Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to Washington, east to eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist, cold coniferous woods.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Perennial herbs from slender, creeping rhizomes, the stems arising singly, erect, 1-2 dm. tall, glabrous.
Leaves in 2-4 whorls of 4, thin and veiny, broadly obovate to broadly obovate-elliptic, 1-3 cm. long and to 1/3 as broad, with a sharp point on the rounded tip, the base wedge-shaped.
Inflorescence open, with 1-3 elongate peduncles from the uppermost whorl of leaves, usually 2- to 3-flowered, occasionally more; calyx obsolete; corolla rotate, yellowish-white, 3 mm. wide, the 4 lobes much longer than the tube; ovary 2-celled, inferior.
Fruit dry, about 1.5 mm. high, with numerous, well-developed, hooked bristles.