Valeriana
valerian
8 species
3 subspecies and varieties
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Valeriana acutilobadowny-fruit valerian
Origin: Native
var. pubicarpa – downy fruit valerian, downy-fruited valeriana
Valeriana columbianaWenatchee valerian
Distribution: Wenatchee Mountains and Cle Elum Ridge, east slope of the Cascades, in Washington
Habitat: Rocky, open slopes, often on basalt, at mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Valeriana dioicawoodland valerian
Distribution: British Columbia to Nova Scotia in Canada, south to northwest Washington, central Idaho and northwest Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist places in the mountains, often in wet meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
var. sylvatica – northern valerian
Valeriana edulistobacco-root, edible valerian
Distribution: Occurring in the eastern region of Washington; Southern British Columbia south into Washington, Idaho, and Montana, east to Ontario and Ohio.
Habitat: A wide variety of open, somewhat moist habitats, from the foothills to rather high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. edulis – tobacco root
Valeriana occidentalissmall-flower valerian, western valerian
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Valeriana officinalisallheal, garden heliotrope
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Valeriana scouleriScouler's valerian
Distribution: Mostly west of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California
Habitat: Wet meadows and moist woods, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Valeriana sitchensisSitka valerian
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Common in moist areas at mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August