Vicia
vetch
10 species
6 subspecies and varieties
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Common name
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Vicia americanaAmerican vetch
Distribution: Widely distributed througout much of Washington; widely distributed throughout most of North America except the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Forest openings from low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. americana – American vetch
Vicia craccacat peas, tinegrass, bird vetch, tufted vetch
Distribution: Introduced and widely naturalized in eastern United States; occasional in the Rocky Mountains and westward.
Habitat: Waste land, roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Vicia hirsutahairy vetch, tiny vetch
Distribution: Introduced and fairly common in western Washington and Oregon
Habitat: Disturbed ground, gardens, low elevations
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Vicia lathyroidesspring vetch
Distribution: Occurring in the Puget Sound lowlands in Washington; British Columbia south to California; also in southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including wastelots, roadsides, and fields.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-June
Vicia luteayellow vetch
Origin: Introduced
Vicia nigricansgiant vetch
Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; coastal from Alaska to California, inland to the Willamette Valley in Oregon.
Habitat: Near streams or forest clearings at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. gigantea – giant vetch
Vicia pannonicaHungarian vetch
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - June
Vicia sativatare, common vetch
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, but more common on the west side; widely distributed throughout most of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, yards and roadsides at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-July
var. angustifolia – tare, common vetch
var. sativa – common vetch
Vicia tetraspermaslender vetch
Distribution: Introduced and occasionally escaping west of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon, south to California.
Habitat: Waste ground and disgturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - August
Vicia villosahairy vetch, winter vetch, woolly vetch
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; distributed widely throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed meadows, grasslands, prairies, roadsides and other open areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-September
var. glabrescens – hairy vetch, winter vetch, woolly vetch
var. villosa – smoooth tare, lentil vetch, slender vetch