Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Vancouver Island, British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Coniferous forests, from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
A tall, straight tree up to 90 m. tall.
Bark grayish to light brown, smooth to shallowly ridged; young twigs pubescent.
Needles nearly flat, 2-4 cm. long, blunt to notched, spreading horizontally, not concealing the branch, dark green with 2 whitish stripes beneath.
Staminate cones yellowish, pendant and catkin-like, 7-20 mm. long, on the lower side of branches near the middle of the tree or above; ovulate cones only near the top of the tree, single and erect, yellowish-green to green, 6-11 cm. long and 3.5-4 cm. thick, the subtending bracts concealed by the scales.