Platanthera
bog-orchid, piperia, rein-orchid
Synonyms:
Piperia [FNA26]
13 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Platanthera aquiloniseagle rein orchid, Sheviak's bog orchid
Distribution: Known only from Steven County in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast;
Habitat: Wet meadows from montane to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Platanthera chorisianachoriso bog orchid
Distribution: Known only from Snohomish County in Washington; Aleutian Islands south the Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and in Snohomish County, Washington.
Habitat: Moist areas, especially at the edges of streams and bogs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Platanthera dilatatascent bottle, bog candle, boreal bog orchid, white orchid, white rein orchid
Distribution: Widely distributed through the mountainous and forested areas of Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also in northeastern in North America.
Habitat: Wet meadows, forest openings, and streambanks from low elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
var. albiflora – white bog orchid
var. dilatata – white bog orchid
var. leucostachys – white bog orchid
Platanthera eleganshillside rein orchid, elegant rein-orchid
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Mostly in dry, open woods and hills where moist in spring.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
ssp. elegans – elegant rein orchid, hillside rein orchid
Platanthera elongatadense orchid, dense-flower rein orchid
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Dry, open forest from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Platanthera ephemeranthawhite-lip rein orchid
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington and Columbia River Gorge; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Moist coniferous forest at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Platanthera huronensisnorthern green bog orchid
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains; also from north-central to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Moist to boggy areas, often on limestone, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Platanthera obtusatasmall northern bog-orchid, blunt-leaf rein-orchid, one-leaf rein-orchid
Distribution: Scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Montana and Colorado, across Canada to Newfoundland.
Habitat: Damp to wet forests at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
ssp. obtusata – blunt-leaf rein orchid, one-leaf rein orchid, small northern bog orchid
Platanthera orbiculatalarge round-leaf orchid
Distribution: Alaska to Newfoundland, south on both sides of the Cascades to Oregon, Idaho and northwest Montana; east to Minnisota, Indiana and Georgia.
Habitat: Moist, mossy forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Platanthera sparsifloracanyon bog orchid
Origin: Native
Platanthera strictacanyon bog orchid, needle-spur green orchid, slender bog orchid
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Wet meadows, swamps and coniferous forests, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Platanthera transversaroyal rein orchid
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Forest understory from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Platanthera unalascensisAlaska rein orchid
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Quebec and Colorado.
Habitat: Dry, open woods and gravelly streambanks, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August