Distribution: Washington; Oregon, California, Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming extending into Colorado, disjunct in S. Dakota; southern tip of Yukon Territory, British Columbia, lower Alberta.
Habitat: Open, dry stands.
Substrate: On conifers.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Thallus dark reddish-brown to yellowish-brown, with thick, twisted main branches and side branches. Thallus commonly 10-30 cm long, main branches 0.4-1.5 mm thick. Apothecia yellow disks, occasionally present.