Sanicula
sanicle
5 species
2 subspecies and varieties
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Sanicula arctopoidesfootsteps-of-spring, bear's-foot sanicle
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the coast in Washington; Vancouver Island, B.C. south along the coast to California.
Habitat: Maritime species of coastal bluffs, meadows, and balds.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Sanicula bipinnatifidapurple black-snakeroot, purple sanicle
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Balds, forest edge, and other open to partially shaded areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Sanicula crassicaulisPacific sanicle
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Meadows, balds, prairies, and open woods from the coast to low elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
var. crassicaulis – Pacific sanicle
var. tripartita – Pacific sanicle
Sanicula graveolensSierran black-snakeroot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Common in open woods, balds, and thickets at low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Sanicula marilandicaMaryland black-snakeroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the northeastern counties in Washington; Eastern British Columbia to northeast Washington, east to the Atlantic coast.
Habitat: Moist, low ground, less often on moist, wooded slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June