Vascular Plants - Adoxaceae - Viburnum:
Viburnum edule
Page Author: David Giblin
squashberry, high-bush cranberry 
Blooms: May-July
Habit: shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Conservation Status: Abundant; of no concern.

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to Newfoundland, south to northern Oregon, Colorado and Pennsylvania.
Habitat: Moist woods and swamps.
Species Description:

General: Deciduous, sub-erect shrubs 0.5-2.5 m. tall, the petioles, peduncles and leaf blades with small, scattered glands.
Leaves: Leaves opposite, petiolate, palmately veined and shallowly 3-lobed, or occasionally pinnately veined and without lobes, sharply toothed, usually 3-10 cm. long and wide, with a pair of glandular projections near the junction with the petiole.
Flowers: Inflorescence a compound umbel, borne on a short, axillary shoot which has a single pair of leaves, 1-2.5 cm. wide with less than 50 flowers; corolla widely bell-shaped, whitish, 4-7 mm. across, the 5 lobes about equal to the tube, the flowers all alike; stamens and style inconspicuous; ovary inferior, 3-celled, but only 1 cell fertile.
Fruits: Fruit a 1-seeded drupe, 1-1.5 cm. long, red or orange.
Accepted Name:
Viburnum edule (Michx.) Raf.
Synonyms:
Viburnum opulus L. var. edule Michx.
Viburnum pauciflorum La Pylaie ex Torr. & Gray

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Viburnum edule
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Viburnum edule specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Viburnum edule specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Viburnum edule treatment.

E-Flora BC: Viburnum edule atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viburnum edule images.

USDA Plants Database: Viburnum edule.
Additional photographs of Viburnum edule:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Peg Pearson

H. Tim Gladwin, 1994

H. Tim Gladwin, 1994

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

H.W. Buckingham, 1995

Clayton J. Antieau, 2008

Clayton J. Antieau, 2008

Clayton J. Antieau, 2008

G. D. Carr, 2009

G. D. Carr, 2009

G. D. Carr, 2009

G. D. Carr, 2009

Craig Althen, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

G. D. Carr, 2012

Susan McDougall, 2014

G. D. Carr , 2014
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