Saxifragaceae
Saxifrage Family
21 genera
55 species
12 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Order by:
Scientific name
Common name
Display as:
Bolandra oregananorthern false coolwort
Distribution: Along the Columbia River Gorge and in southeastern Washington; Washington south to Oregon along the lower Columbia River Gorge, and along the Snake River and its tributaries in Oregon and Idaho.
Habitat: Moist, mossy rocks, usually near waterfalls.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Boykinia intermediagreater boykinia, Sierran brookfoam
Distribution: Occurring on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington; Washington south along the coast to central Oregon.
Habitat: Moist woods, meadows, streambanks, roadside ditches.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Boykinia occidentaliscoastal brookfoam
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods and along streams, lowlands and along the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Cascadia nuttalliiNuttall's saxifrage
Distribution: Grays Harbor and Pacific counties in Washington; Washington south along the Oregon coast to Curry County, Oregon.
Habitat: Wet banks and near waterfalls, usually growing in moss.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
Chrysosplenium glechomifoliumPacific golden-saxifrage, Pacific watercarpet
Distribution: West of the Cascades and mostly along the coast, British Columbia south to northwest California.
Habitat: Moist, usually swampy places, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late March - May
Chrysosplenium tetrandrumnorthern golden-saxifrage
Distribution: In Washington known only from the north-central part of the state: Alaska south to Washington, east to Montana and Colorado in the U.S., east across Canada to the Atlantic Coast; circumpolar.
Habitat: Rock crevices and wet banks and slopes, high elevations in our area.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Elmera racemosaElmera
Distribution: In the Olympic and Cascade Mountains of Washington; Washington south to Oregon.
Habitat: Rock crevices and rocky ridges and slopes, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. puberulenta – fuzzy elmera
var. racemosa – common elmera
Hemieva ranunculifoliabuttercup-leaf mock brookfoam
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to northern California, east to Alberta and Montana.
Habitat: Foothills to subalpine slopes, on wet, mossy rocks, often where dry by mid-summer.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Heuchera chloranthagreen-flowered alumroot, meadow alumroot, tall alumroot
Distribution: West of the Cascade summit, Queen Charlotte Island, British Columbia south to Douglas County, Oregon, up the Columbia River Gorge to the east base of the Cascades, then south along the Oregon Cascades to Klamath County, OR.
Habitat: Gravelly prairies and wooded hillsides.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - August
Heuchera cylindricapoker alum-root, lava alumroot, roundleaf alumroot
Distribution: East of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California, east to Alberta and Wyoming
Habitat: Rocky soil, cliffs and talus slopes, foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - August
Heuchera glabraalpine alumroot, smooth alumroot
Distribution: In the Cascades, Olympics, and Selkirks and m ountains in Washington; Alaska south to Mt. Hood, Oregon.
Habitat: Streambanks and moist rocks, from the coast to above timberline
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Heuchera grossulariifoliagooseberry-leaved alumroot
Distribution: Southwest Montana and central Idaho to the Wallowa Mountains of northeast Oreagon, and the Columbia River Gorge of Washington and Oregon.
Habitat: Grassy canyons and rocky canyon walls to alpine scree and talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - Early August
var. grossulariifolia – gooseberry-leaved alumroot
Heuchera micranthasmallflower alumroot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Gravelly stream banks, rock crevices and talus slopes, sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. diversifolia – small-flowered alumroot
var. micrantha – small-flowered alumroot
Leptarrhena pyrolifoliapearleaf, leatherleaf saxifrage
Distribution: Alaska to Oregon, east to Alberta and Montana; in the Olympics and Cascades of Washington
Habitat: Streambanks, seeps and wet meadows, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Lithophragma glabrumbulbiferous prairie star, bulbous woodlandstar
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Dakotas and Colorado.
Habitat: Grasslands and sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine and Douglas fir forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Lithophragma parviflorumsmall-flowered prairie star
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Prairies, sagebrush desert and forest openings, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Lithophragma tenellumslender woodlandstar
Distribution: East side of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountain states.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and ponderosa pine forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Micranthes apetalaTiny swamp saxifrage, western swamp saxifrage
Distribution: East of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Vernally moist meadows at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Micranthes ferruginearusty saxifrage
Distribution: In the Olympics and Cascades mountains in Washington; Alaska to south California, east to Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open, moist, often rocky areas, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Micranthes fragosaClayton's saxifrage
Distribution: East of Cascades in Washington, south to Oregon and east to Idaho.
Habitat: Wet slopes and cliffs, often near watercourses.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Micranthes gormaniiGorman's saxifrage
Origin: Native
Micranthes idahoensisIdaho saxifrage
Distribution: Washington and Oregon, east to Montana and Idaho.
Habitat: Exposed areas, ledges, and open slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Micranthes integrifoliaColumbian saxifrage, swamp saxifrage, Whole-leaf saxifrage
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Prairies, grassy slopes and vernally moist areas, sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
Micranthes lyalliiLyall's saxifrage, red-stemmed saxifrage
Distribution: On both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to the north Cascades of Washington, east to western Alberta, and south in the Rocky Mountains to Montana and Idaho.
Habitat: Wet, gravelly meadows and along streams and ponds at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Micranthes nelsonianadotted saxifrage, Nelson's saxifrage
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon.
