Lamiaceae
Mint Family
Synonyms:
Labiatae [HC]
32 genera
64 species
15 subspecies and varieties
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Agastache occidentaliswestern giant-hyssop
Distribution: East slopes of the Cascades, Chelan to Yakima Counties, Washington; south to Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, open, often rocky slopes at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Agastache urticifolianettle-leaf giant-hyssop
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Dry open slopes and draws, foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. urticifolia – nettle-leaf giant-hyssop
Ajuga reptanscarpet bugle
Distribution: Introduced (and occasionally escaping from cultivation) west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon; widespread in central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, often in forest understory.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Ballota nigra
Distribution: Lowland areas west of the Cascades in Washington; currently only known from Washington.
Habitat: Disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-October
ssp. foetida – black horehound
Clinopodium douglasiiOregon-tea
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascade summits in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Coniferous woods, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Clinopodium vulgarewild basil
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east across North America in scattered states and provinces.
Habitat: Disturbed areas at low elevation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Dracocephalum parviflorumAmerican dragonhead
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed across much of North America except in several states along the southern U.S. border.
Habitat: Open, often moist places at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Galeopsis bifidabifid hemp nettle
Distribution: Known from Kittitas County in Washington; Alaska to Washington, east across north U.S. and Canada to Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, roadsides, and irrigation channels.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July-August
Galeopsis tetrahitcommon hemp nettle
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to Newfoundland, south to Central Plains and Mid-Atlantic states.
Habitat: Meadows and other moist places.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-August
Glechoma hederaceafield balm, creeping Charlie, gill over the ground, groundivy
Distribution: Occurring in locations throughout Washington; introduced thoughout nearly all of North America.
Habitat: Moist woods and thickets, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-June
Hyssopus officinalis
Origin: Introduced
Lallemantia peltatalion's heart
Origin: Introduced
Lamiastrum galeobdolonyellow archangel
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; California and scattered localities in eastern U.S.
Habitat: Introduced as an ornamental, escaping in lowland forest understory and disturbed soil in shaded areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-June
Lamium album
Origin: Introduced
Lamium amplexicaulecommon dead-nettle, giraffehead
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; introduced and widespread in North America; Eurasia and North Africa.
Habitat: Weed in distrurbed areas, fields, lawns.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-July
Lamium hybridumcutleaf dead-nettle
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Lamium maculatumspotted hen-nettle, spotted henbit
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska, Oregon, Idaho; eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April - August
Lamium purpureumred dead-nettle, henbit
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington, but more common on the west side; introduced throughout North America.
Habitat: Weed in distrurbed areas, fields, lawns at lower elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-July
Lavandula ×intermedia
Origin: Introduced
Lavandula stoechas
Origin: Introduced
Leonurus cardiacamotherwort, Lion's tail
Distribution: Scattered location in Washington; found occasionally in North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, often in association with cities and towns.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Lycopus americanuscut-leaf water-horehound
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Nonalkaline wetland, riparian, pond and lakeshore sites at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Lycopus asperrough water-horehound
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades; southern British Columbia to California, east to Colorado and Minnisota.
Habitat: Marshes and shores of streams and lakes; tolerant of alkali.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Lycopus europaeusEuropean water-horehound
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Lycopus uniflorusnorthern bugleweed
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to Newfoundland, south to northwest California and North Carolina.
Habitat: Stream banks, marshes and peat bogs, mostly in the mountains, but descending to sea level west of the Cascades.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Marrubium vulgarewhite horehound
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; introduced in most of the United States.
Habitat: Weed of disturbed sites
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-October
Melissa officinalislemonbalm
Distribution: Scattered localities across Washington; Alaska south to California; central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed habitats.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June - August
Mentha aquaticabergamot mint, water mint
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California; central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Lake and pond shores, riparian areas, and wetlands.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-September.
Mentha canadensis
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to California, east across Canada and most of the United States.
Habitat: Common in lake and pond shore margins, riparian and wetland areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Mentha ×piperitapeppermint
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout in North America.
Habitat: Banks of streams and ditches, bottom lands and moist roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July-September
Mentha pulegiumpennyroyal
Distribution: Southern and southwestern Washington along the Columbia River; British Columbia south to California; scattered in eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-October
Mentha spicataspearmint
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; widespread throughout all of North America.
