Vascular Plants - Scrophulariaceae - Scrophularia:
Scrophularia lanceolata
Page Author: David Giblin
lance-leaf figwort 
Blooms: June-August
Habit: herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Conservation Status: Abundant; of no concern.

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east across the northern two-thirds of the United States and most of Canada.
Habitat: Moist areas at low elevations, but not along the coast.
Species Description:

General: Herbaceous perennial from a thickened root, the square stems clustered, stout, 5-15 dm. tall; herbage usually covered with fine, spreading hairs, with stalked glands in the inflorescence.
Leaves: Leaves opposite, all cauline, with petioles 1-3 cm. long, gradually reduced upward, the blades triangular-ovate with pointed tips and truncate bases, 5-15 cm. long and 2-7 cm. wide, sharply toothed.
Flowers: Flowers numerous in a terminal, open, elongate, nearly naked inflorescence 1-5 dm. long and 3-10 cm. wide, its branches opposite; calyx 5-cleft nearly to the base, the lobes 2-3 mm. long, thin, broad and blunt; corolla 9-14 mm. long, yellowish-green, with light maroon overcast above, firm, bilabiate, the upper lip 2-lobed, flat, projecting forward, the lower lip shorter, 3-lobed, the central lobe deflexed; fertile stamens 4, the filaments expanded upward; a fifth, sterile stamen is represented by a short scale on the upper lip, yellow-green, 1-1.8 mm. wide and nearly as long
Fruits: Capsule ovoid, 6-8 mm. long.
Accepted Name:
Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh
Synonyms:
Scrophularia nodosa L. var. occidentalis Rydb.
Scrophularia pectinata Raf.

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Scrophularia lanceolata
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Scrophularia lanceolata specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Scrophularia lanceolata specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Scrophularia lanceolata treatment.

E-Flora BC: Scrophularia lanceolata atlas page.

CalPhotos: Scrophularia lanceolata images.

USDA Plants Database: Scrophularia lanceolata.
Additional photographs of Scrophularia lanceolata:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Richard Old

Richard Old

G. D. Carr, 2003

G. D. Carr, 2003

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

G. D. Carr, 2010

Susan McDougall, 2005

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2012

Rod Gilbert, 2011

Rod Gilbert, 2011

Rod Gilbert, 2011

Rod Gilbert, 2011

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016

Roger T. George, 2016
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Washington Native Plant Society
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