Distribution: Introduced in western Washington and some mid-West and Eastern states
Habitat: Roadsides and moist woods at low elevations
Flowers: June - August
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Stiff-hairy perennial from a branched base and fibrous roots, the several stems 0.5-4 dm. tall.
Petiolate basal leaves oblanceolate to elliptic, up to 13 cm. long and 13 mm. wide; cauline leaves several, smaller, up to 6 cm. long, sessile, oblong to lance-elliptic.
Inflorescence compact, the racemes short, naked; pedicels 3-5 mm. long; calyx 3-5 mm. long, with stiff hairs, some of them hooked, the 5 lobes longer than the tube; corolla tube narrow, the 5 lobes abruptly spreading, the limb 4-8 mm. wide, blue, flat; hairy appendages opposite the corolla lobes at the top of the tube; style shorter than the nutlets.
Nutlets 4, attached near the base, black, smooth and shining.