Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Betula pendula
European weeping birch
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Occurring in Washington on both sides of the Cascades; Introduced as an ornamental in Washington; occurring in isolated locations in south-central Canada and the eastern U.S.

Habitat: Disturbed areas associated with urban and suburban development where the trees escape from cultivation.

Flowers: April-May

Origin: Introduced

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Monoecious, deciduous trees to 25 m., trunks usually several, the crowns spreading; bark of mature trees creamy to silvery-white, smooth, peeling in long strips; lenticels dark; branches pendulous, twigs glabrous, dotted with small, resinous glands.

Leaves:

Leaf blades broadly ovate to rhombic, 3-7 cm. long and 2.5-5 cm. wide, the base wedge-shaped, the margins sharply double serrate, the tip acuminate, surfaces glabrous to sparsely pubescent.

Flowers:

Staminate catkins 3 per scale, pendulous; pistillate catkins 3 per scale, erect, cylindric, 2-3.5 cm. long, the scales 3-lobed, the lateral lobes broad and rounded, much longer that the central lobe.

Fruits:

Samaras with wings much broader than bodies, broadest in the center.

Accepted Name:
Betula pendula Roth
Publication: Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 405. 1788. 1788.

Synonyms:
Betula verrucosa Ehrh.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Betula pendula in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Betula pendula checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Betula pendula atlas page.

CalPhotos: Betula pendula photos.

USDA Plants: Betula pendula information.

21 photographs:
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