Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; from northern Washington to the Siskiyou Mountains in California, and in the Coast Range in Oregon.
Habitat: Deep forests where there is sufficient moisture, moderate to fairly high elevations.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
A tall, symmetrical tree up to 70 m. tall, the branches short, stiff and spreading.
Bark readily flaking, grayish-brown, dark reddish-brown beneath.
Leaves bluish-green to silvery, 1.5-3 cm. long, thicker in the middle, crowded, stiff and upturned, with two white bands on the lower surface and a single broad band on the upper.
Staminate cones reddish, pendant and catkin-like, 7-20 mm. long, on the lower side of branches near the middle of the tree or above; ovulate cones only near the top of the tree, single and erect, 11-13 cm. long and up 6 cm. thick, the scales dark reddish-brown, nearly concealed by ruffle-edged, slender-pointed, straw-colored to olive bracts.