – wool breeches, ballhead waterleaf
Hydrophyllum fendleri
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Utah.
Habitat: Thickets and moist open places, from lowlands to mid elevations in mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. albifrons – Fendler's waterleaf
var. fendleri – Fendler's waterleaf
Hydrophyllum tenuipesPacific waterleaf
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; Vancouver Island, British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods at lower elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Nemophila brevifloraGreat Basin baby-blue-eyes
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; southern British Columbia to south to California, east to Colorado and Montana.
Habitat: Wooded slopes, thickets, and less often in open places, from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Nemophila kirtleyiSnake Canyon baby-blue-eyes
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - May
Nemophila maculatafive-spot
Distribution: Known in Washington only as a garden escape in King County; southwestern Oregon to southern California.
Habitat: In our area a garden escape to open areas; in its native range found in meadows, roadbanks, and woodland.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June
Nemophila menziesiibaby blue-eyes
Distribution: Known in Washington only as a garden escape in King County; southwestern Oregon to southern California.
Habitat: In our area a garden escape to open areas; in its native range found in meadows, roadbanks, and woodland.
Origin: Introduced from California and Oregon
Flowers: May-june
var. menziesii – baby blue-eyes
Nemophila parviflora
Distribution: More common west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Utah.
Habitat: Shady, wooded slopes, low to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
var. austiniae – small-flowered nemophila
var. parviflora – small-flowered nemophila
Nemophila pedunculatameadow baby-blue-eyes, spreading nemophila
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, south to Baja California, east to Nevada and Idaho.
Habitat: Moist, open places, like meadows and bottom lands, in the foothills and lowlands, occasionally somewhat higher.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Phacelia bolanderiBolander's phacelia, Bolander's scorpion-weed
Distribution: Disjunct in Pacific and Wahkiakum counties, Washington; Coos Bay, Oregon south along the coast to Sonoma County, California.
Habitat: Mostly on open, often unstable slopes at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Phacelia frankliniiFranklin's scorpion-weed
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Phacelia glanduliferasticky phacelia, glandular-hair scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open areas in sagebrush-steppe habitat.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June
Phacelia hastatasilverleaf phacelia, whiteleaf phacelia
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Dakotas and Nebraska.
Habitat: Dry, open, often sandy areas, low to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. compacta – silverleaf phacelia, whiteleaf phacelia
var. hastata – silverleaf phacelia, whiteleaf phacelia
var. leptosepala – narrow-sepal scorpion-weed
Phacelia heterophylla
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Widespread in dry, open places from the foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
ssp. heterophylla – varileaf phacelia
ssp. virgata – varileaf phacelia
var. humilis – low phacelia
Phacelia lentasticky scorpion-weed
Distribution: Endemic to Columbia Basin of central Washington.
Habitat: Open rocky habitats, talus, rocky outcrops.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Phacelia linearisthread-leaf scorpion-weed
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Utah.
Habitat: Common in dry, open places in the foothills and plains to moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Phacelia minutissimaleast phacelia, dwarf scorpion-weed
Distribution: Uncommon; known from the type locality in Idaho, the Wallowa Mountains of Oregon, Elko County, Nevada, and Kittitas County, Washington.
Habitat: Moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July
Phacelia mutabilischangeable scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Nevada.
Habitat: Open areas at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Phacelia nemoralis
Distribution: Chiefly from the coast to the lower western slopes of the Cascades in Washington; south to California.
Habitat: Thickets and woodlands, usually in fairly dry and shady areas, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
ssp. oregonensis – woodland phacelia
Phacelia proceratall scorpion-weed
Distribution: Chiefly in the East Cascades Mountains of Washington; south to the northern Sierra and Coast Ranges of California; also in the Blue Mountains of Oregon and adjacent Idaho.
Habitat: Meadows and lightly wooded slopes at moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. ramosissima – branched phacelia
Phacelia sericea
Distribution: In the Olympic and Cascade mountains of Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Open, often rocky areas, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. sericea – silky phacelia
Phacelia tetrameradwarf phacelia, four-part yellow scorpion-weed
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Romanzoffia sitchensisSitka mistmaiden
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to northern California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Wet cliffs and ledges, usually at mid- to high elevations in the mountains, but descending to near sea level in the Columbia River Gorge.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Romanzoffia tracyiTracy's mistmaiden
Distribution: Along the coast in southwestern Washington; south to northern California.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs and rocks.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-April