Vicia
vetch
10 species
6 subspecies and varieties
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Common name
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Vicia americanaAmerican vetch
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest throughout much of Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America, except in the southeastern U.S., to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist forest openings, forest edge, thickets, meadows, prairies, and disturbed areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. americana – American vetch
Vicia craccatufted vetch, bird vetch
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, in scattered locations elsewhere in North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Vicia hirsutahairy vetch, tiny vetch
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Alaska to California, also in Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Roadsides, forest edge, meadows, thickets, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-July
Vicia lathyroidesspring vetch
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the Puget Sound lowlands in Washington; British Columbia to California; also in southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Vicia luteayellow vetch
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the Puget Trough in Washington; Washington to California, also in the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, lawns, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-June
Vicia nigricansgiant vetch
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the coastal counties and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; along the coast from Alaska to California, inland to the Willamette Valley in Oregon.
Habitat: Beach margins and headlands, forest openings, and along streams near the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. gigantea – giant vetch
Vicia pannonicaHungarian vetch
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the Puget Trough in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-June
Vicia sativatare, common vetch
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, forest edges, thickets, lawns, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-July
var. angustifolia – tare, common vetch
var. sativa – common vetch
Vicia tetraspermasmooth tare, lentil vetch, slender vetch
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, also in northern Idaho and western Montana.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, forest edge, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Vicia villosahairy vetch, winter vetch, woolly vetch
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, meadows, grasslands, prairies, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia and North Africa
Flowers: May-September
var. glabrescens – hairy vetch, winter vetch, woolly vetch
var. villosa – hairy vetch, winter vetch, woolly vetch