Distribution: Widely distributed throughout the mountainous and forested areas of Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; Great Lakes Region and eastern Canada/New England.
Habitat: Dry to moist forests, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Scapose, perennial herbs from short rhizomes, the scapes 2.5-4 dm. tall, glandular-hairy, with 2-4 small, non-green, sheathing bracts.
Leaves all basal, rosette-forming, with broad, winged petioles 5-20 mm. long; blades ovate-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, 3-7 cm. long, dark green, mottled with white, especially along the mid-rib.
Inflorescence a closely-flowered, one-sided, bracteate raceme up to 12 cm. long; flowers pale greenish-white, pubescent, subtended by ovate-lanceolate bracts 4-10 mm. long; upper sepal fused with the 2 lateral petals, forming a forward-facing hood 6-10 mm. long; lower sepals free, ovate-lanceolate; third petal (lip) swollen and deeply concave, the tip recurved; stamens and style fused to form a column 3.5-5 mm. long, nearly concealed by the lip.
Capsule about 1 cm. long.