Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Convallaria majalis
European lily-of-the-valley

Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in Washington, chiefly in the Columbia River Gorge. Washington to Oregon, also in Idaho and Montana, widespread in eastern North America.

Habitat: Forest understory and edge, open slopes, often where disturbed.

Flowers: April-May

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial, scapose herbs from slender, branched rhizomes with upright buds, forming colonies, the scapes 1-3 dm. tall.


Leaves 2-3, basal, erect, oblong to widely elliptic, glabrous, 15-50 cm. long (including the petiole) and 2.5-13 cm. wide; petiole 4-30 cm.


Inflorescence a one-sided, 5- to 15-flowered, bracteate raceme 1-3 dm. tall; flowers nodding, fragrant; perianth globose-bell-shaped, white with prominent white mid-ribs, the 6 lobes short, recurved; pedicles 7-11 mm. long; stamens 6, included; ovary superior, 3-celled.


Berries orange-red, globose, pulpy, 1-5 seeded.

Accepted Name:
Convallaria majalis L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 314. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Convallaria majalis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Convallaria majalis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Convallaria majalis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Convallaria majalis photos.

USDA Plants: Convallaria majalis information.

9 photographs:
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