Phrymaceae
Lopseed Family
4 genera
28 species
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Common name
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Diplacus cusickioides
Distribution: Known only from Klickitat County in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho
Habitat: Open, gravelly, dry slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Diplacus nanusdwarf purple monkey-flower, dwarf purple monkeyflower
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Open, very dry areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Erythranthe alsinoideschickweed monkey-flower, wing-stem monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Shady, vernally (springtime) moist places on cliffs and ledges, especially at low elevations; often growing in moss mats.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Erythranthe ampliataNez Perce monkeyflower
Origin: Native
Erythranthe arvensis
Origin: Native
Erythranthe breviflorashort-flower monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist and wet open areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe breweriBrewer's monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Dry to moist open woods and meadows at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Erythranthe caespitosalarge mountain monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympics and Cascades mountains of Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Wet meadows and wet, rocky slopes at high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Erythranthe cardinalisscarlet monkey-flower
Distribution: Only known from a few locations in Washington; Washington south to California, east to the southern Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Streambanks, where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced?
Flowers: May-August
Erythranthe decora
Origin: Native
Erythranthe dentatatooth-leaved mimulus, coastal monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Stream banks and other moist places.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Erythranthe floribundapurple-stem monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia south to California and east to Montana.
Habitat: Moist open places at moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-October
Erythranthe guttataseep monkey-flower, yellow monkeyflower
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Dakotas.
Habitat: Wet places, sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-September
Erythranthe jungermannioidesliverwort monkey-flower
Distribution: Known historically from the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Washington and Oregon, south along the Deschutes River to Maupin.
Habitat: Moss mats on cliffs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Erythranthe lewisiigreat purple monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Montana, Wyoming and Colorado.
Habitat: Common in wet places at mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Erythranthe microphylla
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; central BC to California, east to western Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, wet meadows, streambanks, and seeps.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Erythranthe moniliformis
Origin: Native
Erythranthe moschatamusk flower, sticky monkeyflower, musk-flower, musk-plant
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Streambanks, moist meadows and seeps, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Erythranthe nasuta
Origin: Native
Erythranthe patula
Origin: Native
Erythranthe primuloidesprimrose monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, Arizona and New Mexico, east to Montana and Utah.
Habitat: Wet, boggy areas at mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Erythranthe pulsiferaecandelabrum monkey-flower, Pulsifer's monkey-flower
Origin: Native
Erythranthe suksdorfiiminiature monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Mt Adams south to southern California, east to Colorado and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open, moist to rather dry places, from the valleys and foothills to moderate or occasionally higher elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe tilingiilarge mountain monkey-flower
Distribution: In the Cascade and Olympic Mountains of Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Montana, Colorado and New Mexico.
Habitat: Wet meadows and wet, rocky slopes at high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Erythranthe washingtonensisWashington monkey-flower
Origin: Native
Mimetanthe pilosadowny monkey-flower, false monkey-flower
Origin: Native
Mimulus nanus
Distribution: East of the Cascades, British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Colorado
Habitat: Open, very dry areas
Flowers: May - August
Mimulus ringensAllegheny monkey-flower, Allegheny monkeyflower
Distribution: Occurring along the Columbia and Snake rivers in Washington, where introduced; native to eastern North America.
Habitat: Riparian corridors in open sites, tolerant of episodic or extensive inundation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: August-September