Dryopteris
wood-fern
5 species
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Dryopteris argutacoastal fern, marginal wood fern
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Baja California, also in north-central Idaho and Arizona.
Habitat: Mostly in the woods, but occasionally in more open areas.
Origin: Native
Dryopteris carthusianaspinulose fern, toothed wood fern
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east across the northern U.S. and Canada to eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist woods and streambanks.
Origin: Native
Dryopteris cristatacrested wood fern fern, shield fern
Distribution: Occurring chiefly in the northeastern region of Washington; Alaska to Idaho, east across northern U.S. and Canada to eastern North America; also in Europe.
Habitat: Moist woods and thickets.
Origin: Native
Dryopteris expansanorthern fern, spreading wood fern
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Moist to wet woods and streambanks.
Origin: Native
Dryopteris filix-masmale fern
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America; circumboreal.
Habitat: Moist shaded talus and rocky stream banks, lowland to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Spores: April-August