15 species
11 subspecies and varieties
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Common name
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Festuca brachyphyllaalpine fescue
Origin: Native
ssp. brachyphylla – alpine fescue
Festuca campestrisprairie fescue
Origin: Native
Festuca filiformisfine-leaf sheep fescue
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May - August
Festuca idahoensisbluebunch fescue
Distribution: British Columbia south to Sierran California, east to Alberta and Colorado.
Habitat: Grasslands and sagebrush desert to dry and rock mountain slopes, occasionally to 12,000 feet in elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - July
Festuca occidentaliswestern fescue
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - July
Festuca ovinasheep fescue
Origin: Introduced
Festuca roemeriRoemer's fescue
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Meadows, grasslands, balds and forest openings mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Festuca rubrared fescue
Origin: Both native and introduced
Flowers: June - August
ssp. juncea – rock fescue
ssp. mediana – dune red fescue
ssp. rubra – red fescue
ssp. secunda – red fescue
Festuca saximontanaRocky Mountain fescue
Origin: Native
var. purpusiana – sheep fescue
var. saximontana – sheep fescue
Festuca subulatabearded fescue
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - Early June
Festuca subulifloracrinkle-awn fescue
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Festuca trachyphyllahard fescue
Origin: Introduced
Festuca valesiacaValais fescue
Origin: Introduced
Festuca viridulagreen-leaf fescue
Distribution: British Colubia south to California, east to Alberta and Montana.
Habitat: Subalpine slopes, rock slides, and meadows to well above timberline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Festuca washingtonicaWashington fescue
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Southern British Columbia Washington.
Origin: Native