Valerianaceae
Valerian Family
4 genera
15 species
3 subspecies and varieties
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Centranthus ruberJupiter's-beard
Distribution: Introduced in Oregon, California, Utah and Arizona
Habitat: Garden ornamental, occasionally escapes
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Plectritis brachystemonshortspur white plectritis
Distribution: In Washington occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge; southern British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs, lowland prairies, balds at low elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Plectritis ciliosalong-spurred plectritis
Distribution: Klickitat County, Washington, south through western Oregon to California.
Habitat: Vernally moist, open slopes and meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - May
Plectritis congestasea blush, rosy plectritis
Distribution: In Washington occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge; Vancouver Island south to California.
Habitat: Open, vernally moist meadows and slopes, sea level to moderate elevations in the moutains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Plectritis macroceralong-horn plectritis, white plectritis
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Vernally moist, open areas; common in shrub-steppe
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Valeriana acutilobadowny-fruit valerian
Origin: Native
var. pubicarpa – downy fruit valerian, downy-fruited valeriana
Valeriana columbianaWenatchee valerian
Distribution: Wenatchee Mountains and Cle Elum Ridge, east slope of the Cascades, in Washington
Habitat: Rocky, open slopes, often on basalt, at mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Valeriana dioicawoodland valerian
Distribution: British Columbia to Nova Scotia in Canada, south to northwest Washington, central Idaho and northwest Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist places in the mountains, often in wet meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
var. sylvatica – northern valerian
Valeriana edulistobacco-root, edible valerian
Distribution: Occurring in the eastern region of Washington; Southern British Columbia south into Washington, Idaho, and Montana, east to Ontario and Ohio.
Habitat: A wide variety of open, somewhat moist habitats, from the foothills to rather high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. edulis – tobacco root
Valeriana occidentalissmall-flower valerian, western valerian
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Valeriana officinalisallheal, garden heliotrope
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Valeriana scouleriScouler's valerian
Distribution: Mostly west of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California
Habitat: Wet meadows and moist woods, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Valeriana sitchensisSitka valerian
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Common in moist areas at mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Valerianella carinatakeel-fruit cornsalad
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April - May
Valerianella locustalamb's-lettuce
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; eastern half of North America east of the Great Plains.
Habitat: Moist, open places, often in disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-May