Distribution: Alaska south on the east side of the Cascades to California, east to Quebec, north Carolina and Texas
Habitat: Sandy, dry to moist meadows to mountain canyons.
Flowers: June - August
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Tufted perennials, forming small clumps, the hollow culms up to 1.5 m. tall.
Sheaths open, usually glabrous; auricles well-developed; ligules 0.5-1.5 mm. long, with fine marginal hairs; blades flat, coarse, usually scabrous, 7-15 mm. broad, often glaucous.
Inflorescence a single terminal spike 10-20 cm. long, often drooping, the upper spikelets crowded, the lower barely overlapping; spikelets articulate above the glumes, 2- to 6-flowered, borne flatwise on the rachis, 2 per node; glumes scabrous, hardened, the base spreading, the awn slender and divergent; lemmas scabrid-pubescent, the body 10-15 mm. long, tapered gradually into a divergent, scabrid awn up to 3.5 cm. long; paleas nearly as long as the body of the lemmas.