Castilleja
Indian-paintbrush, owl-clover
20 species
10 subspecies and varieties
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Castilleja ambiguapaint-brush owl-clover
Distribution: Coastal areas, Washington to California
Habitat: Salt marshes and borders of brackish ponds
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
var. ambigua – salt-marsh paintbrush
Castilleja attenuataattenuate paintbrush, valley-tassels
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California and Arizona.
Habitat: Drier areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Castilleja cervinadeer paintbrush
Distribution: Northeast Washington; British Columbia east to northern Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Grasslands and woodlands at moderate to mid-elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Castilleja chambersiiChambers's Indian paintbrush
Distribution: Known only from Pacific County in Washington; Pacific County, WA south to Clatsop County, OR.
Habitat: Forest openings, embankments, and rock outcroppings typically where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Castilleja cryptanthaobscure paintbrush
Distribution: Endemic to Mt. Rainier National Park and immediate vicinity, Washington.
Habitat: Moist subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Castilleja cusickiiCusick's paintbrush
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; Alberta south to Montana and Wyoming, west through Idaho to northeast Oregon.
Habitat: Open areas, lower valleys to subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Castilleja elmeriElmer's paintbrush
Distribution: Wenatchee Mountains and the east slope of the Cascades, Kittitas County, Washington; north into British Columbia.
Habitat: Moist, open slopes at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Castilleja exserta
Origin: Introduced
var. exserta – purple owl-clover
Castilleja hispidaharsh paintbrush
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades, British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana
Habitat: Grassy slopes and forest openings, from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late April - August
var. acuta – harsh paintbrush
var. hispida – harsh paintbrush
Castilleja levisectagolden paintbrush
Distribution: Puget Sound of Washington; Vancouver Island south to the Willamette Valley of Oregon.
Habitat: Meadows and prairies at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-September
Castilleja litoraliscoast paintbrush, Pacific paintbrush
Origin: Native
Castilleja lutescensyellow paintbrush
Distribution: Eastern Washington; east to northwestern Montana and south through Idaho to northeastern Oregon.
Habitat: Low, dry grasslands and woodlands, occasionally to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Castilleja miniatacommon paintbrush, scarlet paintbrush
Distribution: Occurring throughout much of Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains in the U.S., east to Ontario in Canada.
Habitat: Mountain meadows and slopes; also on coastal bluffs; widespread and common.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
var. dixonii – Dixon's paintbrush
var. miniata – scarlet paintbrush
Castilleja minorannual paintbrush
Distribution: Central Washington and eastern Oregon to southern Montana, south to Arizona.
Habitat: Alkaline marshes and meadows, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late June - September
var. exilis – seep paintbrush
Castilleja parviflorasmall-flowered paintbrush
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Alberta.
Habitat: Subalpine meadows and forest openings at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
var. albida – mountain Indian paintbrush
var. olympica – Olympic paintbrush
var. oreopola – magenta paintbrush
Castilleja rupicolacliff paintbrush
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; from southern British Columbia to central Oregon.
Habitat: Rock crevices and rocky slopes, usually above timberline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Castilleja suksdorfiiSuksdorf's paintbrush
Distribution: In Washington chiefly in the Cascades from Mt. Adams south, occasionally north to Whatcom County; south to Crater Lake, Oregon.
Habitat: Subalpine meadows and forests along streams and wet areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Castilleja tenuisthin paintbrush
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington but more common eastward; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Vernally moist meadows and other moist sites, from the lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Castilleja thompsoniiThompson's paintbrush
Distribution: East of the Cascade summits in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon.
Habitat: Dry sagebrush deserts to high mountain ridges.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Castilleja victoriaeVictoria's paintbrush
Distribution: San Juan Islands in WA; Victoria, B.C.
Habitat: Seasonally moist balds.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June