Vascular Plants - Ericaceae - Arbutus:
Arbutus menziesii
Page Author: David Giblin
Pacific madrone, Pacific madrona 
Blooms: April-June
Habit: tree
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Conservation Status: Abundant; of no concern.

Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Chiefly in drier, often rocky, areas at low elevations
Species Description:

General: Trees to 30 m. tall, the bark smooth and chartreuse when young, aging to dark brownish-red.
Leaves: Leaves alternate, evergreen, smooth, shiny, ovate-oblong to elliptic, glabrous, serrate to entire, 7-15 cm. long.
Flowers: Flowers in large, terminal, compound racemes; flowers white, 6-7 mm. long, the corolla 5-lobed, urn-shaped; stamens 10, included in and borne on the corolla; anthers with two short, reflexed awns, opening by 2 slit-like pores; ovary superior,
Fruits: Fruit an orange to red berry, globose, 1 cm. in diameter, covered with small projections.
Accepted Name:
Arbutus menziesii Pursh
Synonyms:
Arbutus procera Douglas ex Lindley

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Arbutus menziesii
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Arbutus menziesii specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Arbutus menziesii specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Arbutus menziesii treatment.

E-Flora BC: Arbutus menziesii atlas page.

CalPhotos: Arbutus menziesii images.

USDA Plants Database: Arbutus menziesii.
Additional photographs of Arbutus menziesii:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Clayton J. Antieau, 1995

Clayton J. Antieau, 1997

Clayton J. Antieau, 1997

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Clayton J. Antieau, 1997

Clayton J. Antieau, 1995

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2005

Ben Legler, 2005

Ben Legler, 2005

Ben Legler, 2005

Ben Legler, 2005

Ben Legler, 2005

Shaun Hubbard, 2005

Shaun Hubbard, 2005

Shaun Hubbard, 2005

Shaun Hubbard, 2005

Shaun Hubbard, 2005

G. D. Carr, 1988

G. D. Carr, 2006

G. D. Carr, 2006

G. D. Carr, 2006

G. D. Carr, 1988

Rod Gilbert, 2005

Rod Gilbert, 2005

David Giblin, 2009

David Giblin, 2009

Al Dodson, 2006

Al Dodson, 2009

Paul Slichter, 2009

Paul Slichter, 2009

Tim Hagan, 2003

Peter Dunwiddie, 2009

Regina Johnson, 2012

Ben Legler, 2013

Daniel McNair , 2015

Brian Luther, 2016
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Washington Native Plant Society
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