Liliaceae
Lily Family
10 genera
28 species
8 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Order by:
Scientific name
Common name
Display as:
Calochortus apiculatusBaker's mariposa-lily, pointed mariposa-lily, three-spot mariposa-lily
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the northeast counties of Washington; southeastern British Columbia to northeastern Washington, east to southeastern Alberta, northern Idaho, and western Montana.
Habitat: Dry meadows to sparse or deep woodlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Calochortus eleganselegant cats-ear, northwestern mariposa lily, elegant sego lily
Distribution: East of the Casades crest in Washington; Washington to Oregon and northern California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Grassy hillsides and open coniferous forests, middle to high elvations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
var. elegans – elegant cat's ear, northwest mariposa lily
Calochortus eurycarpusbig-pod mariposa lily, wide-fruited mariposa lily
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington; southeastern Washington to eastern Oregon, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Grasslands and open coniferous forests at moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Calochortus longebarbatuslong-bearded sego-lily
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest inYakima and Klickitat counties in Washington; south-central Washington to northern California.
Habitat: Open meadows, low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Calochortus lyalliiLyall's mariposa-lily
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington; British Columbia south along the east slope of the Cascades to south-central Washington.
Habitat: Dry, open coniferous forests at moderate to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Calochortus macrocarpussagebrush mariposa lily, green-banded star-tulip
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Nevada.
Habitat: Dry open forests, hillsides, grasslands and sagebrush, low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. macrocarpus – sagebrush mariposa lily
var. maculosus – sagebrush mariposa
Calochortus nitidusbroad-fruited mariposa lily
Distribution: Occurring in Whitman County in Washington; Washington east to adjacent areas of Idaho and in northeast Oregon.
Habitat: Meadows at low elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Calochortus subalpinusmountain mariposa, subalpine mariposa-lily
Distribution: Chiefly in the Cascades of Washington near Mt. Adams and Mt St. Helens, Washington; south to the Three Sisters in Oregon.
Habitat: Open forests in loose volcanic soils, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Clintonia uniflorabride's-bonnet, queen's cup
Distribution: Occurring in forested areas throughout Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Moist coniferous forests, from the foothills to fairly high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythronium grandiflorumyellow fawn-lily, glacier-lily
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Sagebrush slopes to near timberline in the mountains, often blooming near snow fields.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-August
var. grandiflorum – yellow fawn lily
Erythronium idahoensepale fawn lily, yellow fawn lily
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - August
Erythronium montanumavalanche lily, white avalanche lily
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Coast Range and Vancouver Island in British Columbia to Oregon.
Habitat: Forest openings and mountain meadows, subalpine to alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Erythronium oregonumdeer's tongue, giant fawn lily, wild easter lily
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the Puget Sound lowlands and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Prairies, rocky balds, moist woods; at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
ssp. oregonum – giant fawn lily, wild easter lily, deer's tongue
Erythronium quinaultenseOlympic fawn-lily, Quinault trout-lily
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington, where endemic to Grays Harbor and Jefferson counties.
Habitat: Coniferous forest understory and edge, and moist slopes at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Erythronium revolutumcoast fawn lily, pink fawn lily, mahogany fawn lily
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to northwest California.
Habitat: Along river banks and the edge of woods, in open or in moderate shade.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Fritillaria affinismission bells, checker lily, chocolate lily, rice-root lily
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, disjunct in eastern Washington and northern Idaho.
Habitat: Prairies, balds, and grassy bluffs to woodlands and coniferous forests, sea level to fairly high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Fritillaria camschatcensisblack lily, Indian rice
Distribution: Chiefly northern Puget Sound lowlands in Washington; Kodiak Island and coastal Alaska south to Washington.
Habitat: Moist areas from near tide flats to mountain meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Fritillaria pudicayellow bells, yellow fritillary, yellow missionbells
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California and Nevada, east to Montana and Utah.
Habitat: Shrub-steppe to mixed coniferous forests, from low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Gagea villosahairy star-of-bethleham
Origin: Introduced
Lilium columbianumColumbia lily
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to northwestern Montana.
Habitat: Prairies, forest edge, forest openings, and meadows from sea level to to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Lloydia serotinaalpine lily
Distribution: In the Olympic and Cascade mountains of Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east to Montana and Alberta, and south in the Rockies to New Mexico.
Habitat: Gravelly ridges, cliffs and rock crevices at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
var. serotina – alpine lily
Prosartes hookerifairy-bells, Hooker's fairy-bells
Distribution: Occurring in forested areas on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Moist, shady, wooded areas, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Prosartes smithiiSmith's fairy bells
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Open to dense moist woods at lower elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Prosartes trachycarpawartberryfairy bells
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains of the U.S. and Canada, reaching Ontario and Michigan.
Habitat: Wooded slopes, often near streams, and in aspen groves.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Streptopus amplexifoliuscucumber root, clasping twisted stalk, clasp-leaf twisted-stalk, clasping twisted-stalk
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, also in northeastern North America.
Habitat: Open to dense moist forests from low elevations to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Streptopus lanceolatusrosy twisted stalk
Distribution: Distributed throughout the Olympic and Cascade mountains in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon.
Habitat: Streambanks and damp woods at moderate to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Streptopus streptopoidesKruhsea, kruhsea
Origin: Native
Tulipa gesnerianacommon garden tulip
Origin: Introduced from Old World, exact origin unknown