Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Fumaria officinalis
common fumitory

Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Disturbed soil and waste places.

Flowers: May-June

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Scrambling, glabrous, glaucous annual, the stems simple to freely-branched, 2-4 dm. long.


Leaves alternate, all cauline, 2 or 3 times pinnate, the ultimate segments oblong or lobed.


Inflorescence of axillary, bracteate, pedunculate racemes, the bracts shorter than the pedicles; sepals 2; petals 4, reddish-purple with darker tips, 7-12 mm. long, closely appressed, the tips not spreading, the outer 2 dissimilar, the upper one conspicuously spurred-saccate at the base, the spur up to 4 mm. long.


Capsule obovoid-globose, truncate at the tip, 2.5 mm. broad.

Accepted Name:
Fumaria officinalis L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 2: 700. 1753. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Fumaria officinalis L. ssp. officinalis
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Fumaria officinalis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Fumaria officinalis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Fumaria officinalis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Fumaria officinalis photos.

USDA Plants: Fumaria officinalis information.

11 photographs:
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