Vascular Plants - Pinaceae - Abies:
Abies grandis
Page Authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
grand fir, lowland or lowland white fir, stinking fir 
Blooms: May-June
Habit: tree
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Conservation Status: Abundant; of no concern.

Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Vancouver Island, British Columbia south to California on both sides of the Cascades; scattered areas in the mountains east to Montana.
Habitat: Coniferous forests, from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Species Description:

General: A tall, straight tree up to 90 m. tall.
Bark: Bark grayish to light brown, smooth to shallowly ridged; young twigs pubescent.
Leaves: Needles nearly flat, 2-4 cm. long, blunt to notched, spreading horizontally, not concealing the branch, dark green with 2 whitish stripes beneath.
Cones: Staminate cones yellowish, pendant and catkin-like, 7-20 mm. long, on the lower side of branches near the middle of the tree or above; ovulate cones only near the top of the tree, single and erect, yellowish-green to green, 6-11 cm. long and 3.5-4 cm. thick, the subtending bracts concealed by the scales.
Accepted Name:
Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D. Don) Lindl.
Synonyms:
Pinus grandis Douglas ex D. Don

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Abies grandis
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Abies grandis specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Abies grandis specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Abies grandis treatment.

E-Flora BC: Abies grandis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Abies grandis images.

USDA Plants Database: Abies grandis.
Additional photographs of Abies grandis:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Clayton J. Antieau, 1997

H. Tim Gladwin, 1983

H. Tim Gladwin, 1983

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Clayton J. Antieau, 2007

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

Susan McDougall, 2005

Susan McDougall, 2011

Susan McDougall, 2014

Brian Luther, 2016

Brian Luther, 2016

Brian Luther, 2016

Brian Luther, 2016

Brian Luther, 2016

Brian Luther, 2016

Craig Althen, 2016

Craig Althen, 2016
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Washington Native Plant Society
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