Vascular Plants - Pinaceae - Pinus:
Pinus contorta
Page Author: Ben Legler
lodgepole pine, shore pine 
Female cone with spine-tipped scales. The cones remain on the tree for several years before falling.
Image © 2003, Ben Legler
Blooms: April - June
Habit: tree
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Distribution: Alaska south into Oregon, east to Alberta and South Dakota, and in the Rocky Mountain states
Habitat: Dry montane forests, rocky balds, coastal bluffs and sand dunes, and sphagnum bogs.
Species Description:

General: Small tree 10-30 meters tall; crown rounded and billowy to narrow and straight.
Bark: Thin, to 2-2.5 cm thick; reddish brown to gray or black, furrowed or scaly.
Leaves: Needle-like, 3-6 cm long, in fascicles (groups) of 2 born alternately along stem.
Cones: Female cones 3-6 cm long, scales with sharply pointed tip; male pollen cones to 1 cm long, reddish-green.

Distinguishing Characteristics: The only pine in our area with normally 2 needles per fascicle; cones are spine-tipped. Pinus albicaulis can look similar in appearance, but has 5 needles per fascicle, cone scales without spiny tips, and grows at high elevations.
Subspecies & Varieties:
Accepted Name:
Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud.
Synonyms:
(none)

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Pinus contorta
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Pinus contorta specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Pinus contorta specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Pinus contorta treatment.

E-Flora BC: Pinus contorta atlas page.

CalPhotos: Pinus contorta images.

USDA Plants Database: Pinus contorta.
Additional photographs of Pinus contorta:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Ben Legler, 2003

Ben Legler, 2003

Ben Legler, 2003

Ben Legler, 2003

Clayton J. Antieau, 1995

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Fayla Schwartz, 2005

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Paul Slichter, 2009

Paul Slichter, 2009

Paul Slichter, 2009

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

Robert L. Carr, 2006

Robert L. Carr, 2010

Robert L. Carr, 2010

Susan McDougall, 2005

Susan McDougall

Susan McDougall, 2013

Susan McDougall, 2013

G. D. Carr, 2013

G. D. Carr, 2013

G. D. Carr, 2013

G. D. Carr, 2013

G. D. Carr, 2013

G. D. Carr, 2013

Susan McDougall, 2014

Susan McDougall, 2014

Susan McDougall, 2014

Robert L. Carr, 2012
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