Primulaceae
Primrose Family
Synonyms:
Myrsinaceae
Theophrastaceae
7 genera
25 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Anagallis arvensisscarlet pimpernel
Distribution: Scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Weed of disturbed open areas, waste ground.
Origin: Introduced from from Eurasia
Flowers: May-June
Androsace filiformisslender-stem rock-jasmine
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Androsace septentrionalisnorthern fairy-candelabra, rock jasmine, pygmyflower
Distribution: Northern Washington; circumpolar in the arctic, widespread in Canada, pacific coast of the United States east to Dakotas, Minnesota, and Texas.
Habitat: Alpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Dodecatheon alpinumalpine shootingstar
Distribution: Known from south-central portion of Washington; Washington south to California, east to Utah and Arizona.
Habitat: Moist to wet areas in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Dodecatheon austrofrigidumtundra shootingstar
Distribution: Occurring in coastal counties in southwestern Washington and northwestern Oregon.
Habitat: Moist basaltic slopes, cliff faces, in coniferous forests along streams, or in alpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Dodecatheon conjugens
Distribution: East slopes of the Cascades, British Columbia to California, east to Alberta and Wyoming
Habitat: Vernally moist areas in sagebrush to meadows at mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
var. conjugens – desert shooting star, slimpod shooting star
var. viscidum – desert shooting star, slimpod shooting star
Dodecatheon dentatumwhite shooting star
Distribution: Olympic Mountains and east of the Cascades, British Columbia to northern Oregon; also in central Idaho
Habitat: Streambanks and other wet places at moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Dodecatheon hendersoniibroad-leaved shooting star, Henderson's shooting star
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Woods and prairies, at low elevations in our area.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Dodecatheon jeffreyiJeffrey's shooting star, tall mountain shooting star
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Montana and Wyoming; in the Olympic and Cascade Mountains in Washington
Habitat: Wet meadows and stream banks, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Dodecatheon poeticumpoet's shootingstar, narcissus shooting star
Distribution: From around Satus Creek, Yakima County, Washington, to Klickitat and Skamania Counties, south to Wasco and Hood River Counties, Oregon.
Habitat: Grassy slopes to drier woods, usually where vernally moist, often near seeps or springs along basaltic outcrops.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - May
Dodecatheon pulchellum
Distribution: Alaska to Mexico, east to Pennsylvania; found throughout the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Coastal prairies to inland saline swamps and shrub-steppe, sea level to timberline
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
var. cusickii – Cusick's shootingstar, Cusick's shooting star, sticky shooting star
var. monanthum – dark-throated shooting star
var. pulchellum – dark-throated shooting star
Douglasia laevigatasmooth douglasia, cliff dwarf primrose
Distribution: In the Cascade and Olympic Mountains west of the Cascade crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon.
Habitat: Moist coastal bluffs to rocky alpine ridges.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-August
Douglasia nivalissnow douglasii
Distribution: Wenatchee Mountains of Kittitas County, Washington, north into Chelan, Douglas, and Okanogan counties.
Habitat: Sagebrush slopes to alpine ridges and talus, often in serpentine soils.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Lysimachia ciliatafringed yellow-loosestrife
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Moist woods, prairies, meadows, stream banks, roadsides.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Lysimachia hybridalance-leaved yellow loosestrife, lowland loosestrife, Mississippi loosestrife, lowland yellow-loosestrife
Origin: Introduced
Lysimachia maritimasea milkwort, sea-milkwort
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington, also in saline areas of the Columbia Basin in eastern Washington; circumboreal, Alaska to California, east to Newfoundland, south in eastern North America to Virginia.
Habitat: Coastal tideflats and saline areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Lysimachia minimachaffweed
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington, though also found along the lower Columbia River west of the Cascades; throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Moist ground and vernal pools at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Lysimachia nummulariacreeping-Jenny
Distribution: Scattered locations west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California and Nevada; occurring in central U.S and eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist, disturbed ground along lakes, ponds, roadsides and near gardens.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Lysimachia punctatalarge yellow-loosestrife
Distribution: Scattered localities across Washington; British Columbia south Oregon, east to Montana; scattered throughout central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Old fields, roadsides and stream banks.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July-August
Lysimachia terrestrisswampcandles
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon and Idaho; native and abundant in central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Cultivated cranberry bogs, and swamps.
Origin: Introduced from E. NA
Flowers: June-August
Lysimachia thyrsifloratufted yellow-loosestrife
Distribution: Distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, eastern North America.
Habitat: Swamps, lakes and ditches.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Lysimachia vulgarisgarden yellow-loosestrife
Distribution: Occasional in the Puget Trough of western Washington, and at one location in Chelan County; British Columbia, Washington, Montana, Colorado, and widely distributed in eastern North America.
Habitat: Uncommon garden escape of moist areas, lake and pond margins, and riparian zones.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Samolus parvifloruswater pimpernel
Origin: Native
Trientalis europaeaArctic starflower, northern starflower
Distribution: Both side of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Alberta and Idaho.
Habitat: Bogs and swamps, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Trientalis latifoliabroad-leaved starflower, western starflower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory south to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Woods and prairies, low to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July