Distribution: British Columbia to Oregon, east to Nebraska
Habitat: Coastal islands to inland valleys and lower mountains
Cones: May - June
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Dioecious, usually a rounded to columnar tree up to 10 m. tall, but sometimes a sprawling shrub only 1 m. tall.
Bark reddish-brown, becoming scaly or fibrous and stringy.
Leaves opposite, scale-like, usually with an inconspicuous gland on the leaf surface; juvenile leaves needle-like, 5-7 mm. long, often persistent until tree is nearly mature.
Staminate cones ovoid, 3-5 mm. long, with 12-16 stamens; ovulate cones berry-like, bluish-purple and glaucous, 5-6 mm. long, 1- to 2-seeded.