Vascular Plants - Adoxaceae - Sambucus:
Sambucus nigra
Page Author: David Giblin
blue elderberry, blue elde 
Blooms: May-July
Habit: shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: Native
Conservation Status: Abundant; of no concern.

Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; southern British Columbia south to California, east to western Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Valley bottoms and open slopes where not too dry, from near sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Species Description:

General: Coarse, deciduous shrub 2-4 m. tall, usually with several stems from the base, the twigs soft, glaucous and pithy.
Leaves: Leaves opposite, petiolate, pinnately compound, with 5-9 lanceolate to lance-ovate, acuminate, sharply serrate leaflets 5-15 cm long and 2-6 cm. wide, usually glabrous.
Flowers: Inflorescence a flat-topped, many-flowered umbel up to 20 cm. wide, with several rays from the base that are again branched; flowers creamy-white, 4-7 mm. across, the 5 corolla lobes longer than the flat tube; stamens 5; style very short, ovary inferior.
Fruits: Fruit a globose berry, 4-6 mm. thick, bluish-black, but with a dense, pale, powder-blue bloom.
Subspecies & Varieties:
Accepted Name:
Sambucus nigra L.
Synonyms:
(none)

Treated in Flora of the PNW as:
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria Specimens: View list of all Sambucus nigra specimens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WTU Herbarium Specimens: View list of Sambucus nigra specimens in the WTU Herbarium database.

Washington Flora Checklist: Sambucus nigra treatment.

E-Flora BC: Sambucus nigra atlas page.

CalPhotos: Sambucus nigra images.

USDA Plants Database: Sambucus nigra.
Additional photographs of Sambucus nigra:
(click on a thumbnail to view larger photo)

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Ben Legler, 2004

Jim Riley

Don Knoke, 2005

H. Tim Gladwin, 1994

H. Tim Gladwin, 1987

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Bud Kovalchik

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

Ben Legler, 2006

G. D. Carr, 2003

G. D. Carr, 2005

Harry Thomas, 2010

Ron Bockelman, 2010

Ron Bockelman, 2010

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Ron Bockelman, 2011

Brian Luther, 2014

Brian Luther, 2015

Brian Luther, 2015

Brian Luther, 2015

Brian Luther, 2015

Brian Luther, 2015

Susan McDougall, 2015

Brian Luther, 2015

Brian Luther, 2016
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Washington Native Plant Society
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