Vascular Plants - Pinaceae - Picea:
Picea sitchensis
Page Author: Don Knoke
Sitka spruce 
Blooms: May
Habit: tree
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Distribution: West of the Cascades, Alaska to California
Habitat: Along the coast, from sea level up to about 2,000 feet in moist valleys
Species Description:

General: A large tree up to 70 m. tall, the bole up to 5 m. in diameter.
Bark: Bark very thin, gray-brown to grayish-purple, deciduous in small scales; twigs glabrous.
Leaves: Needles light green to bluish-green, stiff and sharp, spreading in all directions from the branch, 1.5-2.5 cm. long, flattened, with 2 broad white bands on the upper surface and 2 narrow bands on the lower surface, attached to a raised base.
Cones: Staminate cones pendant, red, 10-15 mm. long; ovulate cones 6-9 cm. long, reddish-brown to yellowish-brown, the scales rounded, finely denticulate, rather stiff, the bracts lanceolate, much shorter than the scales and concealed; ovulate cones deciduous as a whole after one season.
Accepted Name:
Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.
Synonyms:
Abies falcata Rafinesque
Picea falcata (Rafinesque) Suringar
Picea menziesii (Douglas ex D. Don) Carrière
Pinus menziesii Douglas ex D. Don

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Picea sitchensis
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Picea sitchensis specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Picea sitchensis specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Picea sitchensis treatment.

E-Flora BC: Picea sitchensis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Picea sitchensis images.

USDA Plants Database: Picea sitchensis.
Additional photographs of Picea sitchensis:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2005

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Al Dodson, 2007

Clayton J. Antieau, 2008

Clayton J. Antieau, 2001

G. D. Carr, 2007

G. D. Carr, 2004

G. D. Carr, 2004

G. D. Carr, 2004

Paul Slichter, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

Peter Dunwiddie, 2010

Susan McDougall, 2005

Susan McDougall, 2005

Susan McDougall, 2002

Susan McDougall, 1991

Susan McDougall, 2013

Susan McDougall, 2014

Susan McDougall, 2014

Brian Luther, 2016

Brian Luther, 2016

Brian Luther, 2016
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Washington Native Plant Society
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