Page authors: David Giblin, Don Knoke
Phleum pratense

Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; throughout North America.

Habitat: Disturbed areas, especially moist, open meadows, from coast to midmontane.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Introduced

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Tufted perennial, the culms up to 1 m. tall, bulbous at the base.


Sheaths open, glabrous; ligules 2-3 mm. long, entire, obtuse; blades flat, 4-8 mm. broad, scabrous-margined.


Inflorescence a spike-like, cylindric panicle 5-10 cm. long; spikelets 1-flowered, strongly flattened; glumes 3-4 mm. long with hairs on the keel, abruptly truncate and with a stout awn 1-1.5 mm. long; lemmas pubescent, 2 mm. long, the mid-nerve prolonged as a short bristle; paleas subequal to the lemmas, 2-nerved.

Accepted Name:
Phleum pratense L.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
ssp. pratense – common Timothy
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Phleum pratense in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Phleum pratense checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Phleum pratense atlas page.

CalPhotos: Phleum pratense photos.

USDA Plants: Phleum pratense information.

26 photographs:
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