Potentilla
cinquefoil, five-finger
20 species
11 subspecies and varieties
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Potentilla anglicaEnglish cinquefoil, wood cinquefoil
Origin: Introduced
Potentilla anserina
Distribution: Widely distributed across Washington; distributed across much of North America except south-central and southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Wet, alkaline areas from coast to arid inlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
ssp. anserina – silvery cinquefoil, common silverweed
ssp. pacifica – Pacific silverweed
Potentilla argenteahoary cinquefoil, silver cinquefoil
Distribution: Introduced and established in eastern United states and southern Canada; northeast Washington and a few places in Idaho.
Habitat: Sandy or gravely soil.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June - July
Potentilla biennisbiennial cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territories south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also in South Dakota.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, typically where moist to wet.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Potentilla breweriBrewer's cinquefoil
Distribution: Mountains of central and southeast Oregon and northern California; occasional in the Wenatchee Mountains of Washington.
Habitat: Moist meadows and stream banks to open slopes, mid- to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Potentilla drummondiiDrummond's cinquefoil
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Alberta, Montana and Utah; in the Olympic and Cascade Mountains of Washington
Habitat: Forest openings, meadows and high ridges, mid- to high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Potentilla flabellifoliafan-leaf cinquefoil, fringe-leaf cinquefoil, fan-foil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California and Nevada, east to Alberta, Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Common in moist meadows, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Potentilla glaucophyllablueleaf cinquefoil, different-leaved cinquefoil, diverse-leaved cinquefoil, vari-leaved cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist alpine and subalpine meadows, and along stream banks in high mountain forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Potentilla gracilis
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Saskatchewan and the Dakotas.
Habitat: Varied habitats; moderately saline soil, grasslands, moist areas in shrub-steppe, forested mountains and subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
var. brunnescens – glandular cinquefoil
var. flabelliformis – comb-leaf cinquefoil, Elmer's cinquefoil, Idaho cinquefoil
var. gracilis – Hall's cinquefoil, slender cinquefoil, wooly cinquefoil
var. pulcherrima – beautiful cinquefoil
Potentilla hyparcticasubarctic cinquefoil
Origin: Native
Potentilla inclinatagrey cinquefoil
Origin: Introduced from central and southern Europe
– Jepson's cinquefoil
var. kluanensis – Kluane cinquefoil
Potentilla newberryiNewberry's cinquefoil
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Potentilla niveasnow cinquefoil
Distribution: Alaska to British Columbia, east to Quebec, south in the Rocky Mountains to Colorado.
Habitat: Arctic tundra and gravel bars to alpine slopes and meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Potentilla norvegicaNorwegian cinquefoil, rough cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Usually in moist soil, often along irrigation ditches or in waste places.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Potentilla ovinasheep cinquefoil
Origin: Native
var. ovina – sheep cinquefoil
Potentilla pensylvanica
Origin: Native
Potentilla rectasulphur cinquefoil
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, trails, disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-July
Potentilla rivalisbrook cinquefoil
Distribution: British Columbia south, east of the Cascades in Washington, down the Columbia River Gorge and the Willamette Valley to southwest Oregon and coastal California, east to Minnesota and New Mexico.
Habitat: Damp soil, especially along rivers and around lakes, ponds, and swamps.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - September
Potentilla supinabushy cinquefoil
Distribution: In scattered locations in Washington, mostly east of the Cascades; British Columbia south to Texas, east to northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Sandy stream banks, lake shores, and moist flats.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
ssp. paradoxa – bushy cinquefoil
Potentilla villosanorthern cinquefoil, villous cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring in the North Cascades, Olympic Mountains, and at Mt. Rainier in Washington; Alaska to Oregon.
Habitat: Arctic tundra to alpine ridges, talus slopes and rock crevices.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September