Habitat: Montane wet areas and streambanks from low to medium elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. cascadensis – dotted saxifrage, Nelson's saxifrage
Micranthes nidificaColumbia saxifrage, swamp saxifrage
Distribution: East of the crest of the Cascades, British Columbia south to northeast California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Prairies and wet banks to subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Micranthes occidentalismountain saxifrage, redwool saxifrage, western saxifrage
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon and Nevada, east to Saskatachewan and south to New Mexico.
Habitat: Dry to wet open areas, rock crevices, meadows, and streambanks from moderate to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Micranthes odontolomabrook saxifrage, streambank saxifrage
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Streambanks, lake shores and wet meadows from the lower mountains to the alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Micranthes oreganabog saxifrage, Oregon saxifrage
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Alberta, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, and Colorado.
Habitat: Bogs, streambanks and wet meadows at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Micranthes rufidularusty-hair saxifrage
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Wet open areas, ledges, rock outcroppings from moderate to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Micranthes tischiiOlympic saxifrage
Distribution: Olympic Peninsula endemic
Habitat: Forested ledges and rock crevices where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Micranthes tolmieialpine saxifrage, Tolmie's alpine saxifrage, Tolmie's saxifrage
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic and Cascade mountains in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Idaho, Montana, Nevada and Utah.
Habitat: Mountain meadows, scree, and rock crevices at moderate to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Mitella nudabare-stemmed mitrewort
Distribution: Alaska south to the Cascades of northwest Washington, east to Labrador and south to north-central Montana.
Habitat: Damp woods, along streams and in bogs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Mitellastra caulescensleafy mitrewort, star-shaped mitrewort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to northwest California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Shady woods, wet meadows and swamps, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Ozomelis diversifoliaangle-leaf bishop's-cap
Distribution: Occurring from in southern Cascade Mountains from Mt. Adams south in Washington; Washington south to the Trinity Mountains of northwest California.
Habitat: Moist woods and stream banks at moderate to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Ozomelis stauropetalacross-shaped mitrewort, side-flowered mitrewort
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon, east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and Utah.
Habitat: Open to dense moist woods at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Ozomelis trifidathree-toothed mitrewort
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic Mountains and on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Alberta, Montana, and Idaho.
Habitat: Moist forests, moderate to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Pectiantia brewerifeathery bishop's-cap, Brewer's mitrewort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades Crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Alberta, Montana, Idaho, and Nevada.
Habitat: Moist mountain valleys and open to wooded slopes, from mid-elevations to timberline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Pectiantia ovaliscoastal bishop's cap, coastal mitrewort
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Deep, moist woods, creek bottoms and wet banks.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Pectiantia pentandrafive-stamen bishop's-cap, alpine mitrewort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains of Canada and the U.S.
Habitat: Wet meadows and moist woods, especially along streams, lowlands to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Saxifraga adscendenswedge-leaf saxifrage, wedge-leaved saxifrage
Origin: Native
Saxifraga austromontanamatted saxifrage, spotted saxifrage
Distribution: Alaska to Greenland, south in the Cascades to Oregon, and in the Rockies to New Mexico
Habitat: Cliff crevices, talus and scree slopes, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Saxifraga cernuanodding saxifrage
Distribution: Known only east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and across northern Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Among rocks in alpine areas, often where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Saxifraga cespitosatufted alpine saxifrage, tufted saxifrage
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to south California, east to the Rocky Mountains; east across Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Ledges, gravelly ridges and scree, near sea level to alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-September
Saxifraga hyperboreapygmy saxifrage
Distribution: In the Olympic and Cascade mountains of Washington; Alaska south to California, throughout the Rocky Mountains, across northern Canada to the Maritime Provinces.
Habitat: Alpine tundra, often where moist with rocky outcroppings, crevices, and snowmelt.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Saxifraga mertensianaMerten's saxifrage, woodland saxifrage
Distribution: Distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Wet ledges and gravelly streambanks, sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Saxifraga oppositifoliapurple saxifrage, twinflowered saxifrage
Distribution: In the Olympic and Cascade mountains of Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains; across northern Canada and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Alpine slopes and rocky outcroppings
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
ssp. oppositifolia – purple mountain saxifrage, purple saxifrage, twinflowered saxifrage
Saxifraga tridactylitesrue-leaved saxifrage
Origin: Introduced
Saxifraga vespertinamatted saxifrage, spotted saxifrage
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to Oregon.
Habitat: Rocky outcroppings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Saxifragopsis fragarioidesstrawberry saxifrage
Distribution: Western United States.
Origin: Native
Suksdorfia violaceaviolet mock brookfoam
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Alberta, Montana and Idaho.
Habitat: Vernally moist mossy banks and rock crevices.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Sullivantia oreganaOregon coolwort
Distribution: Columbia River Gorge and lower Willamatte Valley, Oregon.
Habitat: On moist cliffs, especially near waterfalls.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - August
Tellima grandiflorafragrant fringecup
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington, occasionally east to northeast Washington and in the Columbia River Gorge; Alaska south to California.
Habitat: Common in damp woods and along streams, sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Tiarella trifoliata
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout the forested areas of Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Alberta, Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Moist woods and stream banks, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. laciniata – cut-leaved foamflower
var. trifoliata – three-leaf foamflower
var. unifoliata – simple-leaved foamflower
Tolmiea menziesiipiggyback-plant
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods and stream banks, low lands and low elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August