Habitat: Banks of streams and ditches and other damp places.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Mentha suaveolensapple mint
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Washington to California and Arizona
Habitat: Roadsides, wasteland, and other disturbed sites.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July-September
Mentha ×villosafoxtail mint
Origin: Introduced
Monarda didymascarlet beebalm, Oswego tea
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Monarda fistulosawild bergamot
Origin: Native
Monardella odoratissimamountain monardella
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Open, dry, often rocky places, low deserts to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
ssp. discolor – mountain monardella
ssp. odoratissima – mountain monardella
Nepeta catariacatnip
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington, but in scattered locations on the west side; widely established throughout North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, streambanks, waste places, sometimes in relatively undisturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Origanum vulgarewild marjoram
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; introduced from Eurasia into northeastern United States.
Habitat: Escaped from cultivation along roadsides and in disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Perilla frutescens
Origin: Introduced
Perovskia atriplicifolia
Origin: Introduced
Physostegia parviflorapurple dragonhead, western false dragonhead
Distribution: East of the Cascade summits, British Columbia south through Washington to the Columbia Gorge, where west to Portland, Oregon; east to Idaho and North Dakota.
Habitat: Shores of strams and lakes, marshes, and other low, wet places in the valleys and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - September
Prunella vulgaris
Distribution: Throughout Washington; occurring throughout all of North America.
Habitat: Moist areas, sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Both native and introduced
Flowers: May-September
var. lanceolata – heal-all, self-heal
var. vulgaris – heal-all, self-heal
Salvia aethiopisAfrican sage
Distribution: Introduced from the Mediterranean region to southwest United States, spreading north to eastern Oregon.
Habitat: A weed of dry waste places and roadsides.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - July
Salvia dorriigray ball sage
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; south to California, east to Utah and Arizona.
Habitat: Dry, open, often sandy or rocky areas in the plains and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. incana – fleshy sage, gray-ball sage
Salvia nemorosaBalkan clary
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Salvia pratensismeadow clary, prairie-meadow sage
Distribution: Scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; escaping in parts of western, central, and eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed habitats.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Salvia sclareacleareye
Distribution: Scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; occasionally escaping in parts of western, central, and eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Salvia virgatawand sage
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Scutellaria angustifolia
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, southeast to Idaho, Nevada and Utah.
Habitat: Moist and drier sites, moderate to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
ssp. angustifolia – narrow-leaved skullcap
ssp. micrantha – small-flowering narrow-leaved skullcap
Scutellaria galericulatahooded skullcap, marsh skullcapp
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; circumboreal, extending south to California, Arizona and Missouri.
Habitat: Wet meadows and similar habitats at moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Scutellaria laterifloramadweed, mad-dog skullcap
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; occurring throughout North America.
Habitat: Moist bottomlands and meadows, low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Stachys arvensisfield hedge-nettle, staggerweed
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington near Seattle and Bellingham; British Columbia south to California; Gulf Coast and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Weed in disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-June
Stachys byzantina
Origin: Introduced
Stachys cooleyaeCooley's hedge-nettle
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California.
Habitat: Forest understory, openings, and margins at low to moderate elevations in the mountains; often where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Stachys mexicanaMexican hedge-nettle
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California.
Habitat: Forest understory, openings, and margins, often where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Stachys pilosamarsh betony, swamp hedge-nettle
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout most of North America except extreme southeastern U.S. and northeastern Canada.
Habitat: Swamps, marshes, wetlands and riparian areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. pilosa – marsh betony, swamp hedge-nettle
Stachys rigidarigid hedge-nettle
Distribution: Scattered locations mostly west of the Cascades in Washington; south to California and adjacent Nevada.
Habitat: Stream banks and moist bottom lands, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Teucrium canadensewestern germander
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; throughout the United States and adjacent portions of Canada and Mexico.
Habitat: Stream banks and moist bottom lands, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. occidentale – Germander
Thymus pulegioideslemon thyme
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Thymus serpyllum
Origin: Introduced
Trichostema lanceolatumvinegar weed
Origin: Native
Trichostema oblongummountain bluecurls
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; adjacent Idaho, east through the Columbia River Gorge to the Wilamette Valley of Oregon, and south to California.
Habitat: Moist, open places, often on disturbed soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Ziziphora acinosbasil-thyme
Origin: Introduced