Veronica
kittentails, synthyris
Synonyms:
Synthyris [HC, HC2]
25 species
8 subspecies and varieties
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Veronica americanaAmerican brooklime, American speedwell
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Ditches, slow moving streams, oxbows, and other water bodies, from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Veronica anagallis-aquaticablue water speedwell
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: In or along slow-moving streams and ditches at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Veronica argute-serratabilobed speedwell
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains, also in scattered areas of eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed, open areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-June
Veronica arvensiscorn speedwell, wall speedwell
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, gardens and roadsides
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-September
Veronica catenatachain speedwell
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Slow-moving streams and ditches.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Veronica chamaedrysGermander speedwell
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Montana, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, lawns, gardens, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-June
Veronica cusickiiCusick's speedwell
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Open, moist, rocky slopes from subalpine to alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Veronica dissectafeather-leaf kittentails
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic Mountains in Washington; Idaho and Montana to Utah, disjunct in Washington.
Habitat: Stony, subalpine to alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
ssp. lanuginosa – cut-leaf kittentails
Veronica filiformisthread-stalk speedwell
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Weed of lawns and gardens
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-June
Veronica hederifoliaivy-leaf speedwell
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Idaho and Utah; other scattered locations in central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Waste places, disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Veronica ×lackschewitziiLackschewitz's speedwell
Distribution: Known only from Yakima County in Washington; distribution in North America not currently known.
Habitat: Slow-moving streams and ditches.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Veronica longifolialong-leaf speedwell
Distribution: Known from only a few localities west of the Cascades crest in Washington; also known from British Columbia and Montana.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-July
Veronica missuricatailed kittentails
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Moist forest slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
ssp. major – tailed kittentails
ssp. missurica – mountain kittentail
ssp. stellata – starry tailed kittentails
Veronica officinalisPaul's betony, common speedwell
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of the northern half of North America and the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Weed of wastelots, and other disturbed open and forested areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-July
Veronica peregrinapurslane speedwell
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout most of Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Swales, wet meadows, stream banks, and other moist places, from the lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Both native (var. xalapensis) and introduced (var. peregrina) varieties
Flowers: April-September
var. peregrina – purslane speedwell
var. xalapensis – purslane speedwell
Veronica persicabird-eye speedwell, Persian speedwell
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely introduced in much of North America.
Habitat: Lawns and waste ground.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: March-May
Veronica politagray speedwell
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in the southeastern counties of Washington; southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, also in central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, lawns, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: March-May
Veronica regina-nivalisround-leaved kittentails, snow queen
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Forest understory at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Veronica rubrared coraldrops, red kittentails
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to Oregon, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Open slopes and dry meadows in the foothills and lowlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Veronica schizanthafringe-petal kittentails, fringed kittentails
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympics and Cascades mountains foothills of western Washington; Washington to Oregon.
Habitat: Moist ground at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Veronica scutellatagrass-leaf speedwell, marsh speedwell, skullcap speedwell
Distribution: The northern two-thirds of the temperate zone in North America; also in Eurasia.
Habitat: Wet places, from the lowlands to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - September
Veronica serpyllifoliathyme-leaved speedwell
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist meadows and shores, from the lowlands to the subalpine.
Origin: Both native and introduced
Flowers: May-August
var. humifusa – thyme-leaved speedwell
var. serpyllifolia – thyme-leaved speedwell
Veronica triphyllosfinger speedwell
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Veronica vernaspring speedwell
Origin: Introduced
Veronica wormskjoldiiAmerican alpine speedwell
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Montana, Colorado and New Mexico.
Habitat: Moist ground and seeps, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September