Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's-breeches
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Occurring in Washington along the Columbia and Snake Rivers; southern Washington south to north-central Oregon, east to western Idaho; central and southeastern U.S. to New England and Nova Scotia.

Habitat: Moist woods and gravelly banks at low elevations.

Flowers: March-May

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Scapose, glaucous perennial from a short, erect, fleshy rhizome covered with small, globose tubers, the scapes 2-3.5 dm. tall.

Leaves:

Leaves long-petiolate, nearly equaling the scapes, the blades ternately compounded 3-4 times into linear segments 1.5-3 mm. broad.

Flowers:

Inflorescence of terminal, 3- to 8-flowered racemes on the scapes; sepals 2, ovate, 3 mm. long; petals 4, white or pinkish, the inner 2 petals yellow-tipped, 10 mm. long, with a crest 0.5-1.5 mm. high; outer 2 petals with a curved, saccate spur 7-11 mm. long, the divergent tips 2.5-3.5 mm. long; stamens 6, in two groups of 3; style 1, slender; stigmas 2-lobed.

Fruits:

Capsule spindle-shaped, 12 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.
Publication: Linnaea. 8: 457, 468. 1833. 1833.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. var. occidentalis (Rydb.) M. Peck
Dicentra occidentalis (Rydb.) Fedde
Fumaria cucullaria L.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Dicentra cucullaria in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Dicentra cucullaria checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Dicentra cucullaria atlas page.

CalPhotos: Dicentra cucullaria photos.

USDA Plants: Dicentra cucullaria information.

23 photographs:
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