Vascular Plants - Myricaceae - Myrica:
Myrica gale
Page Authors: David Giblin, Don Knoke
sweetgale 
Blooms: April-June
Habit: shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Conservation Status: Abundant; of no concern.

Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east across northern Canada, upper Midwest, and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Coastal bogs, swamps, lakes and streams.
Species Description:

General: Deciduous, dioecious shrubs 0.5-1.5 m. tall, the new growth finely pubescent, becoming glabrous with age.
Leaves: Leaves alternate, oblanceolate, 3-6 cm. long and up to 2 cm. broad, rounded to obtuse, entire to coarsely few-toothed above the middle, usually pubescent on both surfaces, strongly dotted with bright yellow wax glands.
Flowers: Staminate flowers is bracteate catkins 1-2 cm. long, the main bract exceeding the stamens; stamens 3-5, the filaments free; pistillate flowers in dense spikes up to 1 cm. long, with flattened bractlets longer than the pistil fused to the base of the pistil, these much longer than the subtending bract, all parts strongly yellow-waxy.
Fruits: Drupe barely 3 mm. long, smooth except for the wax glands.
Accepted Name:
Myrica gale L.
Synonyms:
Gale palustris (Lamarck) A. Chevalier
Myrica gale L. var. subglabra (A. Chevalier) Fernald
Myrica gale L. var. tomentosa C. de Candolle
Myrica palustris Lamarck

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Myrica gale specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Myrica gale specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Myrica gale treatment.

E-Flora BC: Myrica gale atlas page.

CalPhotos: Myrica gale images.

USDA Plants Database: Myrica gale.
Additional photographs of Myrica gale:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Clayton J. Antieau, 1988

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Clayton J. Antieau, 2004

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

Clayton J. Antieau, 2008

Clayton J. Antieau, 2008

Clayton J. Antieau, 2008

Clayton J. Antieau, 2007

Clayton J. Antieau, 2007

Clayton J. Antieau, 1999

Clayton J. Antieau, 2001

Clayton J. Antieau, 1999

Clayton J. Antieau, 1992

Clayton J. Antieau, 1992

Clayton J. Antieau, 1992

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015

G. D. Carr, 2015
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