Atriplex
greasewood, orache, saltbush, shadscale, silverscale
15 species
4 subspecies and varieties
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Atriplex argenteasilver orache, silverscale orache
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - September
var. argentea – silver saltbush, silverscale
Atriplex canescensfourwing saltbush, hoary saltbush, shadscale, wingscale
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Saline areas in the prairies.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. canescens – hoary saltbush
Atriplex dioicathickleaf orach, saline saltbush
Origin: Native
Atriplex gardneriGardner's saltbush
Distribution: Occurring at low elevations in central Washington; Alberta south to California, east to the Great Plains.
Habitat: Sagebrush-steppe desert.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
var. falcata – moundscale, gardner's saltbush, sickle saltbush, saltsage
Atriplex gmeliniiGmelin's orache
Distribution: Occurring along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to California.
Habitat: On coastal beaches, strands, and rocky outcroppings near the high tide in saline soil.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
var. gmelinii – Gmelin's saltbush orach
Atriplex heterospermaorach, Russian atriplex orach
Distribution: Primarily east of the Cascades crest in Washington; occurring in scattered locations throughout North America.
Habitat: Riparian zones and adjacent fields; tolerant of alkaline.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-August
Atriplex hortensisgarden orache, French spinach
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Great Plains and in scattered locations in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, often where seasonally moist.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: July-August
Atriplex littoralisgrassleaf orache, narrow-leaved orache
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June - September
Atriplex longipeslong-stalked orache, Baltic saltbush
Origin: Introduced
Atriplex oblongifoliaoblongleaf orache
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Atriplex patulahalberdleaf orache, spear oracle
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; occurring in scattered locations throughout North America.
Habitat: Coastal and inland, saline or alkaline soil.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Atriplex prostratafat hen, hastate orache, thin-leaf orache
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, in scattered location across Canada and the U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Along the coast in saline soils, beaches, and strands; inland in alkaline soils.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Atriplex roseared orach, tumbling orach
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; scattered locations in central and eastern U.S.
Habitat: Weedy species of irrigated land and roadsides.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Atriplex semibaccataAustralian saltbush, berry saltbush, creeping saltbush
Distribution: Occasionally introduced in eastern and central WA; scattered localities primarily in southwestern US.
Habitat: Disturbed areas from dry to moist, tolerant of alkaline soils.
Origin: Introduced from Australia
Flowers: April-September
Atriplex truncatawedge orache, wedgeleaf orache, wedgescale orache
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August